7 Aspects of Civilization

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7 Aspects of Civilization by Mind Map: 7 Aspects of Civilization

1. Arts and Education

1.1. Egypt (Nile)

1.1.1. Paintings illustrate stories of the gods. (Gods and pharoahs drawn much larger than other people)

1.1.2. Egyptian statues made to look like gods or pharoahs to show the power and majesty of their subjects.

1.1.3. Egyptians were interested in math ans science for their practical applications and had a basic understanding of arithmetic.

1.1.4. Main writing system was hieroglyphics, which used symbols to represent sounds,objects, and ideas. (One of the world's first writing systems.)

1.2. Indus Valley

1.2.1. Gold, terra-cotta, and stone figurines of women is dance poses show some prescence of dance.

1.2.2. A harp-like instrument portrayed on an Indus seal and two shell objects reveal the use of stringed musical instruments.

1.2.3. Typical Indus inscriptions are no longer than four or five characters, most of which are tiny.

1.2.4. Before 400 and 600 Indus symbols have been found on seals, small tables, ceramic pots, and many other materials.

2. Social Structure and Family Life

2.1. Egypt

2.1.1. The top of the social structure is the Pharaoh and the royal family. The bottom of the structure are the peasant farmers then the slaves.

2.1.2. Pharaohs married their blood-the father was the head of the house-poor family's lived in huts, wealthier family's lived in brick homes and noble family's lived in palaces.

2.1.3. Women take care of the home and children, women also have many rights. Not many children received an education however the majority who received education were boys.

2.1.4. In their free time they played many sports as well as board games.

2.2. Indus Valley

2.2.1. The upper class were priests and soldiers. The middle class were farmers and tradesmen. And the lower class were servants and casual laborers.

2.2.2. Most of the people were poor, though the richest were the ones with the most land.

2.2.3. The rich kept slaves or servants.

2.2.4. Women were significant, however their main purpose was childbirth.

2.2.5. Sons were more important then daughters.

3. Government and Leaders

3.1. Egypt

3.1.1. Close relationship of government and religion may have contributed to Ancient Egypt's power.

3.1.2. Officials included a vizier, chief treasurer (taxes were paid in goods and labor), minister of public works, and army commander.

3.1.3. Government remained consistent most of the time.

3.1.4. Pharaoh controlled government, a theocracy, and was considered a god.

3.2. Indus Vally

3.2.1. There is somewhat of a mystery about the government, but we know that there is some sort of centeral government because most of cities were laid out the same.

3.2.2. Rajah's were the rulers of individual cities. One Rajah per city.

3.2.3. Like Egypt, religion and government were intertwined.

3.2.4. It is thought that there was a autocratic government because of the large buildings that were constructed.

4. Science and Technology

4.1. Indus Valley

4.1.1. Among the first to develop a system of uniform weights and measures.

4.1.2. Indus Civilization achieved great accuracy in measuring length, mass, and time.

4.1.3. Most Indus Valley cities were made from mud bricks.

4.1.3.1. First the brick-makers mixed soil, clay and water to make squishy mud. Next they squashed the mud into a wooden mould which was the shape of a brick. And then they turned out the mud-brick.

4.1.4. Developed carts and boats to help trade

4.2. Egypt (Nile)

4.2.1. Created the first 365-day calendar based on astrology.

4.2.2. Developed early geometry used for field and canal structure.

4.2.3. Hieroglyphics were produced to communicate and record their civilization.

4.2.4. More effective medicines and treatments were invented

4.2.4.1. Splints for broken limbs

4.2.4.2. Effective treatments for fever and wounds

4.2.4.3. Checking for pulse

4.2.4.4. In some cases surgery was used

5. Religion

5.1. Egypt

5.1.1. Worshiped many Gods but some were central to their religion.

5.1.2. Built temples to honor Gods.

5.1.3. Performed rituals to fulfill Gods needs (only the priests did this).

5.1.4. When the physical body dies, a force named the ka escaped.

5.2. Indus Valley

5.2.1. The people of Indus Valley had a primitive religious system.

5.2.2. The Indus Valley people built large bathhouses, and practiced ritual bathing.

5.2.3. The main Goddess was the goddess representing fertility.

5.2.4. At first they buried the dead but then they started cremating people because they believed their gods would take the ashes to heaven.

6. Economy and Trade

6.1. Indus Valley

6.1.1. The economy relied heavily on the trading that happened within the community as well as with the Mesopotamian's

6.1.2. Indus Valley lived by trade

6.1.3. Traders brought the materials workers needed, and took away finished goods to trade in other cities.

6.1.4. Trade goods included terracotta pots, beads, gold and silver, coloured gem stones such as turquoise and lapis lazuli, metals, flints (for making stone tools), seashells and pearls.

6.2. Egypt (Nile)

6.2.1. The economy relied on the crops grown due annual flooding of the Nile, restoring the soil's fertility

6.2.2. Egyptians were masters of trade and Egypt was a center of trade.

6.2.3. Egyptians and their trading partners sailed along the Nile River to trade their goods

7. Geography and Agriculture

7.1. Egypt

7.1.1. The Nile is the most important river, it floods every year bringing rich fertile soil to farm.

7.1.2. Irrigation was also important and first occurred naturally. It was so important that was part in affirming the soul.

7.1.3. Crops included wheat, barley, emmer, flax, and castor oil (which was sometimes used as money.)

7.1.4. The land around the Nile was divided into two parts. The Black Land was where life was sustained and civilization flourished. The Red Land was the desert.

7.2. Indus Valley

7.2.1. Crops included wheat, peas, rice, cotton and barley.

7.2.2. Like the Nile, Indus Valley was centered around a river and was surrounded by highlands, an ocean, and the desert.

7.2.3. Most of modern day Indus Valley civilization is in Pakistan.

7.2.4. Also grew fruit such as dates, grapes, and melons.