Chapter 4: NO TIME FOR CHILDHOOD

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Chapter 4: NO TIME FOR CHILDHOOD by Mind Map: Chapter 4: NO TIME FOR CHILDHOOD

1. A VISIT WITH PEDRO PAULO AT ILHA GRANDE PRISON

1.1. prison is the Devil's Cauldron

1.2. She was introduced as filha branch

1.2.1. "white daughter"

1.3. Pedro Paulo

1.3.1. Gloria's first born son

1.3.2. liked reggae music

1.3.2.1. liked the music but also the politics that went along with reggae music

1.3.3. described as a young energetic man who is filled with anger

1.3.3.1. told his girlfriend is she had an abortion he would kill her

1.3.4. believed the man was resposible for feeding the family

1.3.4.1. as long as he could provide he was allowed many women

1.3.5. released from jail in 1995

1.3.5.1. he joined street gang

1.3.5.2. taught his son about different types of gangs

1.3.5.3. shot and killed shortly after being released

1.3.6. was a leader of the Comando Vermelho

1.3.6.1. imperialist drug/trafficking gang

1.4. Visitor's stayed the night with the prisoners

2. THE KILLING STREETS

2.1. Social Segregation: seen as a useful tool to separate upper/middle class from lower class violence

2.1.1. So that the upper/middle class is kept safe

2.1.2. the poor make the upper/middle class scared and uncomfprtable

2.2. There is an organization of death squads killing street children

2.2.1. In 1993 off-duty police killed 7 homeless boys and wounded 2 others who were asleep in front of a church in the middle of Rio de Janeiro.

2.2.2. Candelaria Massacre

2.3. There were higher walls used for protection

3. HOME CHILDREN, STREET CHILDREN, AND INSTITUTIONALIZED CHILDREN

3.1. Children are recruited for doing the dirty work for the organized favela groups

3.1.1. This is because they are known for getting a lesser/restricted sentence

3.1.2. Children can be abused by the same gang that recruited them

3.1.3. seen as criminals who are adding to the population of violence

3.2. Children are viewed as a nuisance to the Middle/Upper class Brazilians

3.3. Nurturing Children vs Nurtured Children

3.3.1. Nurturing children are poor and take on serious responsibilities at a young age

3.3.2. Nurtured Children are from middle-class families and they are coddled

3.4. Mother's worry their children will become street children

3.4.1. Because streets can be seen as more pleasurable than crowded households

3.5. Poor children can work and become economic providers for the family

3.6. there are 200,000 children living in the streets

4. MIRELLI'S STORY

4.1. Mirelli is Gloria's favorite god daughter whose parents were both alcoholics

4.2. Lost her mother because of a card game

4.3. Mirelli feels she never had a childhood because she and her sister slept on the streets

4.4. At about 14-years-old she left the Funabem and started having children of her own

5. LUCA'S STORY

5.1. Establish the Project Administration Procedures

5.2. went to live with Gloria even though Gloria was suffering with 8 of her own kids

6. THE EVERYDAY LIFE OF CHILDREN

6.1. Children should go to school, stay out of trouble, clean and do chores around the house and bathe.

6.2. They can become the main providers

6.3. Gloria's children were for the most part well behaved and knew what they were expected to do

6.3.1. Sometimes they suffered form the harsh had of Gloria and her strict approach to discipline

7. THROWING OUT ONTO THE STREETS

7.1. Gloria did not stand for disobedience she would easily throw a kid out onto the streets

7.2. At 15 her children were seen as adults who can take care of themselves (Filomena)

8. EATING SHIT IN A FAVELA

8.1. Gloria worried that one of her boys would be at the wrong place/ wrong time

8.2. Her children left the house with dirty clothes and she didn't want them to be seen as street children

9. THE "PROTECTION" OF CHILDREN

9.1. Dilamr = had of the gang in the favela

9.1.1. Gloria was worried Dilamr would have a negative affect on her children

9.2. all about discipline

9.2.1. this will keep them away from prison and keep the children alive.

10. CHILDHOOD, OPPOSITIONAL CULTURE, AND THE IDEA OF RESISTANCE

10.1. Poor children are not treated as children except at very young age

10.2. Children enter the workforce before becoming the legal age

10.2.1. They know what it means to work hard for their LOW wages

10.3. Middle/Upper class children shun the thought of manual labor

10.3.1. never work minimu-wage or low-wage jobs

10.3.2. experience class associated forms of adolescent rebellion

11. DONNA M. GOLDSTEIN LAUGHTER OUT OF PLACE