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Operating Systems and Utility Programs by Mind Map: Operating Systems and Utility
Programs
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Operating Systems and Utility Programs

Operating Systems

Functions

The process of starting or restarting a computer is called booting, Cold boot, Warm boot

With a command-line interface, a user uses the keyboard to enter data and instructions

Operating systems typically provide a means to establish Internet connections

Operating systems often provide users with the capability

Automatic update automatically provides updates to the program

Types

Stand-Alone, A stand-alone operating system is a complete operating system that works on a desktop computer, notebook computer, or mobile computing device

Server, Windows Server 2008, UNIX, Linux, Solaris

Embedded, An embedded operating system resides on a ROM chip on a mobile device or consumer electronic device

Utility Programs

file manager

A file manager is a utility that performs functions related to file management

search utility

A search utility is a program that attempts to locate a file on your computer based on criteria you specify

disk defragmenter

A disk defragmenter reorganizes the files and unused space on a computer’s hard disk so that the operating system accesses data more quickly and programs run faster

image viewer

An image viewer allows users to display, copy, and print the contents of a graphics file

uninstaller

An uninstaller removes a program, as well as any associated entries in the system files

backup utility

A backup utility allows users to copy files to another storage medium

restore utility

A restore utility reverses the process and returns backed up files to their original form

screen saver

A screen saver causes a display device’s screen to show a moving image or blank screen if no activity occurs for a specified time

personal firewall

A personal firewall detects and protects a personal computer from unauthorized intrusions

media player

A media player allows you to view images and animation, listen to audio, and watch video files on your computer