Green Growth

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Green Growth by Mind Map: Green Growth

1. Organizations

1.1. GGGI

1.1.1. Research Initiatives Green Growth Best Practice (GGBP) Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP) Green Growth and the New Industrial Revolution Green Growth in Developing Countries Green Technology Sustainable Energy Trade Agreement (SETA)

1.1.2. Definition A new model of economic growth that simultaneously targets key aspects of economic performance, such as poverty reduction, job creation and social inclusion, and those of environmental sustainability, such as mitigation of climate change and biodiversity loss and security of access to clean energy and water. Vision

1.1.3. Publications Moving towards a Common Approach on Green Growth Indicators

1.2. OECD

1.2.1. Publications Towards Green Growth Green Growth and Developing Countries

1.2.2. Definitions Green growth means fostering economic growth and development, while ensuring that natural assets continue to provide the resources and environmental services on which our well-being relies. It provides a strong focus on fostering the necessary conditions for innovation, investment and competition that can give rise to new sources of economic growth, consistent with resilient ecosystems.

1.3. World Bank

1.3.1. Publications Inclusive Green Growth

1.4. Green Growth Leaders

1.4.1. Definition Job creation or GDP Growth compatible with or driven by actions to reduce greenhouse gasses.

1.5. UN

1.5.1. UNEP Publications Towards a Green Economy: Pathways to Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradication Definition

1.5.2. UN-DESA Publications A guidebook to the Green Economy Issue 1: Green Economy, Green Growth, and Low-Carbon Development - history, definitions and a guide to recent publications A Guidebook to the Green Economy - Issue 2: exploring green economy principles A guidebook to the Green Economy Issue 3: exploring green economy policies and international experience with national strategies

2. Green Growth and Energy

2.1. Key Elements

2.1.1. Energy innovation

2.1.2. Energy Integration

2.1.3. Energy Implementation

2.1.4. Energy Transformation

2.2. Key Technology Areas

2.2.1. Power Generation Power Generation Efficiency Power Generation Fuel Switching Renewables

2.2.2. End-Use End-Use Energy Efficiency End-Use Fuel Switching

2.2.3. Advanced Technologies Under development

2.3. Challenges / Barriers

2.3.1. Financial Challenges

2.3.2. Unpriced Market Externalities

2.3.3. Behavior, Learning and Perception

2.3.4. Grid Integration and Transmission

2.3.5. Fossil Fuel Subsidies

3. Examples

3.1. Less Developed Countries

3.1.1. Education

3.1.2. Food Security

3.1.3. Water Suply and Sanitation

3.1.4. Inclusiveness

3.1.5. Energy access

3.2. Middle Income Countries

3.2.1. Support for energy efficiency

3.2.2. Enhanced access to renewables

3.2.3. Efficient mass transportation systems

3.2.4. Development of clean technology

3.3. Industrialized Countries

4. The Role of Governments

4.1. Policy Signals

4.1.1. Policies are "Context Specific" Designing the Policy Instrument Setting the Objective Implementing the Policy Data Collection and Policy Evaluation

4.2. Create initial Markets

4.3. Education and Persuasion

4.4. Internalizing Externalities

4.5. Regulation & Incentives

5. The concept

5.1. Rationale (Economic)

5.1.1. Avoid the costs of environmental degradation

5.1.2. Support Efficiency and Productivity

5.1.3. Energy Security

5.1.4. Stimulate Innovation

5.1.5. New Economic Opportunities

5.1.6. Key driver Limits to Growth

5.2. Green

5.2.1. Address major environmental problems Air Pollution Water Stress Biodiversity Loss Greenhouse gas emissions

5.2.2. Decoupling environmental impacts

5.3. Growth

5.3.1. Inclusive Growth

5.3.2. Economic performance

6. Monitoring Progress

6.1. Develop Framework

6.2. Identify Indicators

6.2.1. Environment and Resource Productivity CO2 productivity Energy productivity

6.2.2. Natural asset base

6.2.3. Environmental Quality of Life

6.2.4. Economic opportunities and policies responses

6.3. Collect Data / Information

6.4. Analyze Results

6.5. Report Results

6.5.1. Decoupling environmental impacts

7. Policy Instruments

7.1. Policy Integration and Complementarity

7.1.1. Policy Portfolio Environmental Policies Social Policies Economic Policies

7.2. Policy instruments: “means by which objectives are pursued”

7.3. Objectives

7.3.1. Foster growth while improving environmental and social conditions;

7.3.2. Promote resource and energy efficiency;

7.3.3. Transition to low carbon technologies and develop renewable energy source;

7.3.4. Improve energy access, security and reliability.

7.4. Policy options

7.4.1. R&D Support Basic research - science/engineering/education Commercial development support Research institutions & innovation culture Job training

7.4.2. Regulations and Standards Performance Standards Fuel efficiency standards - vehicles Energy efficiency standards - appliances Biofuel standards - vehicles Power Generation standards Building codes Technology Standards Voluntary Standards

