As a result the northern Renaissance developed its own character.
As the war dragged on many Italian artists and writers left for a safer life in Northern Europe., The Italian artists brought styles and techniques of the Italian Renaissance.
The support of wealthy merchant families in Flanders helped to make Flanders the artistic center of northern Europe.
Oil painting became popular and spread to Italy.
This criticism produced a new movement known to Christian humanism. The focus was the reform of society., The humanists promoted the education of women and founded schools attended by boys and girls.
The best known Christian humanist was Erasmus. His most famous work, The Praise of Folly, this work poked fun at greedy merchants, heartsick lovers, quarrelsome scholars and pompous priests., Erasmus believed in a Christianity of the heart, not ceremonies and rules. He thought that in order to improve society all people should study the bible.
During this period the vast majority of Europeans were unable to read or write., Those families who could afford formal schooling usually sent only their sons. Christine de Pizan was one of the first European writiers to question different treatment of boys and girls.
Techniques and styles changed. Paintings and sculptures were more life-like and realistic
Books became more available and the desire for learning increased as well as literacy.
People began to question political and religious practices