Laughter Out of Place Intro & Ch. 1: Methodology

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Laughter Out of Place Intro & Ch. 1: Methodology by Mind Map: Laughter Out of Place Intro & Ch. 1: Methodology

1. Oral Culture (Black Humor)

1.1. -Class-based suffering -'exhibits a similar sense of 'black humor" (p. 12) -celebrations such as Carnival bring all classes together

1.2. -"Words fly away" (p.4) meaning that with nothing set in stone to represent women, it gets lost in translation through generations

1.2.1. -"Black Humor" -inappropriate joking to lighten the mood of reality -seen as "sorrow" not true happiness ("If you don't laugh, you'll cry") -provided a "voice" to aid women in governmental affairs -a way to void the reality of disappointing life issues

1.2.1.1. ex) joking about death of family, diseases

1.3. -"laughing people" - group of people whom share stories and laughter amongst the privileged (p. 5)

2. Political/Economic History

2.1. -brief increase in wealth, but failed short and worsened the income

2.2. -strong cultural hegemony of elite over poor -various forms of governmental ruling (greatly due to issues within wealth): Brazilian monarchy, democracy, capitalism, Marxism, military dictators

2.3. Trades/Exports -sugar, tobacco, coffee -also popular within the slave trade -sugar is connected to 'transformation of social behavior' (p. 47)

2.4. -guerrilla groups developed (mainly elite) and pushed vast majority of other people out of the country (p. 54)

2.4.1. -used torture on middle and upper class people who were not used to it

3. Theoretical Foundation of Analysis

3.1. -'embodied effects of power': took on role of 'participant-observer' rather than simple data research -learned that the locals became invisible except when brought together with the elite (effects of power): legal issues, hospitalization, & prison (p. 1)

3.2. -'power experienced by the poor': done mainly through dry humor to make ease of painful situations -"humor is a very human way of putting such [hidden] truths on record" (p 8)

3.3. -class, family, sexuality, etc studied-- basis of poverty and creation of humor as a means to survive

4. Methodology

4.1. -participant-observer': worked to blend in with locals and to learn their lifestyle on a more intimate level

4.2. -interviews: reaches out to townspeople to learn via word-of-mouth -receives most of her information from Gloria -used 'humor' to survive brutalities of life -exemplified as one of the poorest of the slums -interestingly associated with people of all classes