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eJournalism by Mind Map: eJournalism

1. Born Digital

1.1. Mobile

1.1.1. iPhone Augmented Reality Layar

1.1.2. SMS

1.2. Web Applications

1.2.1. Google Reader Maps Google Docs Gmail Calendar Ngram Google Plus

1.2.2. Web Video YouTube

1.2.3. Podcasting Audacity Journalists Tool kit Vocaroo SoundCloud

1.2.4. Wikispaces

1.2.5. Streaming UStream LiveStream

1.2.6. eNewsletters Spundge Storify NoozDesk

1.2.7. Blogging Wordpress Blogger Twitter Library of Congress Media entity Tumblr

1.2.8. Collaborative writing Google Docs Paste Bin Etherpad Little Outliner

1.2.9. PhotoJournalism Flickr Instagram yFrog Picassa Creative Commons Steganography and WaterMarking OpenPuff

1.2.10. Social networking Zotero Facebook Reddit

1.2.11. VOIP Google Voice Skype

1.2.12. Web pages Wikis Wikispaces PBWiki Sites WetPaint Mediawiki Interactive web pages Weebly Wix Disqus

1.2.13. Visualizations Mindmeister

1.2.14. RSS Reader Feedly Roll your own Yahoo Pipes

2. Theoretical foundations

2.1. FON

2.1.1. Clay Shirky Cognitive Surplus Ushahiti LOL cats Shirky on McLuhan Definition Here Comes Everybody Organization of information used to be costly Organization of information now costs nothing Coasian Ceiling/Coasian flloor

2.1.2. Jay Rosen

2.1.3. Post-industrial Journalism

2.1.4. Howard Reingold

2.1.5. Dan Gillmor

2.1.6. Jeff Jarvis

2.2. Essential to Democratic Process

2.2.1. The 5th Estate

2.2.2. Corporate Media

2.2.3. Cultural imperialism

2.3. McLuhan

2.3.1. Understanding Media Mark Federman on Mcluhan On Reading McLuhan Ideas Tetrads Hot and Cool media Principle of medium equivalency Media

2.3.2. Laws of Media

2.3.3. McLuhan Now a code or a device. Like Northrup Frye, The Great Code.

2.3.4. McLuhan in Wired magazine

2.3.5. McLuhan for Beginners

2.4. Noam Chomsky

2.4.1. Manufacturing Consent Chapter One -- A Propaganda Model Five filters of editorial bias that determine what we get as news Trust me I'm Lying Chapter Two -- Worthy and Unworthy Victims Chapter 3 -- Legitimizing versus Meaningless: Third world elections in El Salvador, Guatemala, and Nicaragua Chapter 4 -- The KGB/Bulgarian plot to kill the Pope: Free market disinformation as "News" Chapter Five -- The Indochina Wars: Vietnam Chapter Six -- The Indochina Wars: Laos and Cambodia Chapter 7 -- Conclusions

2.4.2. 5filters Sourcing --mass media power 1% subsidizes media add have special access

2.5. Mark Federman

2.5.1. UCAPP

2.5.2. New Journalism in a UCPP age

3. Traditional Journalism

3.1. Radio

3.2. Television

3.2.1. The Future of Television

3.3. Print

3.3.1. "I don't believe what I read in the papers, they're just out to capture my dime"

3.3.2. Journalism 101 The News Manuals Reuters Handbook of Journalism

3.4. Convergent Journalism

3.4.1. Broadcast vs Participatory

3.4.2. OECD

3.5. News Agencies

3.5.1. CP

3.5.2. AP

3.5.3. Reuters

3.6. The beats

3.6.1. News Film at 11

3.6.2. Weather

3.6.3. Sports

4. Terms

4.1. Practices

4.1.1. Astroturf

4.1.2. Process Journalism

4.1.3. Churnalism

4.1.4. Veal pen

4.1.5. Advertorial

4.1.6. portmanteau

4.2. People

4.2.1. Griefers

4.2.2. hackers

4.2.3. lurkers

4.2.4. Spin doctors

5. New form Journalism

5.1. Citizens Journalism

5.1.1. Gonzo Journalism Hunter S. Thompson Fear and Loathing on the Campaign Trail Defining features Critique of mainstream media

