Learning Theories

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Learning Theories by Mind Map: Learning Theories

1. Cogntivism

1.1. Basic Principles

1.1.1. Meaningful effect

1.1.2. Schema needs to exist before it can be built on

1.1.3. Practice for retention

1.2. Teaching Implications

1.2.1. Practice Makes Perfect

1.2.2. Organizational tools, mneumonic device, metaphor, mind maps, advanced organizers

2. Cognitive Load Theory

2.1. Basic Principles

2.1.1. Processing Information can over or under load working memory

2.1.2. Contains extraneous, intrinsic, germane cognitive loads

2.2. Teaching Implications

2.2.1. Need to decrease extrinsic cognitive load

2.2.2. Use chucking, learning structures, instructional design, error/fundamental attribution error

3. Constructivism

3.1. Basic Principles

3.1.1. Begin with complex problems and teach basic skills while solving problems

3.1.2. Learning involves constructing one's own knowledge from one's own experience

3.1.3. Learning is building connections by actively interacting with the environment

3.2. Teaching Implications

3.2.1. Teacher is a faciliator

3.2.2. Problem-based learning with authentic tasks

3.2.3. Teaching in the students Zone of Proximal Development

3.2.4. Active learning

4. Behaviourism

4.1. Basic Principles

4.1.1. Stimulus and response, with repetition

4.1.2. Operant Conditions- reinforcement, punishment and consequences

4.2. Teaching Implications

4.2.1. Set learning objectives in relation to curriculum

4.2.2. Direct Instruction with rewards, punishments and consequences

4.2.3. Behaviour Analysis

4.2.4. Classroom Management Techniques

5. Connectivism

5.1. Basic Principles

5.1.1. Learning is the process of creating connections and developing a network

5.1.2. Do not need to know everything, just build your network of knowledge sources and access them whenever you need them

5.2. Teaching Implications

5.2.1. Help students build learning networks

5.2.2. Teach where to know where instead of know how or what

6. Teachnolgoy

6.1. Your personal beliefs about how technology can and should be used in your teaching practice


7.1. Technological, Pedagogical and Content Knowledge- The understanding the complex interplay between pedagogy, technology and content knowledge

7.2. Technology Knowledge- knowledge of the different types of technology tools that can be integrated into teaching

7.3. Technological Content Knowledge- knowledge of how technology can be used to teach or conceptualize content in new ways

7.4. Technological Pedagogical Knowledge- determining how a tool fits with the task and is the tool well suited for learning and the students

8. Social Construction of Technology

8.1. The belief that society influences technology

9. Media Ecology

9.1. Technology shapes soceity