7 Aspects of Civilization

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7 Aspects of Civilization by Mind Map: 7 Aspects of Civilization

1. Arts & Education

1.1. Egypt (Nile)

1.1.1. Only the upper class could afford to get a formal education

1.1.2. Children "imitated" their parents, meaning they followed in their parents footsteps and were educated in their parents occupation

1.1.3. Art was used as a communication for those who couldn't read or write

1.1.4. Wall murals were common decorations on walls

1.2. Indus Valley

1.2.1. The mother would usually teach the children from home

1.2.2. The children were taught religion and morals as well as core education

1.2.3. Skilled in painting, pottery, sculpting and other art mediums

1.2.4. Would model a sculpture out of wax, cover it in clay, heat it up, so the wax would melt out. They would our molten metal into the clay mould, then peel of the clay leaving a metal figure

2. Science and Technology

2.1. Egypt (Nile)

2.1.1. Used ramps, levers, and rollers inside of their monuments

2.1.2. Built the Great Pyramids of Giza that are still standing 4,000 years after they were built

2.1.3. First people to use a 365 day calender

2.1.4. Used two kinds of clocks: sundials and water clocks

2.2. Indus Valley

2.2.1. Developed uniform system of weights and measures and used rulers

2.2.2. Dentistry: Evidence found of drilled teeth

2.2.3. Buttons were used for ornamental purposes

2.2.4. Invented a tool similar to the wheelbarrow and farming tools

3. Government and Leaders

3.1. Egypt (Nile)

3.1.1. Pharaoh was the king

3.1.2. The people believed that the Pharaoh was a god

3.1.3. Pharaoh's main advisor was called the vizier (Prime Minister) which was usually a high priest

3.1.4. Government officials were the the chief treasurer, the tax collector, the minister of public works, and the army commander.

3.2. Indus Valley

3.2.1. The King, called a Raja, ruled over the civilization

3.2.2. Government promoted mathematic skills and laid out cities very precisely and organized

3.2.3. Governed through trade and religion, not military power

3.2.4. Priests had more power than the king because religion affected the government very heavily

4. Economy and Trade

4.1. Egypt (Nile)

4.1.1. leaders collected part of crops as taxes

4.1.2. A lot of the population worked on upper class people's farms

4.1.3. Agriculture added up to most of Egypt's wealth, and after taxes, the farmers sold their crops at the market

4.1.4. Fishing and hunting made up a very small portion of the ecomomy

4.2. Indus Valley

4.2.1. Exquisite beads and ornaments could be used for trade

4.2.2. Standardized weight system to determine value and how much to tax the object

4.2.3. Trade with Central Asia, Arabian Gulf civilizations, and Mesopotamian cities

4.2.4. One ted with rural agriculture and mining/ manufacturing communities through strong trade systems

5. Religion

5.1. Egypt (Nile)

5.1.1. Polytheistic

5.1.2. Believed in many dieties

5.1.3. gods and goddesses often part human, part animal

5.1.4. Egyptian "Book of the Dead" contains main ideas of egyptian religion

5.2. Indus Valley

5.2.1. Polytheistic

5.2.2. Believed that they followed Hinduism

5.2.3. Many figurines of gods and goddesses discovered

5.2.4. Evidence suggests that animal worship was common

6. Geography and Agriculture

6.1. Egypt (Nile)

6.1.1. Hot, arid land.Relied on the river for agriculture

6.1.2. Ran along the Nile River in modern day Egypt

6.1.3. Grew wheat and barley and kept livestock such as sheep, cattle, ducks, and geese

6.1.4. Relied on flooding of the Nile River to provide fertile farming land

6.2. Indus Valley

6.2.1. Covered most of Pakistan and parts of northwestern India

6.2.2. Grew dates, grapes, and melons

6.2.3. Grew wheat and peas

6.2.4. Kept cattle, sheep, pigs, and goats for food

7. Social Structure and Family Life

7.1. Egypt (Nile)

7.1.1. The men would get a job while the women would care for the children

7.1.2. Women married at a young age and men married between the ages of 16 and 20

7.1.3. Social classes with pharaoh at the top and soldiers, farmers, and tomb builders at the bottom

7.1.4. Most of the population was made up of the lower class workers

7.2. Indus Valley

7.2.1. Many classes with a strong ruling class at the top

7.2.2. Upper class terrified lower class with their stockpile of copper weapons, so their resources were exploited by the upper class

7.2.3. Craftsmen taught their crafting skills to their children

7.2.4. Children would play with toys at the house