5.1.2. Participatory Journalism Audience participation personal blogs Independent news and information websites Drudge Report Consumer Reports Full fledged participatory newsites Boing Boing Digital Journal Wiki journalism Collaborative and contributory sites Slashdot Reddit Thin media newsletters email lists Google groups listservs Personal Broadcasting sites Blogtalk Radio Ustream Newsletters

5.1.3. Guerrilla Journalism Tallin Manual on the Internationlal Law Applicable to Cyber Warefare Anti-coruption Mamdawrinch Activist/Journalist OWS Idlenomore

5.2. Ambient journalism

5.3. Crisis reporting

5.3.1. Ushahiti CrowdMaps

5.4. Data Journalism

5.4.1. Worldometers Google Trends

5.4.2. The Data Journalism Handbook

5.4.3. Data for Dummies Yahoo Pipes How to YouTuibe for Yahoo Pipes

5.4.4. Web scraping Twitter Scraping Geotaged maps Floating Sheep Maps Wikipedia edits Data Driven Documents Data Maps Geolocate IP addresses Wikipedia Recent Changes feed Wiki monitoring code The whole mashup on Github You could design a survey or create a program that surveys the available data

5.4.5. Coding for Data Journalists Code Academy

5.4.6. Pew Research Enter Fact Tank

5.4.7. Challenges to Data Journalism

5.5. Social Marketing

5.6. Process Journalism

5.6.1. Aggregate, filter, distribute

5.7. Hacker Journalism

5.7.1. Hacktivism

5.7.2. Code Academy Building and Scripting HTML

6. Critical Thinking

6.1. Fact Checking

6.1.1. Internet Detective

6.1.2. Snopes Urban Legends

6.2. Webproofing

6.2.1. Doxing

6.2.2. Phishing

6.2.3. Pharming

6.2.4. spoofing

6.2.5. Soching How to avoid social engineering

6.2.6. Baiting

6.2.7. Clickjacking Rickrolling

6.2.8. Cross site scripting

6.3. How to spot logical fallacies

6.3.1. Fallacies of Distraction

6.3.2. Appeals to Motives in Place of Support

6.3.3. Changing the Subject

6.3.4. Inductive Fallacies

6.3.5. Fallacies Involving Statistical Syllogisms

6.3.6. Causal Fallacies

6.3.7. Missing the Point

6.3.8. Fallacies of Ambiguity

6.3.9. Category Errors

6.3.10. Non Sequitur

6.3.11. Syllogistic Errors

6.3.12. Fallacies of Explanation

6.3.13. Fallacies of Definition

6.3.14. Infographic

6.4. 0polikuj1

7. Legal and Ethical Issues

7.1. Rights

7.1.1. Access to Information Not doing so good

7.1.2. Are journalists protected? Or is journalism protected? Who is a journalist? Someone who does journalism? Does that include bloggers or citizen journalists?

7.2. Responsibilities

7.2.1. Responsible communication

7.3. Code of Ethics

7.4. Protection of sources

7.4.1. Encryption Encrypt your Dropbox account Friends of Wikileaks TrueCrypt vs Encrypted Zip files Cryptocat SafeGmail Steganography and Watermarking Open Puff

7.4.2. Some guidelines from Wired Magazine. Reporting by computer Pay cash for a cheap Windows computer. Use it only for secure communications When communicating securely leave all of your devices and smart cards at home Go to a wireless location that has open Wifi and start a new anonymous Gmail account Pay cash for everything --do not use a card for coffee, transportation, anything Clear the browser's cookies, turn off the wifi before turning off the computer and remove the battery. Never use the computer on a network except when checking the press contact account from an open wifi connection away from your home and regular haunts. Reporting by phone Leave all electronic devices and cards at home Buy, or get someone else to buy a pre-paid cellphone with cash at a store with old looking security cams. Keep the phone turned off with the battery out at all times when not reporting When reporting go to another location leaving your other devices and cards at home If you need to dispose of phone or laptop, use a secure wipe application and then smash the device with a hammer. Dispose of the scraps in a garbage can far away from you

