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400 words for the Toefl Disaster by Mind Map: 400 words for the Toefl
Disaster
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400 words for the Toefl Disaster

anticipate

anticipate (v)

to expect that something will happen and be ready for it, Sales are better than anticipated., anticipate changes/developments, The schedule isn't final, but we don't anticipate many changes., anticipate problems/difficulties, We don't anticipate any problems., A good speaker is able to anticipate an audience's needs and concerns., anticipate (that), This year, we anticipate that our expenses will be 15% greater., anticipate doing sth, I didn't anticipate having to do the cooking myself!

to think about something that is going to happen, especially something pleasant, We eagerly anticipated the day we would leave school

anticipatory (adj) (formal)

the anticipatory atmosphere of a big college football game

anticipation (n)

the fact of seeing that sth might happen in the future and perhaps doing sth about it now, do sth in anticipation of sth, He bought extra food in anticipation of more people coming than he'd invited

a feeling of excitement about sth (usually sth good) that is going to happen, happy / eager / excited anticipation, Taylor was excited and full of anticipation at the prospect of the trip

eruption

erupt(v)

if fighting, violence, noise etc erupts, it starts suddenly, erupt (into sth), Violence erupted after police shot a student during the demonstration., The unrest erupted into revolution.

if a volcano erupts, it explodes and sends smoke, fire, and rock into the sky, The volcano could erupt at any time, Ash began to erupt from the crater, An immense volume of rocks and molten lava was erupted

if a place or situation erupts, there is a sudden increase in activity or emotion, erupt into, Their conversations often erupted into minor squabbles.

eruption (n)

a volcanic eruption

eruption of, the eruption of violence

impact

impact (v)

to have an important or noticeable effect on someone or something, impact on/upon, The Food Safety Act will progressively impact on the way food businesses operate.

impact (n)

the powerful effect that sth has on sb/sth, impact on/upon, We need to assess the impact on climate change., major/significant/profound etc impact, We need to assess the impact on climate change.

persevere

persevere (v)

to continue trying to do something in a very determined way in spite of difficulties - use this to show approval, persevere with sth (sb), She persevered with her violin lessons, You have to persevere with difficult students., persevere in (doing) sth, She had persevered in her claim for compensation., Despite a number of setbacks, they persevered in their attempts to fly around the world in a balloon

persevering (adj)

A few persevering climbers finally reached the top.

perseverance (n)

determination to keep trying to achieve something in spite of difficulties - use this to show approval, perseverance in, They showed great perseverance in the face of difficulty, The only way to improve is through hard work and dogged perseverance.

persist (v)

to continue to do something, although this is difficult, or other people oppose it, persist with sth, She persisted with her studies in spite of financial problems., persist in (doing) sth, He persisted in his refusal to admit responsibility.

persistent (adj)

determined to do sth in spite of difficulties, especially when other people are against you and think that you are being annoying or unreasonable, persistent efforts, a persistent offender, Persistent offenders (=people who often break the law) face a prison sentence, If she hadn't been so persistent she might not have gotten the job.

continuing for a long period of time without interruption, or repeated frequently, especially in a way that is annoying and cannot be stopped, persistent rain / pain, a persistent cough, persistent rumours /persistent criticism, He resigned over persistent rumours of his affair with an actress, a persistent problem, Famine is a persistent problem in many parts of the world

persistently (adv)

They have persistently denied claims of illegal dealing.

persistently high interest rates

persistence (n)

His persistence was finally rewarded when the insurance company agreed to pay for the damage

persistence of, the persistence of high unemployment in the post-war years

plunge

plunge (v)

to move, fall, or be thrown suddenly forwards or downwards, plunge off/into, Her car swerved and plunged off the cliff., plunge to sb's death(s), Both the climbers had plunged to their deaths .

if a price, rate etc plunges, it suddenly decreases by a large amount, plunge sharply, The unemployment rate plunged sharply., plunge to, Oil prices have plunged to a new low ., plunge by, This year profits plunged by 40%.

plunge in (phr v), to start talking or doing something quickly and confidently, especially without thinking about it first, It's a difficult situation. You can't just plunge in and put everything right., to jump or dive into water, He stripped off and plunged into the sea.

plunge (n)

a sudden movement down or forwards, headlong plunge, The plane began a headlong plunge towards the Earth

a sudden large decrease in the price, value etc of something, plunge in, a dramatic plunge in house prices

when someone suddenly becomes involved in something new, plunge into, his sudden plunge into marriage

a jump or dive into water, or a quick swim, plunge in/into, a quick plunge in the lake

unleash

unleash (v)

to suddenly let a strong force, emotion, etc. be felt or have an effect, unleash emotions, unleash sth (on / upon sb/sth), Lefèvre's comments unleashed a wave of protest.

to let a dog run free after it has been held on a leash, leash >< unleash