Theories

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Theories by Mind Map: Theories

1. Learning Theories

1.1. Connectivism

1.1.1. Thinking and emotions are connected

1.1.2. Process of connecting sources of information

1.1.3. Intention of having accurate and up-to-date knowledge

1.1.4. Decision-making is a learning process

1.1.5. Creation (rather than consumption) of knowledge

1.1.6. Students are learning in the connective era; teachers need to facilitate learning by encouraging and allowing students to make connections with class topic to life experiences and other resources.

1.2. Constructivism

1.2.1. Based in philosophy, psychology, sociology, and education

1.2.2. Human learning is constructed

1.2.3. Build new knowledge of foundation of previous knowledge

1.2.4. Active learning accommodates new knowledge

1.2.5. Learners assumes responsibility of their own learning... teacher is a facilitator

1.2.6. Can be collaborative (using multiple foundations from peers to form new understanding)

1.3. Cognitive Load

1.3.1. Limited working memory able to handle 7 disconnected thoughts at one time, but can become overloaded; learning cannot occur if working memory is "overloaded"

1.3.2. Long term memory is limitless, and assists working memory through the use of schemas

1.3.3. Information not considered "learned" until it has been filed into a schema in the long term memory

2. Technology Theories

2.1. Media Ecology

2.1.1. Media environments play leading role

2.1.2. Technology interacts with and influences people

2.1.3. New, young theory still being developed; no coherent framework

2.1.4. Students and teachers need to be aware of how different media environments may effect them

2.2. SCOT: Social Construction of Technology

2.2.1. Technology does not determine human action, humans shape technology

2.2.2. Analyzes the cause-and-effect of technology

2.2.2.1. But who defines success and failure?

2.2.3. How can teachers affect technology for their students?

2.3. TPACK

2.3.1. Technological, Pedagogical, and Content Knowledge

2.3.2. Framework identifying knowledge teachers need to effectively teach with technology

2.3.3. How the knowledge of how to use technology, how to teach effectively, and knowledge about subject content are important separately, but as well as when in combination

2.3.4. TPACK is when technological, content, and pedagogical knowledge are used most effectively in combination with each other

2.4. Philosophy of Teachnology

2.4.1. Teacher's personal philosophy about how they use technology as a teaching tool

2.4.2. Best ways technology can be used?

2.4.2.1. Alignment (with learning objectives, stay on track!)

2.4.2.2. Accessibility (for students and teachers; make sure you know how to use the technology, and make sure students have access to programs etc. if you assign readings or assignments using them)

2.4.2.3. Assessment (don't let technology replace assessment.... have worksheets and discussions after films, and posting guidelines/rubrics for online discussion boards)

2.4.2.4. Reinforcement (technology should support and supplement lesson, but not be a reiteration. ie. powerpoint slides should not match lecture word for word)