Causes of the civil war

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Causes of the civil war by Mind Map: Causes of the civil war

1. Missouri Compromise

1.1. 1819

1.2. Missouri compromise

1.3. An American began moving west the issue of weather or not slavery should be allowed in the new states in new states forming out west issue. The first state in which it became an issue was Missouri. It's addition to the United States threatened to upset the balance between slave states and free states. In 1820 senator Henry clay persuaded congress to approve the Missouri compromise. The Missouri compromised stated 1.maine was admitted as a slave state 2. Missouri was admitted as a slave state 3. Louisiana north Missouri southern border was free 4.Southern slave owners gained right to pursue escaped fugitives into free regions.

2. Wilmot Proviso

2.1. 1848

2.2. Wilmot proviso

2.3. Since the Missouri compromise did not apply to the large territory gained from Mexico in 1848, representatives David Wilmot of Pennsylvania proposed that congress ban slavery in all territory that might become part of the United States as a result of the Mexican American war. The proposal passed in the house but failed in the senate

3. Free-soil party

3.1. 1848

3.2. Free soil party

3.3. In the election of 1848 both senator party and Democratic Party hoped to win by not taking an issue in slavery. Antislavery Whigs and democrats joined forces to create a new political party. It called for the territory gained in the Mexican American war to be a free state a place where slavery was banned.

4. Election of Zachary Taylor

4.1. Date

4.2. Election of Zachary Taylor

4.3. In the election 1848, the convertibility over slavery led to development of the free soil party. Democrats nominated senator Lewis of Michigan of Michigan Whigs nonmoinated zachary taylor and the free soil party former democratic president martian vain Venn senator cass suggested that the in each new territory should decade for themselves whether or not to allow slavery. Zachary Taylor a hero of the Mexican-american way won the election.

5. The compromise of 1850

5.1. 1850

5.2. The compromise of 1850

5.3. Gold was found in California and thousands moved to the area. Soon the territory had enough people to be admitted as a state. Since it was above the Missouri compromise line,people felt it would be a free state. This just angered the south and they threaded to secede( leave the union ). The compromise was proposed by senator Henry clay of Kentucky in January ,1850. He hoped the compromise would end the debate over slavery forever. This proposal produced one of the greatest debates in American political history. President Taylor opposed the compromise but the compromise but died and the new president Millard Fillmore supported it. Congress passes five series of bills in September ,1850 that became as the compromise of 1850. 1. California was admitted to the union as a free state. 2. Slave trade was banned in the nations capital. 3. Congress declared that it could not regulate the slave trade between slave states. 4. Popular sovereignty (people would vote) would used to determine the issue of slavery in the issue of slavery in the rest of the Mexican cession. 5. The south received a new fugitive slave law.

6. The fugitive slave act

6.1. Date

6.2. The fugitive slave act

6.3. Allowed special government officials to arrest any person accused of being a runaway slave. All it took was a slaveholder or any white witness to swear the suspect was a slave holders of property. The law is also required Northern citizens to help capture accused runaways if authorities requested assistance.

7. Uncle toms cabin

7.1. Date

7.2. Uncle toms cabin

7.3. Written by hamlet beaver in 1852,it was a novel about kindly Uncle Tom an enslaved man who abused by the cruel Simon legree . The book became a best seller in the north . It shocked thousands of people who had been unconcerned with slavery before reading the book. The book caused people to view slavery as a human , a moral problem and not just a political issue. White southerners were outraged .

8. The Kansas -Nebraska act

8.1. Date

8.2. The Kansas -Nebraska act

8.3. senator Stephen Douglas pushed through the act in 1854 which led the nation closer to war. he wanted to see a rail road built from illonies through the Nebraska territory to the pacific coast. he suggested creating two new territories the Kansas territory and the Nebraska territory. both were above the Missouri compromise line and would become free states which upset the south sates . to win southern states support he suggested that the issue that that the issue of slavery be resolved by popular sovereignty. this would undo the Missouri compromise

9. Bleeding Kansas

9.1. Date

9.2. Bleeding Kansas

9.3. both pro slavery and anti slavery settlers flooded to kansas to try and win the majority. thousands of people from missouri enters kansas in march 1855 to vote illegally in the elction of a territoral legislature.Kansas had 3,00 votes but almost 8,000 people voted.Of the 39 people legislautre

10. Bloodshed in the senate (senator Charles summer attacked)

10.1. Date

10.2. Bloodshed in the senate (senator Charles summer attacked)

10.3. Charles summer of Massachusetts was the leading abolitalist senator and made fiery speech

11. Republican Party

11.1. Date

11.2. Republican Party

11.3. The wig party split in 1854 and many northern Whigs formed a new political party called the Republican. Their main goal was to stop the spread of slavery into the western territories. Their antislavery stand attracted many northern Democrats and Free-soil members. the party quickly became very powerful. in the first congressional elections held just a few months after the party was created 105 of 245 candidates were elected to the House of Representative. Democrats also lost control of two northern state legislature. Two years later the party ran its first candidate for president , John C. Fremont.

