The American Civil War

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The American Civil War by Mind Map: The American Civil War

1. Union States

1.1. Oregon

1.2. California

1.3. Kasas

1.4. Minnesota

1.5. Iowa

1.6. Wisconsin

1.7. Illinois

1.8. Michigan

1.9. Indiana

1.10. Ohio

1.11. Pennsylvania

1.12. New York

1.13. Vermont

1.14. New Hampshire

1.15. Maine

1.16. Conneticut

1.17. Rhode Island

1.18. New Jersey

2. Confederate States

2.1. Florida

2.2. South Carolina

2.3. Georgia

2.4. Alabama

2.5. Mississippi

2.6. Louisiana

2.7. Texas

3. Boarder States

3.1. Montana

3.2. Kentucky

3.3. West Virginia

3.4. Maryland

3.5. Delaware

4. Confederate Strategy: To defend their territory until the North retreated.

5. Matthew Brady

6. Fort Sumter a fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina and the commander wouldn't surrender it. They decided to starve the the fort.

7. The Battle of Bull Run took place by a river just North of Manassas on July 21st. The poorly trained Union troops fled and the Confederates were too tired to pressure them.

8. General Grant's Victories in the West occured in

9. The Battle of Shiloh was one of the bloodiest fights in the civil war. The Union won but both sides had heavy losses.

10. General Lee's victories in the East were at Antietam Creek.

11. David Farragut captured New Orleans on April 26th, 1826. By then the entire river was in Union Hands.

12. General Lee invaded the North because Richmond was no longer under attack. This started the Battle of Antietam.

13. Both armies were battered and tired so there was no clear winner. Because the Union retreated first, the Confederacy claimed victory.

14. Nobody Clearly Won the Battle of Antietam because both armies were battered and tired. Because the Union retreated first, the Confederacy claimed victory.

15. The Emancipation Proclomation is a "bill" that freed slaves.

16. African American soldiers couldn't fight at one point. When the Emancipation Proclamation was made, it gave African Americans the right to fight ONLY with the Union.

17. 54th Massachusetts was one of the first official units in the Civil War.

18. During hard times in Richmond, people started to many bad things because resources were going down and down. More than 1,000 women looted shops for food, clothes, and shoes.

19. Conscription, also known as Draft was a law made during the Civil War. People got "drafted" to fight for a side in the Civil War. The Main motto was "Join or get drafted".

20. To pat off war debts, Congress levied the first income tax. Congress took money from other's paycheck to pay war debts. People went crazy and this caused people to steal.

21. Women played a big role in the Civil War. Many females disquised themselves as men and joined the army. Others worked as Nurses as other took over family businesses and farms.

22. When stronger people or people trying to help the other army were caught, they were put in civil war prison camps similar to concentration camps.

23. The Battle of Fredericksburg was fought December 11–15, 1862, in and around Fredericksburg, Virginia. This is one of the most one-sided victories of the Civil War.

24. The Battle of Gettysburg was fought July 1st-3rd in Gettysburg in Pennsylvania. This is considered the turning part of the war.

25. On July 4th, 1863, Lee and his army tried to take over Vicksburg by force. Day after Day they bombarded Vicksburg and the y eventually gave in. The Union took over all cities on the Mississippi River.

26. General Sherman made a total war to takeover Atlanta. Total war means all out attack aiming for enemy forts.

27. After taking Atlanta, General Sherman traveled toward the Atlantic Ocean to takeover Savannah. On their way, they set fire to buildings, pulled up train tracks and seized livestock and crops.

28. The Battle of the Wilderness occured in February 1865 when General Sherman traveled across the Carolinas.

29. Richmond was torn apart by the Union and the Confederacy competing. Many homes were taking over for shelter and the people were used to help. It went from quiet to noisy.

30. On April 2nd, Grant and his troops broke through Confederacy blockades. By evening Richmond belonged to the Union. Lee and his troops tried to retreat to the Appommattox Court House but he just surrendered.

31. About 260,000 Confederate Soldiers were killed. The Union's death went over 360,000 including 37,000 African Americans.

32. Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

33. Abraham Lincoln was assassinated 56 on April 15th, 1865. He was assassinated in Washington, D.C. at the Peterson House. He is considered assassinated because he was killed for political reasons.