The history of the English

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The history of the English by Mind Map: The history of the English

1. Old English (450-1100 AD)

1.1. Germanic tribes spoke similar languages

1.2. did not sound or look like English today

1.2.1. Agree launch date

1.2.2. Finalize copy!

1.3. the most commonly used words in Modern English have Old English roots

1.3.1. Water

1.3.2. Be

1.3.3. Strong

2. Middle English (1100-1500)

2.1. In 1066 William the Conqueror invaded and conquered England

2.2. the Normans brought with them a kind of French

2.2.1. the language of the Royal Court

2.3. It was the language of the great poet Chaucer

2.4. had many French words

3. Varieties of English

3.1. American English is more like the English of Shakespeare than modern British English is

3.2. Spanish also had an influence on American English

3.2.1. canyon, ranch, stampede.

3.3. Flags and Icons

3.4. French words (through Louisiana)

3.5. West African words (through the slave trade)

3.6. Australian English, New Zealand English, Canadian English, South African English, Indian English and Caribbean English.

3.7. Australian English, New Zealand English, Canadian English, South African English, Indian English and Caribbean English.

4. Modern English

4.1. Early Modern English (1500-1800)

4.1.1. started, with vowels being pronounced shorter and shorter.

4.1.2. Printing also brought standardization to English.

4.1.3. Spelling and grammar became fixed

4.1.4. In 1604 the first English dictionary was published.

4.2. Late Modern English (1800-Present)

4.2.1. Late Modern English has many more words, arising from two principal factors

4.2.1.1. the Industrial Revolution and technology

4.2.1.2. the British Empire at its height covered one quarter of the earth's surface