12. Election of 1856

12.1. 1856

12.2. Election of 1856

12.3. First republican candidate John c. Fremont (army officer who help win California's independence in the Mexican war ) waged a strong antislavery campaign and won 11 of the 16 free states. Democrat James ruhaincrh was a elected Fremont and won the election.

13. Dred Scott vs Sanford case

13.1. Date

13.2. Dred Scott vs Sanford case

13.3. Dred Scott was an enslaved person who had once been owned by a U.S army doctor . they had lived in Illinois and Wisconsin for a short time wh ere slaverly was illegal . they settled in missouri . with the help of an anti slavey lawyer , scott suede for his freedom because he argued that he was free because had lived where slavery was illegal . the case reach the supremem court . the supreme court delivered its verdict in the case on march 1857 , 3 days after president Buchanan took office . cheif justice roger b. torey wrote the decision for the court. scott was not a free man for 2 reasons : one . scott had no right to sue in federal court because African Americans were not citizens ; 2 . merely living in free territory does not make an enslaved person property. slaves were constitution and property rights were protected by the United States prohibit. the ruiling also said that congress did not have the power to abolish slavery in any territory. thus, the Missouri compromis was unconstitutional. Southerners were happy because slavery was illegal in all territories. Northerners were upset because now slavery could spread to the west.

14. The Lincoln and Douglas debates

14.1. Date

14.2. The Lincoln and Douglas debates

14.3. Lincoln was chosen as the Whig candidate for senate against senator Stephan in 1858 . Lincoln and Douglas were political and personal rivals (both had dated marry Todd and she married Lincoln . Lincoln challenged Douglas to series of pueblo debates . Thousands gathered to hear them speak . Newspapers reported what each man said throughout the nation . Douglas defended popular sovorevighty and said each state had the right decided for or against slavery. He painted Lincoln as a dangerous abolitionist who wanted equality African Americans . Lincoln took a stand against slavery of slavery. He predicted that slavery would die out on its own but in the meantime Americans had an obligation to keep it out of the western territories . Douglas won the elections but Lincoln was not known throughout the nation

15. John brown attacks harpers ferry

15.1. date

15.2. john brown attacks ferry

15.3. John Brown was driven out of Kansas after the Pottawatomie Creek Massacre and returned to New England. He began a plot to free people in the south that were enslaved . In 1859, Brown and a small group of supporters attacked the town of Harper Ferry Virginia. His goal was to take control of the seize guys that the U.S Army had stored there. He thought that enslaved African Americans would support him. He would give them weapons and let a revolt. He gained control of the guns but troops commanded by Colonel Robert e. surrounded browns force before they could escape. Ten of browns followers were killed. Brown was wounded and captured. At his trial he sat quietly as the court found him guilty of murder treason . He was guilty in Virginia on December 2, 1859. Many people in the north considered him a free slave. Southerners were shocked that Northerners thought this about a person who tried to lead a revolt against them.

15.3.1. Sothe

16. Political party

16.1. Date

16.2. Political party

16.3. The Republicans Party split into two parties during the election of 1860 because Northern Democrats refused to support slavery in the territories. Some Southerners wanted to fix the problems between the North and the South and formed the constitution Union Party. They wanted to protect slavery and keep the together.

17. Election of 1860

17.1. 1860

17.2. Election of 1860

17.3. CxRepublicans chose Abraham to run for president in 1860. Northern democrats nominated Stephan as their candidate . South democrats chose Vice President John bell of Kentucky . The constitutional union nominated John brown of Tennessee . The election showed just had Fragmented the nation had become . Lincoln won every free state and Breckinridge won all slave states except four . Bell won Kentucky ,Tennessee ,and Virginia . Douglas won Missouri . Lincoln received 40% of the popular vote received enough electoral votes to win the election and become president .hu

18. Southern states secede

18.1. Date

18.2. Southern states secede

18.3. Lincolns election made the south feel that they no longer had a voice in the nation government. they believed that the president and congress were against slavery , especially interest . south carillon seceded ( left the united states) first when news of Lincoln's election reached the state. They called for a special convention. On December 20, 1860 the convention passed a Declaration that "the union now subsisting between South C. and the other states, under the name of the United States of America is hereby . 6 more states followed South Carolina out of the Union.

19. The confederate states of America

20. The crittenden plan

20.1. Date

20.2. Critterden Plan

20.3. A plan developed by Senator John j. crittenden of Kentucky to compromise with the south one last time. it was presented to congress in late February ,1861 while the south was forming its new government but it did not pass.

21. The economy of the north and south

21.1. Date

21.2. The economy of the north and south

21.3. The north was industrial with factories and paid little. The south was agriculture with large cotton fields and small farms. Slave labor was used in the south.