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Irritant Contact Dermatitis by Mind Map: Irritant Contact Dermatitis
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Irritant Contact Dermatitis

Epidemiology

Occupational Hazard

Prevalence

Environmental factors

Pathophysiology

Skin Barrier Disruption

Epidural Cellular Changes

Cytokin Release hones naïve T-lymphocytes to the skin

Risk Factors

Occupational Hazard of workers who handle irritants

Clinical Presentation

Redness

Cracking of skin

Dryness

inflamed

thickened

Diagnosis

No specific tests are necessary because ICD can be diagnosed by clinical examination

Adaptive Responses to alterations

Hardening or accommodation has been defined as the adaptation of the skin from altered local expression of multiple cytokines and inflammatory mediators with repeated irritation from skin irritants. Accommodated skin has a relatively thicker layer of stratum granulosum versus normal skin. Accommodated skin may exhibit a slight sheen and glossy appearance with a mild scale. On manipulation, there may also be a slight loss of elasticity

Etiology

Common cutaneous irritants

Complications

secondary neurodermatitis or lichen simplex chronicus (lichenification)

Infection

Prognosis

Good if there are no secondary complications and the person can avoid the irritant

References