Learning

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Learning by Mind Map: Learning

1. Classical Conditioning

1.1. Ivan Pavlov

1.1.1. Generalization

1.1.2. Discrimination

1.1.3. Acquisition

1.2. Human Behavior

1.2.1. John B. Watson

1.2.1.1. Little Albert

1.2.2. Garcia Effect

1.2.2.1. John Garcia

1.2.2.1.1. Taste Aversions

1.3. Learning Procedure

1.3.1. Neutral Stimulus

1.3.2. Unconditioned Response

1.3.3. Conditioned Response

1.3.4. Unconditioned Stimulus

1.3.5. Conditioned Stimulus

1.4. Spontaneous Recovery

1.5. Extinction

2. Operant Conditioning

2.1. Reinforcement

2.1.1. Aversive Control

2.1.1.1. Punishment

2.1.1.2. Negative Reinforcement

2.1.2. Positive Reinforcement

2.1.2.1. Token Economy

2.2. B. F. Skinner

2.2.1. Primary Reinforcer

2.2.2. Secondary Reinforcer

2.2.3. Fixed Ratio

2.2.4. Fixed Interval

2.2.5. Variable Ratio

2.2.6. Variable Interval

2.3. Shaping

2.4. Chaining

3. Social Learning

3.1. Latent Learning

3.2. Learned Helplessness

3.3. Albert Bandura

3.3.1. Modeling

3.3.2. Disinhibition

3.4. Behavior Modification

4. Memory and Thought

4.1. Three Step Process

4.1.1. Encoding

4.1.2. Storage

4.1.3. Retrieval

4.2. Three Stages of Memory

4.2.1. Sensory Memory

4.2.2. Short Term Memory

4.2.2.1. Maintenance Rehearsal

4.2.2.2. Chunking

4.2.2.3. Primacy-Recency Effect

4.2.3. Long Term Memory

4.2.3.1. Semantic LTM

4.2.3.2. Episodic LTM

4.2.3.3. Procedural LTM

4.2.3.4. Declarative LTM

4.3. Forgetting

4.3.1. State-Dependent Learning

4.3.2. Decay

4.3.3. Interference

4.4. Improving Memory

4.4.1. Elaborative Rehearsal

4.4.2. Mnemonic Devices