The causes of the American civil war

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The causes of the American civil war by Mind Map: The causes of the American civil war

1. The economy of the north and south

1.1. 1800's

1.2. The north was industrial with factories with paid workers. The south was agriculture with large plantations and small farms. The south used slave labor.

1.3. Industial factories and plantations

2. The Missouri Compromise

2.1. 1819

2.2. Free states and slave states

2.3. North and south had an issue that they couldn't decided if Missouri would be a free or slave state. So they came to a compromise, Missouri would be a slave state and Union would be a free state.

3. The Wilmot Proviso

3.1. 1848

3.2. Wilmot Proviso

3.3. Representative David Wilmot of Pennsylvania proposed that congress ban slavery in all territory that might become a part of the U.S

4. Free-Soil Party

4.1. 1848

4.2. Republican and Democratic Party hoped to win by not taking a stand on the issue of slavery. Antislavery Whigs and democrats joined forces to create a new political party called "free soil".

4.3. Free-Soil Party

5. Election of Zachary Taylor

5.1. 1848

5.2. Zachary Taylor

5.3. In the election of 1848, the controversy over the Wilmot proviso led to the development of the free-soil party. Democrats nominated Martin van Buren, the whigs nominated Zachary Taylor. Senator Cass suggested that people in their own territory should decide for themselves.

6. The compromise of 1850

6.1. 1850

6.2. Compromise of 1850

6.3. Gold was spotted in California, thousands decided to move to the area. It was above the Missouri compromise line, so people felt that it would be a free state. The compromise was proposed by Henry Clay in January, 1850 he hoped that the compromise would end the debate over slavery forever.

7. The Fugitive Slave Act

7.1. 1850

7.2. Fugitive Slave

7.3. The Fugitive Slave act allowed government officials to arrest any person accused of being a runaway slave. Suspects couldn't trial to prove their innocents.all it took was a white witness to swear the suspect was the slave holder's Property.

8. Uncle Tom's Cabin

8.1. 1852

8.2. The book "Uncle Tom's Canin"

8.3. This book was written by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852, it was about an enslaved man who's abused by a cruel man named Simon Legree. It shocked thousands of people and was the best seller in the North. White Southerners were outraged by this book.

9. The Kansas-Nebraska Act

9.1. 1855

9.2. Kansas-Nebraska Act

9.3. Senator Stephen Douglas pushed through the act In 1854 which made the nation come closer to war. He suggested two new territories Kansas territory and Nebraska territory and they both would be free states. This upset the southerners very much.

10. "Bleeding Kansas"

10.1. 1855

10.2. Bleeding/bloody Kansas

10.3. Both proslavery and Antislavery settles flooded to Kansas to try to win the majority. Thousands of people from Missouri were in Kansas March of 1855 to vote illegally in the election of territorial legislature. Violence broke out, in April a proslavery sheriff was shot when ting to arrest Antislavery settlers.

11. Bloodshed in the Senate

11.1. 1855

11.2. Senator Charles Sumner attacke

11.3. Charles sumner of Massachusetts was the leading of the abolitionist senator. In one of his speeches he singled out Andrew butler who was an elderly senator from South Carolina who wasn't in his speech. Later his nephew Preston Brooks beat Sumner with a heavy cane, he never really recovered from his injuries.

12. Republican Party

12.1. 1854

12.2. A Republican Party

12.3. The Whigs party split in 1854, northern Whigs formed the Republican Party. The main goal was to stop Alavert from spreading to western territories. Their Antislavery stand attracted a lot of northern democrats and free-soil members. John C. Fremont was first to run first candidate for president.

13. The Election of 1856

13.1. 1856

13.2. 1856 election

13.3. The first republican candidate John C. Fremont waged a strong antislavery campaign and won 11/16 free states. Democrat James Budan won the election.

14. Dred Scott v. Sanford Case

14.1. 1857

14.2. Dred Scott

14.3. Dred Scott was an enslaved person who had been owned by a U.S army doctor. Dred Scott tried to sue for his freedom, he took is to the U.S Supreme Court. He had no right to sue because he was slave Holder's property.

15. The Lincoln and Douglas Debates

15.1. 1858

15.2. Lincoln and Douglas

15.3. Lincoln was chosen as senate candidate for senate against senator Douglas. Douglas defended slavery, Lincoln took a stand against the spread of slavery and to keep it out of western territories. Douglas won but Lincoln was know throughout the nation.

16. John Brown Attacks Harper's Ferry

16.1. 1859

16.2. Harper Ferry

16.3. John Brown was driven out of Kansas and returned to New England. A small group of supporters attacked the small town of harpers ferry. Brown was captured and injured and on December 2, 1859 he was hung.

17. Political parties Divide

17.1. 1860

17.2. Constitutional union party

17.3. The Democrats party split knots two parties during the election because Northern democrats refused to support slavery. They decided to form the constitutional union party to fix their problems. They want to protect slavery and keep the nation together.

18. The election of 1860

18.1. 1860

18.2. Abraham Lincoln

18.3. The election was against Abraham Lincoln, John Bell and John Breckinridge. Breckinridge won all slave votes. Lincoln received 40% of the popular vote and won the election.

19. Southern States Secede

19.1. 1860

19.2. South carolina Secede

19.3. Lincoln's election made the south feel they no longer had a voice in the national government. They thought the president was against their interest especially slavery. December 20, 1860 convention passed a declaration.

20. The Confederate States of America

20.1. February 1861

20.2. Confederate states of america

20.3. The leaders of the 7 states that left the union met in Montgomery, Alabama formed a new nation called the confederate states of America. They wrote the constitution by the time Lincoln took office.