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Theories by Mind Map: Theories

1. Developmental Domains

1.1. Physical-Motor

1.1.1. Gross Motor

1.1.2. Fine Motor

1.1.3. Perceptual Motor

1.2. Affective

1.2.1. Social

1.2.2. Emotional

1.2.3. Creative

1.2.4. Spititual

1.3. Intellectual

1.3.1. Communication Cognitive Language

2. Nature vs. Nurture

2.1. Nature

2.1.1. born good

2.2. Nurture

2.2.1. tabula rasa

3. Psychodynamic Theory

3.1. Sigmund Freud

3.1.1. Psychoanalytic Theory sexual drive survival instincts destructiveness

3.1.2. Psychosexual Development Oral Birth - 2 Mouth as a source of pleasure Eating and Teething Anal 2-3 Bowel Movements as a source of pleasure Potty Training Phallic 3-6 Genitals source of pleasure Conscience development Latency 6-12 Sexual forces dormant Schoolwork and sports Genital 12-18 Genitals source of pleasure

3.1.3. Personality ID seeks satisficaiton Ego sense of self Superego right and wrong

3.2. Erik Erikson

3.2.1. Psychosocial Theory Trust vs. Mistrust Newborns Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt Toddlers Initiative vs. Guilt Childhood Competence (or industry) vs. Inferiority School Search for identity vs. Role confusion Adolescence Intimacy (love and friendship) vs. Isolation (loneliness) Young Adulthood Generativity (caring for next generation) vs. Stagnation Grown- ups Intergrity vs. Despair Old Age

4. Behaviorism Theory

4.1. Classical Conditioning

4.1.1. Ques a behavior at a specific stimului

4.2. Operant Conditioning

4.2.1. Positive Reinforcer

4.2.2. Negative Reinforcer

4.3. Modeling

4.3.1. Observational learning

5. Cognitive Theory

5.1. Jean Piaget

5.1.1. Thinking and learning are an interaction between the person and the enviroment Sensorimotor stage 0-2 Preoperational stage 2-6 or 7 Concrete operational stage 6 - 12 Formal operational stage 12- Adulthood

5.1.2. Assimilation adding new to the old

5.1.3. Accommodation tweaking old information to fit new views

5.1.4. Equilibration making sense of experiences

6. Sociocultral Theory

6.1. Zone of proximal development

6.1.1. learn difficult things with help

6.2. Scaffolding

6.2.1. support in learning

6.3. Private speech

6.3.1. self talk

6.4. Vygotsky

7. Ecological Theory

7.1. Urie Bronfenbrenner

8. Multiple Intelligence Theory

8.1. Howard Gardner

8.1.1. Musical Intelligence think in music and keep a tune

8.1.2. Bodily - Kinesthetic Intelligence use all parts of body to solve problems or make something

8.1.3. Logical - Mathematical Intelligence thinking in a logical linear pattern, understanding principles

8.1.4. Linguistic Intellegence use language to express things

8.1.5. Spatial Intelligence people who can do mind maps without a computer

8.1.6. Interpersonal Intelligence work well in groups

8.1.7. Intrapersonal Intelligence understand yourself

8.1.8. Naturalist Intelligence sensitivity to nature

8.1.9. Existential Intelligence considering beyond

9. Humanistic Theory

9.1. Maslow

9.1.1. Hierarchy of needs