Theories and Frameworks

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Theories and Frameworks by Mind Map: Theories and Frameworks


1.1. The technology teachers need to effectively teach with technology.

1.2. What it stands for: Technology Pedagogy Content Knowledge.

1.2.1. Content Knowledge: Do the students have all the content needed to complete the task? Do they need any scaffolding I hadn't anticipated?

1.2.2. Pedagogical Knowledge: Are the tasks well suited to my learners? Are the tasks unclear in any way? Do the order of the tasks make sense?

1.2.3. Technological Knowledge: Does the tool do all that I think it can? Does the tool do all that I need it to? Is the tool simple enough for students to use?

1.3. Where subject, teaching and technology intersect. View diagram:

1.4. Creator: Lee Shulman


2.1. Image of model: The pedagogical wheel

2.2. Emerging concept:Teachers can pick up and use any technology they have available to them, but it is WHAT they do with it that is an enhancement or transformational for the student.

2.3. Enhancement:

2.3.1. SUBSTITUTION: When technology is the direct tool substitute with no functional change.

2.3.2. AUGMENTATION: Also direct tool substitution but with a functional change and it gives teachers immediate feedback from the students work.

2.4. Transformation:

2.4.1. MODIFICATION: When technology allows for significant task redesign in the classroom.

2.4.2. REDEFINITION: Also allows for significant task redesign but with technologies that were previously not possible.

2.5. Creator: Dr. Rubin Puentedura


3.1. A teachers personal values and beliefs about teaching and learning (philosophy of teaching) AND the role that technology should play in the classroom and its social effects.

3.2. Students must be able to use a variety of technology in effective and useful manners.

3.3. TPACK should inform your knowledge of teachnology!

4. 21st Century Learning

4.1. Developers: Punya Mishra and Kristen Kereliuk

4.2. 3 levels of knowledge:

4.2.1. Foundational Knowledge: content, information literacy,and cross-disciplinary

4.2.2. Humanistic Knowledge: life and job skills, cultural competence, ethical and emotional awareness

4.3. Meta Knowledge: problem-solving and critical thinking, communication and collaboration, creativity