Goldstein's Laughter Out of Place

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Goldstein's Laughter Out of Place by Mind Map: Goldstein's Laughter Out of Place

1. Chapter 2, The Aesthetics of Domination

1.1. Class, Culture, and the lives of Domestic workers

1.1.1. Middle class is defined as being able to employ a person for manual labor.

1.1.1.1. Employing as domestic worker is seen as a class marker.

1.1.2. Domestic work

1.1.2.1. Most domestic workers only earn one minimum wage salary a month.

1.1.2.2. Similar to being a slave.

1.1.3. The elite

1.1.4. Extreme inequalities in the distribution of wealth.

1.1.4.1. The school system is classed.

1.1.5. Resistance is in place.

2. Chapter 1, Laughter "Out of Place"

2.1. First Arrival

2.2. Scholar in Training

2.3. Carnival

2.4. Habits of Class and Domination

2.5. Return to Laughter

2.6. Rediscovering Rio de Janeiro

2.7. Writing Ethnography and Writing Poverty

3. Introduction, "Hard Laughter"

3.1. Humor as a theme for ethnography

3.2. People living in the shantytowns are often restricted to poverty beyond their control.

3.3. Laughter is everywhere despite harsh living conditions.

3.4. Humor as a force of power

4. Chapter 3, Color Blind Erotic Democracies, Black Consciousness Politics Politics, and the Black Cinderellas of Felicidade Eterna

4.1. The links between color and class

4.2. Race and class in America

4.3. Lack of civil rights movement in Brazil

4.4. Race

4.5. Ana Flavia Pecanha Azereda: A Black Cinderella?

4.6. The "Treasure Chest Coup": Female Fantasies of Seducing the Coroa

4.7. Representations and Commodifications of Black Bodies

4.8. Brazilian Sexuality: History, Representation, and Scholarship

4.9. Discourses (and silences) on race

4.10. Hierarchies of Beauty and Social Mobility

4.11. The Coroa and the Ideology of Whitening

4.12. Two Kisses

4.13. Internalized Racism and Social Mobility

4.14. Conclusions: Black Cinderella and Black Consciousness Politics

5. Chapter 4, No Time for Childhood

5.1. A Visit with Pedro Paulo at Ilha Grande Prison

5.2. The Killing Streets

5.3. Home Children, Street Children, and Institutionalized Children

5.4. Mirelli's Story

5.5. Lucas' Story

5.6. The Everyday Life of Children

5.7. Throwing out onto the Streets

5.8. Eating Shit in Favela

5.9. The "Protection" of Children

5.10. Childhood, Oppositional Culture, and the Idea of Resistance

5.11. Youth Culture and Resistance: Some Conclusions

6. Chapter 5, State Terror, Gangs, and Everyday Violence in Rio de Janeiro

6.1. Crime and Violence in Rio de Janeiro

6.2. The Local Gang and it's Leader

6.3. An Overview of Gangs

6.4. Drug-Trafficking Gangs in the Rio Context

6.5. A Chronology of Police-Bandit Relations

6.6. A New Dono

6.7. Bandits, Police, "Police-Bandits"

6.8. Revenge Practices

6.9. The Solution of "Private" Matters

6.10. Sexual Abuse

6.11. A case of Adultery

6.12. Gun Control

6.13. A Case of "Petty Theft"

6.14. Solution for an Abusive or Adulterous Husband

6.15. Rape of a Child

6.16. Alternative Justice in the "Brown Zones"

6.17. Policing in Brazil as Social Control of the Lower Classes

6.18. A Note on Oppositional Culture

6.19. The criminalization of the Poor

6.20. "Parallel States"

6.21. State and Bandits as Perpetrators of Violence

6.22. Returning to the Murder: The death of Adilson

6.23. Women, Oppositional Culture, and Religious Conversion

7. Chapter 6, Partial Truths, or the Carnivalization of Desire

7.1. Poverty and Sexuality

7.1.1. Discourses of Sex-Positiveness

7.1.1.1. Laughter offers a "Crack" in this view

7.1.1.2. Women in Felicidade Eterna avoid this standardized view with stories and laughter

7.1.2. Transgenders

7.1.3. The Carnivalization of Desire

7.1.3.1. Comer

7.1.3.1.1. Who's eating whom?

7.1.3.2. Mulher de rua

7.1.3.3. Galinhas y piranhas

7.1.4. Homosexuality

7.1.4.1. Upper Class Model

7.1.4.2. Lower Class Model

7.1.5. Feminist Sex Literature

7.2. Women expect men to be providers and will deprive sex if their needs are not met

7.2.1. Gloria and friends disagree

7.2.2. Some women use as an advantage

7.3. From Boys to Men: Normative Masculinization and Heterosexuality

7.3.1. Sex is free

7.3.2. Too long without sex leads to insanity

7.3.3. Boys are encouraged at a young age to be seducers

7.3.4. Zona

7.3.5. Double standard

7.4. Sacanagem, Transgression, and Female Boundary-Setting

7.4.1. A Not so Funny Joke

7.4.1.1. Step-Fathers seen as dangerous

7.4.2. Being away from the home as a young girl makes others think she is "flighty" or loose

7.4.3. Many women stay with abusers or "potential" abusers

8. Chapter 7, What's So Funny about Rape?

8.1. Marilia

8.2. Anita & Claudia were raped

8.2.1. Rape on children in a Shantytown= murder

8.2.2. They were living in a "real" neighborhood at the time

8.2.3. Gloria threatened to splash hot pepper on private areas if girls lost their virginity, or kick them out.

8.2.4. Gloria left her current boyfriend when he was more concerned with his material losses from that night.

8.3. Women either had protection by men at a high cost, or no protection at all.

8.4. Humor was found from fear of Gloria

8.5. A Note on the Legal Universe and Rape

8.6. Black humor

8.6.1. Can only be understood in its place

8.6.2. It is now understood as a coping mechanism

8.7. Conclusions

8.7.1. Laughter has a taste of justice

8.7.2. How do we extend a democratic rule of law to the lower classes?