Antietam

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Antietam by Mind Map: Antietam

1. Bloodiest Single-Day Battle

1.1. 23,000 casualities total

1.2. Southern Casaulities

1.2.1. 10,316 Total

1.2.2. (1,546 killed

1.2.3. 7,752 wounded

1.2.4. 1,018 captured/missing)

1.3. More Casualties than...COMBINED

1.3.1. The Spanish-American War

1.3.2. The Battle 1812

1.3.3. The Mexican War

1.4. Northern Casaulities

1.4.1. 12,401 Total

1.4.2. 2,108 Killed

1.4.3. 9,540 Wounded

1.4.4. 753 Captured/missing

2. Key Figuress

2.1. General Robert E Lee

2.1.1. Army of Northern Virginia

2.1.2. <-- Man Power

2.1.2.1. 38,000 "Engaged"

2.1.3. Strategic, adventageous and aggressive

2.2. General George B. McClellan

2.2.1. Army of the Patomac

2.2.1.1. General Burnside

2.2.1.1.1. Conducted attack across Antietam bridge

2.2.2. <-- Man Power

2.2.2.1. 75,500 "Present for duty"

2.2.3. Timid, hesitant and reluctant General

3. The Broader Context

3.1. Location

3.1.1. Sharpburg, Maryland

3.1.2. Antietam Creek

3.1.3. Part of the "Maryland Campaign"

3.1.3.1. September 4th--20th

3.1.3.2. Robert E. Lee's 1st Northern invasion

3.1.3.3. Major Battles

3.1.3.3.1. Harpers Ferry.

3.1.3.3.2. South Mountain

3.1.3.3.3. Antietam

3.1.3.3.4. Shepherdstown

3.2. Duration

3.2.1. 1 Day: September 17th, 1862

3.3. Outcome

3.3.1. Union Victory

3.3.2. Minor Confederate Defeat

3.3.3. Ended Lee's strategic Northern campaign (his first invasion of the North)

3.3.4. Allowed President Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, which took effect on January 1, 1863.

4. Opposing Forces

4.1. Union

4.1.1. Battle Strategy

4.1.1.1. North discover Lee's Battle Plans

4.1.1.2. Intercept the Army of Northern-Virginia

4.1.1.3. Confederates Divided into 3 groups: Isolate and surrendure of each group.

4.2. Confederate

4.2.1. Battle Strategy

4.2.1.1. Continue invasion of the North and the 1st Northern Campaign

5. McClellan's Weakness

5.1. Too Timid

5.2. Stalled 18 hours before making a move, even with the South's battle plans.

5.3. Always underestamated Northern numbers and Southern strength

5.4. Failed to pursue Lee's Army

6. Aftermath and Conclusion

6.1. Lee escaped across the Potamac

6.2. Maryland Campaign ended

6.3. Lincoln's dissappointment in McClellan

6.4. The Beginnig of McClellan's end as General

6.5. Gave North the power to pass the Emancipation Proclamation

6.6. Southern defeat at Antietam prevented the international recognition of the Confederacy as independent by France and Great Britain.