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LOOP (CHAPTERS 4 & 5) by Mind Map: LOOP (CHAPTERS 4 & 5)

1. A visit with Pedro Paulo at Ihla Grande Prison

1.1. Gloria's first born son meets Donna

2. The Killing Streets

2.1. Gunmen were killing innocent street children and depicting them as dangerous criminals

3. Home Children, Street Children, and Institutionalized Children

3.1. The focus on children living in the street of Recife, as well as the elements of struggle faced by children living within favela households

4. Mirelli's Story

4.1. Started off as a struggle but then had a happy ending

5. Lucas's Story

5.1. Lucas was taken in by Gloria after her mother died and it was apparent he came from an impoverished situation

6. The everyday life of children

6.1. Gloria was very strict to the children in her household on purpose

7. Throwing onto the streets

7.1. Gloria strongly believes that she could help her children through discipline and hard work

8. Eating shit in a favela

8.1. Gloria always tried to keep tabs on her children and safely removed from trouble on the street

9. The "protection" of children

9.1. The harsh discipline within the household would protect the children, keep them in line, out of prison, and alive

10. Childhood, oppositional culture, and the idea of resistance

10.1. Young men growing up in bad circumstances have a high mortality rate

11. Youth culture and resistance: some conclusions

11.1. The hope of gloria's struggle for her children's survival is all in the way she acts

12. Crime and Violence in Rio De Janeiro

12.1. The levels of violence and crime across classes and suffering are experienced differently according to class, race, gender, and location

13. The local gang and it's leader

13.1. Felicidade Eterna consisted of Dilmar and a few young men

14. An overview of gangs

14.1. The gang's presence was a nuisance for some young men because they meant they had to watch carefully to stay out of these gangs

15. Drug-trafficking gangs in the rio context

15.1. Felicidade Eterna originated as a land invasion around 1978

16. A chronology of police-bandit relations: lulu and ivo

16.1. Dilmar was murdered by members of his own gang

17. A new dono

17.1. Breno, Dilmar's murderer, returned to Felicidad Eterna. Later, Bren's brother was murdered.

18. Bandits, Police, "Police-Bandits"

18.1. The term captures the meaning that what is taken for granted about police is their absolute corruption

19. Revenge Practices

19.1. People get the sense that one can never tell what kind of justice will be administered

20. The solution of "private" matters

20.1. In 1998 it was discovered that a man in FE was sexually abusing his two stepdaughters. The gang members then proceeded to beat him up. There was also a case of adultery and a three year old girl that was raped

21. Alternative justice in the "brown zones"

21.1. The brown zones depend on the gangs to provide an alternative rule of law but also to fill in wherever else the state needs it

22. Policing in Brazil as social control of the lower classes

22.1. The labor marker needs to accommodate young, uneducated men only in the poorly paid service work

23. A note on oppositional culture

23.1. This is a response to long-term, historically conditioned economic oppression

24. The disdain for the police

24.1. The lower classes's disdain for the civil and military police forces has been a both historical and contemporary explanation

25. The criminalization of the poor

25.1. The diffirential experience of the rule of law on a day-to-day basis and the naturalization of this difference by the middle classes and the elite are part of the ideological system

26. "Parellel states"

26.1. In these states social bandits arrive and are successful in the absence of a reliable state

27. State and bandits as perpetrators of violence

27.1. Mingardi shows how the process of democratic consolidation will be considerably slower and mutes than if manifestations are merely part of a long-term evolution of a democratic state

28. Returning to the murder "The death of Adilson"

28.1. "Revenge is a plate that eats one cold"