7 Aspects of Civilization By: Taylor Williams Cora Pietila Andrea Choate

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7 Aspects of Civilization By: Taylor Williams Cora Pietila Andrea Choate by Mind Map: 7 Aspects of Civilization By: Taylor Williams Cora  Pietila  Andrea Choate

1. Arts & Education

1.1. Indus valley

1.1.1. Nile

1.1.1.1. Artisians worked on metal work, pottery, basketry

1.1.1.1.1. pyramids were made from iron resources sold through trade

1.1.1.2. they used pictographs or picture symbols

1.1.2. characters found in indus writings are part of our alphabet

1.1.3. made pottery and jewelry

1.1.4. had a writing system

2. Science & Technology

2.1. Nile

2.1.1. They would keep track of the moon every night so they would know when the next flood was coming

2.1.2. They would make pyramids

2.1.3. created a 365 day clender

2.1.4. delveloped early geometry to help with buliding

2.2. Indus valley

2.2.1. public drainage system

2.2.2. streets ran in a grid pattern with major avenues being twice as wide as minor streets

2.2.3. irrigation systems

2.2.4. invented preicse measuring and weighing equipment

3. Government & Leaders

3.1. Nile

3.1.1. government consisted of rulers from the same family called dynasties

3.1.2. had kings or pharaohs

3.1.3. organized officials who supervised everything in the city

3.1.4. powerful military and systems of justice

3.2. Indus Valley

3.2.1. single society

3.2.2. had a central authority

3.2.3. war leader that protected its people

3.2.4. shared tool designs

4. Social structure & Family life

4.1. Nile

4.1.1. in a family everyone would have a hard working job to do

4.1.1.1. women apeared to enjoy a high status in Kush

4.1.2. king,ruling class, craftsmen, farmers, marginalized groups, and slaves

4.1.2.1. female rulers were not uncommon

4.2. Indus Valley

4.2.1. four social classes called varnas

4.2.2. varnas were divided into many castes

4.2.3. castes determined your marriage

4.2.4. your caste was sometimes determined by your job

5. Economy & Trade

5.1. Nile

5.1.1. imported many goods from different places

5.1.1.1. Iron had a big part in trade for good for the pyramids

5.1.2. river was essential to trade

5.2. Indus valley

5.2.1. they traded with distant civilizations

5.2.2. they focused on agriculture

5.2.3. herded livestock

5.2.4. traded medal work and pottery

6. Religion

6.1. Nile

6.1.1. believed in many gods

6.1.2. believed in an afterlife

6.1.3. a pharaoh was god in human form

6.1.4. Ra, the sun god, was the most important god to them

6.2. Indus Valley

6.2.1. Prayed to a single eternal spirit, Indra

6.2.1.1. priest burned food and drink through different rituals

6.2.2. made fire sacrifices and held many other rituals

7. Geography & Agriculture

7.1. Indus Valley

7.1.1. people depended on monsoons to bring the water that thier crops needed

7.1.1.1. Decline of Indus civilization caused repeated floodings

7.1.2. Repeated floodings caused delcine of Indus civilization

7.1.3. wheat and barley were primary crops

7.1.4. domesticated animals

7.2. Nile

7.2.1. seas around the Nile protected the civilization from war and disease

7.2.2. river flooded every year and bought very fertile soil for farming

7.2.3. river was used for trade