7.4.3. Unprecedented scrutiny of journalists

7.5. Defamation, Libel and Slander

7.5.1. Fact checking So you don't have to do this

7.6. Copyright

7.6.1. Law

7.6.2. Creative Commons

7.6.3. Watermarking

7.6.4. Disable CopyPaste

8. Schools, Institutes, Organizations

8.1. Poynter

8.2. Nieman

8.3. Knight

8.4. International Consortium for Investigative Journalism

8.5. Propublica

8.6. Canadian Journalists for Free Expression

8.7. Canadian Association of Journalists

9. Basic News Writing

9.1. Journalists job

9.1.1. Gatekeeper role-- decide what is news by deciding what to report

9.1.2. Reporting, writing, meeting deadlines

9.1.3. Make sure a clear separation exists between the new and the advertising.

9.1.4. Make sense out of numbers, offer comparisons

9.1.5. Story telling is a normal human function, everybody has a story

9.1.6. Present facts without judgement

9.2. ABC's

9.2.1. Accuracy A false story undercuts public trust

9.2.2. Brevity Each word should do its job Pretend that words cost $1.00 each Get to the point Don't be redundant

9.2.3. Clarity Avoid Jargon Explain everything that would not be obvious to an average person

9.3. The Five W's

9.3.1. Who

9.3.2. What

9.3.3. When Journalistic writing style

9.3.4. Where

9.3.5. Why

9.3.6. How

9.3.7. So What?

9.4. News Values

9.4.1. Nobody wants to read good news

9.4.2. Impact Number of people affected/number of cars wrecked

9.4.3. Proximity The closer you are the greater the news value. If it is flooding in Bangladesh is not as interesting as flooding in MB

9.4.4. Prominence Did it happen to the Mayor? To a celebrity?

9.4.5. Novelty Unusual, bizarre,the first, the last the only --once in a lifetime

9.4.6. Conflict War, politics and crime

9.4.7. Relevance Does it affect me?

9.4.8. Usefulness Can I use this information?

9.4.9. Human interest Could be weak on all of the other news values but still interesting. If people are talking (Tweeting) about it, it is news.

9.5. Objectivity and Fairness

9.5.1. Journalists job is to find the truth objectively Public needs truth to make effective decisions Stories must be unbiased (or the bias stated)

9.5.2. Fairness With a well written lead the story writes itself Recognize and acknowledge biases Consciously include other points of view even if you don't agree Use neutral language

9.5.3. Avoid logical fallacies Hasty generalizatons Non Sequitur logic doesn't follow False analogy Either/or falacy Suggestion that only two choices exist when there are more Faulty cause and effect reasoning Circular reasoning Instead of supporting conclusion with evidence, just restates the conclusion.

9.6. The lead (lede)

9.6.1. The start of the story Dos Keep it short never longer than 10 words (blog titles, Tweets) Focus on action Get to the point Hook the reader Don'ts Don't begin with the time, date or place, start with action, who did what Don't use rhetorical questions Don't start with a vague generality "According to.." Don't start with a direct quote Don't overstate the news. Watch for hyperbole and disaster words.

9.7. Timeliness

9.7.1. New is the biggest part of news

9.7.2. Even big stories last only a week

9.8. Nut graph

9.8.1. Nutshell paragraph Answers the questions "Why am I writing this, and why should the reader be interested?" How does the story affect the reader

9.9. Endings

9.9.1. Rounds out the story

9.9.2. Refers to the information in the lead


9.10.1. Let your sources tell the story Reporters voice sets the stage, quotes tell the story. Quotation marks indicate the sources own words Must still confirm the actual meaning of the quote to avoid information "taken out of context" Use full quotes, partial quotes leave room for misinterpretation Get concise quotes Indirect quotes convey the speaker meaning rather than replicate the words Verify questionable statements You may get the quote right but the person may be wrong. Try not to rely on one source only

9.11. Transitions

9.11.1. Paragraphs should flow

9.11.2. Story elements should be in a logical order, often chronological

9.11.3. Introductions between speakers

9.11.4. Setting the scene for new direction in the story