7.4.3. Price Instruments Fossil fuel subsidy reforms Carbon charges Increase supply Tax Credits Loan Guarantees Other Subsidies Increase demand Feed-in Tariffs Green Procurement Contracts Mitigate Risks Public Private Partnerships Liability Caps

7.4.4. Quantity Instruments Emissions Trading Schemes Renewable Energy Credits

7.4.5. International Cooperation Climate Finance South-South Knowledge Exchange Data Sharing Partnership Networks International Treaties

8. Indicators (GGGI)

8.1. Country Profile

8.1.1. Demographic Population (age 65 and above) Population growth rate

8.1.2. Geography Land area Arable land Population Density

8.1.3. Institutional Net ODA received International homicides Current account balance Remittances

8.2. To Develop

8.2.1. Well-being Poverty Population living on degraded land GINI index Proportion of population below $1 per day (ppp int.$) Employment to population ratio (age 15 and above) Access Access to electricity Access to improved water source Proportion of population with access to improved sanitation Water coverage (access to tapped water within the service area) Sewage coverage (access to sewerage system within the service area) Health Life expectancy at age 60 Mortality rate under five Hospital beds Malnutrition prevalence (underweight) Education Literacy rate, adult total (age 15 and above) Primary school enrollment Secondary school enrollment Tertiary school enrollment

8.2.2. Economy Income GDP (PPP) GDP per capita (PPP) GDP growth Industry Agricultural; Manufacturing; Service share International tourism, receipts Foreign direct investment, net flows Infrastructure Road density Road paved Cellular subscribers Internet users SCP Material consumption Generation of waste Ecological footprint

8.3. To Sustain

8.3.1. Ecosystem Biodiversity Endangered species Terrestrial and marine areas protected to total territorial area Living planet index GEF benefits index for biodiversity Ocean Coral reef Marine area protected Mangrove

8.3.2. Resources Energy & Mineral Energy supply (total primary energy supply) Energy consumption ( total final consumption) Energy intensity Energy use per capita Electricity generated using non-fossil fuel Water Annual freshwater withdrawals, total Water use intensity Water scarcity index Water stress index Fisheries Total fisheries production Forestry Forest area Deforestation Change in forest area

8.3.3. Climate GHG Emission CO2 emission CO2 emission per GDP CO2 emission per capita GHG intensity Air Emission NOx emission per capita SOx emission per capita Vulnerability Droughts, floods, extreme temperatures Vulnerability index

9. Key terms

9.1. Social dimension

9.1.1. Well‐being

9.1.2. Socially inclusive

9.1.3. Access to basic commodities for the impoverished

9.1.4. Meeting demands for: Food production Transport Construction Housing Energy

9.2. Economic dimension

9.2.1. Economic growth and development

9.2.2. Technology and innovation

9.2.3. Environmentally sustainable economic progress

9.2.4. Resilient economic growth

9.2.5. Sustained economic growth

9.2.6. New growth engines

9.2.7. Green technology

9.2.8. New job opportunities

9.2.9. Qualitative growth

9.2.10. Inclusive growth

9.3. Environmental dimension

9.3.1. Protection and maintenance of: Natural assets Environmental services

9.3.2. Provision of resources and services

9.3.3. Low carbon

9.3.4. Using fewer resources and generating fewer emissions

9.3.5. Resource efficient

9.3.6. Clean

9.3.7. Climatic and environmental sustainability

9.3.8. Energy and resource efficient

9.3.9. Minimises pollution and environmental impacts

9.3.10. Resilient to hazards

9.3.11. Harmony between the economy and the environment

9.3.12. Environmental protection

9.3.13. Reduce GHG.

9.3.14. Decoupling environmental impacts

10. Principles

10.1. Is a means for achieving sustainable development

10.2. Maintains economic growth

10.3. Creates decent work and green jobs

10.4. Is resilient to risks and shocks

10.5. Is low carbon, low emissions

10.6. Is resource and energy efficient

10.7. Respects planetary boundaries or ecological limits or scarcity

10.8. Facilitates education and skills development

10.9. Drives innovation

10.10. Uses integrated decision‐making

10.11. Measures beyond GDP

10.12. Supports human rights, workers rights

10.13. National sovereignty

10.14. International liability

10.15. Right to development

10.16. Equitable, fair and just – between and within countries and between generations

10.17. Protects biodiversity and ecosystems

10.18. Poverty reduction, well‐being, livelihoods and social protection; access to essential services

10.19. Promotes international cooperation; avoids conditionalities on ODA and finance

10.20. Common but differentiated responsibilities (CBDR)

10.21. Sustainable lifestyles

10.22. Effective institutions, regulation, legislation

10.23. Open and competitive markets

10.23.1. Avoid trade restrictions

10.24. Precautionary approach

10.25. Internalises externalities

10.26. Governance

10.26.1. Inclusive

10.26.2. Democratic

10.26.3. Participatory

10.26.4. Accountable

10.26.5. Transparent

10.26.6. Stability

10.26.7. Rule of law