2TT3 Midterm

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2TT3 Midterm by Mind Map: 2TT3 Midterm

1. Normative Ethics

1.1. Teleological Ethics

1.1.1. Consequentialism Utilitarianism Act Utilitarianism Rule Utilitarianism Preference Utilitarianism

1.1.2. Aristotle's Virtue Ethics

1.2. Deontological Ethics

1.2.1. Strong Deontological Kantian Categorical Imperative

1.2.2. Mixed Deontological Rossian

1.3. Feminist Ethics

1.3.1. Feminine Ethics

1.4. Ethical Pluralism

1.4.1. Rossian Ethics

2. Meta-ethics

2.1. Cognitivist

2.1.1. Naturalism

2.1.2. Non-naturalism

2.2. Non-Cognitivist

2.2.1. Emotivism

2.2.2. Prescriptivism

2.2.3. Divine Command Theories

3. Key Questions

3.1. What is Ethical Theory?

3.1.1. What is the very nature or status of morality?

3.1.2. What is the nature and meaning of moral judgements?

3.1.3. What are the fundamental rules, principles and values justifying moral judgements?

3.1.4. How should I apply particular moral beliefs?

3.2. What is a moral Judgement?

3.2.1. What is a Judgement of Obligation?

3.2.2. What is a Judgement of Moral Value?

3.2.3. What is a Judgement of Virtue?

3.3. What is a moral ideal?

3.3.1. What does 'supererogation' mean?

3.4. What is Descriptive Ethics?

3.5. What is a theory of obligation?

3.6. What is a theory of Value?

4. Applied Ethics

5. Theories of Obligation/Value

5.1. Teleological Theories of Obligation

5.2. Deontological Theories of Obligation

6. Moral Relativism

6.1. Definition: rejects the notion that there exists a single objective set of moral principles

6.2. 3 arguments

6.2.1. Diversity Argument

6.2.2. Demonstrability Argument

6.2.3. Divine Authority Argument

6.3. Moral Conventionalism

6.3.1. Cultural/Societal Norms

6.4. Moral Subjectivism

6.4.1. Personal Choice

6.4.2. No room for genuine dispute on positions which appear to conflict each other

6.4.3. No reason for reasonable disagreement; argumentation; persuasion

6.5. No basis to judge other moral codes

6.6. No way of judging other cultural practices

6.7. No way of reforming the moral code's of one's own society

6.8. What if we live within a multiplicity of Cultures?

6.8.1. When one asks how he or she should live her life, he/she has no means of going about it

6.8.2. Even within a culture, many people may disagree about certain moral norms

6.9. Factual Questions

6.9.1. We can use facts to support our moral principles Use Facts to claim that Greek slavery was based on false 'facts'

6.10. Practical Issues

6.10.1. John in a comatose state, never to regain consciousness. Would not know what he wanted. No one to contact on his behalf. I believe in the sanctity of life principle. How could I apply it if I have no way to reason for it?

6.11. Consistency Questions