Chapter 9: Development

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Chapter 9: Development by Mind Map: Chapter 9: Development

1. Demographic Transition

1.1. Stage 1

1.1.1. High CBR and CDR

1.1.2. Low population growth

1.1.3. Hunting & Gathering

1.1.4. No longer any countries in stage 1

1.1.5. Close ex. Burkina Faso

1.2. Stage 2

1.2.1. Brought about by the Agricultural Revolution

1.2.2. CDR declines sharply

1.2.3. High population growth

1.2.4. Ex. Turkey

1.3. Stage 3

1.3.1. Brought about by the Industrial/Medical Revolution

1.3.2. CBR decline

1.3.3. Medium population growth

1.3.4. Ex. Japan

1.4. Stage 4

1.4.1. Low CBR and CDR

1.4.2. Low population growth

1.4.3. Ex. United States

2. Indicators of Development

2.1. Economic

2.1.1. Types of jobs

2.1.1.1. Primary Sector (agriculture & resources)

2.1.1.2. Secondary Sector (manufacturing)

2.1.1.3. Tertiary sector (services)

2.1.2. Worker productivity

2.1.3. Availability of consumer goods

2.1.4. GDP per capita

2.2. Social

2.2.1. Literacy Rate

2.2.2. Amount of Education

2.2.3. Health & Welfare

2.3. Demographic

2.3.1. Life Expectancy

2.3.2. Infant Mortality Rate

2.3.3. Natural Increase Rate

2.3.4. Crude Birth Rate

3. Human Development Index (HDI)

3.1. Indicates the level of development of a country based on economic, social, and demographic factors

4. MDC & LDC Distribution

4.1. More Developed Countries' Regions

4.1.1. North America: HDI 0.95

4.1.2. Europe: HDI 0.93

4.1.3. Russia: HDI 0.73

4.1.4. Japan: HDI 0.96

4.1.5. Oceania: HDI 0.90

4.2. Less Developed Countries' Regions

4.2.1. Latin America: HDI 0.82

4.2.2. East Asia: HDI 0.77

4.2.3. Southwest Asia & North Africa: HDI 0.74

4.2.4. Southeast Asia: HDI 0.73

4.2.5. Central Asia: HDI 0.70

4.2.6. South Asia: HDI 0.61

4.2.7. Sub-Saharan Africa: HDI 0.51

5. Development through Self-Sufficiency vs. Development through International Trade

5.1. Self-Sufficiency

5.1.1. Pros

5.1.1.1. Keeping cultural values

5.1.2. Cons

5.1.2.1. Hard to fund a new economy

5.2. International Trade

5.2.1. Pros

5.2.1.1. Loans/borrowed money

5.2.1.2. Access to foreign resources

5.2.2. Cons

5.2.2.1. Loss of culture

5.2.2.2. Domino effect