# Theories

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Theories

## 1. Learning Theories

### 1.1. Connectivism

1.1.1. Fairly new theory developed in 2006

1.1.2. There is so much information available we can't learn it all, so we must know where to obtain this information from

1.1.3. Learning is done by connecting sources of information

1.1.3.1. have students blog their learning and connect to one another through these blogs

### 1.2. Constructivism

1.2.1. Students build their own knowledge

1.2.2. Problem based learning

1.2.2.1. Students learn through experiencing and solving problems

1.2.3. Project based learning

1.2.3.1. Students utilize skills such as problem solving, decision making, investigative skills, and reflection

1.2.4. The educator is a facilitator; they guide students in solving problems rather than teaching at them

1.2.5. Learning is building connections with the environment

1.2.5.1. educators should explore the environment with their students and bring real and tangible items from the environment into the class room

1.2.5.1.1. when studying aerodynamics bring in miniature planes, visit an aerial museum, talk to a pilot

### 1.3. Cognitivism

1.3.1.1. Schema's can only hold so much information for a certain amount of time

1.3.1.2. organize information so it is not too much or too little for children to take in at once

1.3.1.2.1. know where you are going by setting up charts, mind maps or calendars

1.3.2. The mind is a blank slate, as we learn information continues to build upon one another

1.3.3. we gather and sort information through schema's

1.3.3.1. prior knowledge is important

1.3.4. educators should scaffold a child's learning by knowing where a child is at developmentally and facilitating their learning appropriately

1.3.4.1. Introducing math through numbers, then counting, then adding small numbers and gradually beginning to add using bigger numbers, eventually leading to subtracting

### 1.4. Behaviorism

1.4.1. Operant conditioning theory (Skinner)

1.4.1.1. Reinforcement

1.4.1.1.1. Ensuring a positive behavior happens again by providing a reward, such as getting 100% on a spelling test and getting a sticker

1.4.1.2. Punishment

1.4.1.2.1. Ensuring a negative behavior doesn't occur again such as taking away recess when a child doesn't listen

1.4.2. teacher directed

1.4.3. drill and practice oriented: "practice makes perfect"

## 2. Technology Theories

### 2.1. Social Construction of Technology

2.1.1. SCOT theorist believe that human activity shape and control technology, rather than it being the other way around

2.1.2. who is accountable for the success of technology? Why is it the way it is?

2.1.3. Analysis why technology succeeds and why it fails

### 2.2. Media Ecology

2.2.1. It is a metadiscipline, that is the study of media as an environment

2.2.2. Believe technology shapes human activity, unlike SCOT theorists

2.2.3. Can include everything

2.2.4. media is not an object, institution or an organization; it is an enviroment

## 3. TPACK

### 3.1. Involves the intersection of three types of knowledge that work together to support good teaching

3.1.1. Content knowledge

3.1.1.1. Master of subject being taught eg. biology or social studies

3.1.2. Technological knowledge

3.1.2.1. Master of technologies available to support students such as Prezi

3.1.3. Pedagogical Knowledge

3.1.3.1. Master of teaching

### 3.2. There are sub domains that interact amongst TPACK called PCK

3.2.1. Content & Pedagogical knowledge

3.2.1.1. Work together to allow you to effectivley teach your content knowledge

3.2.2. Pedagogical & Technological knowledge

3.2.2.1. You support your teaching using technology, such as using a PowerPoint to teach a subject

3.2.3. Technological & Content knowledge

3.2.3.1. You know how to use technology and how it relates to your content knowledge, such as researching new information about science

### 3.3. This is an ideal spot to be as a teacher

3.3.1. One may never find a complete balance between all three content areas

## 4. Philosophy of Teachnology

### 4.2. Similar to philosophies on teaching

4.2.1. Each teacher holds different beliefs and values pertaining to teaching, as well as teaching with technology

### 4.5. As educators we must always have our philosophy of teachnology with us at all times. We must review and build upon our philosophies on a regular basis

4.5.1. By keeping in check with our philosophy this will allow us to become better educators and overall, benefit our students learning.