請看以下三組信息： 管理學大師Peter Drucker比較「工業革命」與「資訊革命」異同的觀察： 一年一度在美國舉行的Web 2.0 Summit今年十月進入第六屆，去年的主題是"Web Meets World"，今年的主題將會是"Web Squared"。按主辦者Tim O'reilly的解釋，Web 2.0 is all about harnessing collective intelligence。隨著Web 2.0的科技發展，環球智能透過網絡互動，逐漸形成Collective Mind-- "Increasingly, the Web is the world.... Web Squared is our way of exploring this phenomenon and giving it a name." (italics mine) 有聽過Social Computing嗎？ 一篇以"The Shift to Social Computing"爲題的文章，把Social Computing視為Web 2.0的延伸，文章從Web 2.0與Social Computing的關係，了解Social Computing 是甚麼： 若Web 2.0 是覆蓋國家的公路網，Social Computing的功用，便是開發這公路網帶來的商機，譬如：旅遊，商貿，能源需求，衛星城市發展.... 等等。 Social Computing帶來了甚麼特別的轉變？The following are identified in the article as the generally accepted basic tenets of SC: Innovation is moving from a top-down to bottom-up model Value is shifting from ownership to experiences Power is moving from institutions to communities 附上導想圖/Concept Map，把上述三組資訊的背景資料從以下角度扼要列出，藉以爲未來企業環境勾劃出一個輪廓： 歴史角度 Web 2.0的發展理念 Social Computing: Web 2.0的具體表現 在其中我觀察到的，是主導未來的職場生態，將會是一種要求高度自動，自發，自主的「自由人」工作方式，你同意嗎？
"The Next Society" by Peter Drucker Nov. 1, 2001, Economist.com Excerpt: Both in its speed and its impact, the information revolution uncannily resembles its two predecessors within the past 200 years, the first industrial revolution of the later 18th and early 19th centuries and the second industrial revolution in the late 19th century. The first industrial revolution, triggered by James Watt's improved steam engine in the mid-1770s, immediately had an enormous impact on the West's imagination, but it did not produce many social and economic changes until the invention of the railroad in 1829, and of pre-paid postal service and of the telegraph in the decade thereafter. Similarly, the invention of the computer in the mid-1940s, the information revolution's equivalent of the steam engine, stimulated people's imagination, but it was not until 40 years later, with the spread of the Internet in the 1990s, that the information revolution began to bring about big economic and social changes. Equally, today we are puzzled and alarmed by the growing inequality in income and wealth and by the emergence of the “super-rich”, such as Microsoft's Bill Gates. Yet the same sudden and inexplicable growth in inequality, and the same emergence of the “super-rich” of their day, characterised both the first and the second industrial revolutions. Relative to the average income and average wealth of their time and country, those earlier super-rich were a good deal richer than a Bill Gates is relative to today's average income and wealth in America. These parallels are close and striking enough to make it almost certain that, as in the earlier industrial revolutions, the main effects of the information revolution on the next society still lie ahead. The decades of the 19th century following the first and second industrial revolutions were the most innovative and most fertile periods since the 16th century for the creation of new institutions and new theories. The first industrial revolution turned the factory into the central production organisation and the main creator of wealth. Factory workers became the first new social class since the appearance of knights in armour more than 1,000 years earlier. The house of Rothschild, which emerged as the world's dominant financial power after 1810, was not only the first investment bank but also the first multinational company since the 15th century Hanseatic League and the Medici. The first industrial revolution brought forth, among many other things, intellectual property, universal incorporation, limited liability, the trade union, the co-operative, the technical university and the daily newspaper. The second industrial revolution produced the modern civil service and the modern corporation, the commercial bank, the business school, and the first non-menial jobs outside the home for women. The two industrial revolutions also bred new theories and new ideologies. The Communist Manifesto was a response to the first industrial revolution; the political theories that together shaped the 20th-century democracies—Bismarck's welfare state, Britain's Christian Socialism and Fabians, America's regulation of business—were all responses to the second one. So was Frederick Winslow Taylor's “scientific management” (starting in 1881), with its productivity explosion.
Web Meets World: Participatory Culture and Sustainable Living
Web Squared: Web 2.0 Five Years On