Biology

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Biology by Mind Map: Biology

1. pH

1.1. 0-6 Acidic

1.2. 7- Neutral

1.3. 8-14 Bases

2. Cellular Basis of Life

2.1. Water

2.1.1. Properties

2.1.1.1. Cohesion

2.1.1.2. Adhesion

2.1.1.3. Low Vapor Pressure

2.1.1.4. High Surface Tension

2.1.1.5. High Specific Heat

2.1.1.6. High Heat of Vaporization

2.1.1.7. Less Dense as a Solid

2.2. Carbs

2.3. Proteins

2.4. Biological Macromolecules

2.4.1. Carbohydrates

2.4.1.1. Sugars

2.4.1.2. Starch

2.4.1.3. Cellulose

2.4.1.4. Monosaccharides , Disaccharides, or Polysaccharides.

2.4.2. Lipids

2.4.2.1. Triglyceride: 3 fatty acids + glycerol

2.4.2.2. Saturated vs. Unsaturated

2.4.2.3. Phospholipids: 2 fatty acids + glycerol+ phosphate group

2.4.2.4. Steroids

2.4.3. Proteins

2.4.3.1. Amino acid chain -> polypeptide -> protein

2.4.4. Nucleic Acids

2.4.4.1. DNA

2.5. Monosacchrides

2.5.1. Simple sugar that contains carbon hydrogen and oxygen

2.5.2. Glucose

2.5.2.1. The main source of energy for cells

2.5.3. Fructose

2.5.3.1. Found in fruits and is the sweetest of all monosaccharides

2.5.4. Galactose

2.5.4.1. Found in milk and is usually combined with glucose of fructose

2.6. Disaccharides & Polysaccharides

2.6.1. A double sugar that is formed when two monosaccharides combine in a condensation reaction

2.6.2. D - A complex molecule composed of three or more monosaccharides. These are used for structures protecting the cell or the whole organism.

2.6.3. P - A complex molecule composed of three or more monosaccharides. These are used for structures protecting the cell or the whole organism.

3. Scientific Inquiry

3.1. Scientific Method

3.1.1. Observation

3.1.2. Hypothesis

3.1.3. Prediction

3.1.4. Conclusion

3.1.5. Variables

3.1.6. Controls

3.1.7. Procedure

3.1.8. Micorscope

3.1.8.1. Assistance to the procedure

4. Cells

4.1. Theory

4.1.1. All living things are made of cells

4.1.2. Cells are the basic unit of structure and function in an organism

4.1.3. Cells come only from the reproduction of existing cells

4.2. Types

4.2.1. Animal

4.2.2. Plant

4.2.3. Bacteria

4.3. Number of Cells

4.3.1. Unicellular - composed of one cell only

4.3.2. Multicellular - composed of many cells that may be organised into different types

4.4. Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic Cells

4.4.1. Prokaryotic: All Bacteria, do not have nucleus

4.4.2. Eukaryotic: DNA contained inside a nucleus

4.5. Organelles

4.5.1. A tiny "organ" of a cell that performs a specific job for a cell

4.5.2. Mitochondrion

4.5.2.1. An organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which the biochemical processes of respiration and energy production occur

4.6. Parts of Cell

4.6.1. Cell Wall

4.6.2. Cell Membrane

4.6.3. Cytoplasm

4.6.4. Nucleus

4.6.5. Plastids