Rome's Greatest Defeat

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Rome's Greatest Defeat by Mind Map: Rome's Greatest Defeat

1. Adrianople 378 AD - Modern Day Thrace

1.1. Number of soldiers

1.1.1. Romans

1.1.1.1. Valens had about 30,000 soldiers (10% of the entire Roman army)

1.1.2. Goths

1.1.2.1. Fritigern had about 25,000 Gothic soldiers

1.2. Military Leaders

1.2.1. Romans Emperor Valens

1.2.1.1. Wanted glory for the victory himself

1.2.2. Gothic Leader Fritigern

1.3. Mistakes

1.3.1. Valens underestimated the number of Goths

1.3.1.1. Gothic cavalry was awake looking for food

1.4. Advantages

1.4.1. Goths

1.4.1.1. Had a strong cavalry

1.4.1.2. Surprised the Romans with cavalry

1.5. Effects

1.5.1. Led to development/dominance of the heavy cavalry (predecessor to the knight)

1.5.2. Increased barbarian invasion into Western Roman Empire (and eventual fall)

1.5.2.1. Barbarians no longer afraid of Romans

2. Cannae 216 BC

2.1. Number of Soldiers

2.1.1. Carthage

2.1.1.1. 40,000 - 50,000

2.1.2. Romans

2.1.2.1. 80,000

2.2. Military Leaders

2.2.1. Carthage

2.2.1.1. Hannibal

2.2.2. Romans

2.2.2.1. Varro

2.2.2.1.1. Wants full on War

2.2.2.1.2. Hannibal wants to fight him

2.2.2.2. Paulus

2.2.2.2.1. Didn't want to be lured into a trap

2.3. Mistakes

2.3.1. Varro fell into Hannibals trap by getting surrounded.

2.4. Advantages/Disadvantages

2.4.1. Romans out nm. the Carthaginians 2 to 1.

2.4.2. Romans were on their own soil.

2.5. Effects

2.5.1. Romans lost 10% of their army

3. Teutoburg Forest 9AD

3.1. Number of Soldiers

3.1.1. Roman

3.1.1.1. 20,000-36,000 3 Legions

3.1.2. Germanic Tribes

3.1.2.1. 12,000-32,000

3.2. Military Leaders

3.2.1. Germanic Leader- Arminius

3.2.2. Roman General- Varus

3.3. Mistakes

3.3.1. Romans

3.3.1.1. Trusted Arminius

3.3.1.2. Went into the forest vulnerable

3.3.2. Germanic

3.3.2.1. None

3.4. Advantages/Disadvantages

3.4.1. Germanic Tribes

3.4.1.1. Knew the forest

3.4.1.2. Varus trusted Arminius

3.4.2. Romans

3.4.2.1. Couldn't fight in formation

3.4.2.2. Surprised

3.5. Effects

3.5.1. Stopped Roman Expansion

3.5.2. Split Cultures

3.5.3. Romans lost 10% of their forces