The Treaty Of Versallies caused anger and resentment.
Germans saw nothing fair in a treaty that blamed them for starting The War
The Peace Settlement had not fulfilled President Wilson's hope of a world "Safe for Democracy". New democratic governments that emerged in Europe after the war was floundered
Without a Democratic tradition, people turned to authoritarian leaders to solve their economic and social problems., The New Democracies collapsed, and dictators were able to seize power. Some had Great Ambitions
Joseph Stalin Whos Last name means "Man of Steel" took controll of the country
Stalin moved to transform the Soviet Union from a backward rural nation into a great industrial power
He Was responsible for 8 million deaths during the soviet union
By 1939 Stalin had firmly established Totalitarian government that tried to exert complete control over its citizens.
Benito Mussolini was establishing a totalitarian regime in Italy, where unemployment and inflation produced bitter strikes some communistled
By 1921 Mussolini had established the Fascist party, Fascism stressed Nationalism and placed the interests of the state above thoes of individuals ., To strengthen the Nation, Fascists argued, power must rest with a single strong leader and a small group of devoted party members
In Germany Adolf Hitler had followed a path to power.
Hitler proved to be a powerfull public speaker and organizer that he quickly became the party's leader
Nazism is The German brand of facism
The Great Depression helped the Nazis come to power
Halfway around the World nationalistic military leaders were trying to take control of the imperial government of Japan
The Watchful Leauge Of Nations had been established after WW1 to prevent just such aggressive acts
Meanwhile the sucess of the Manchurian invasion put the militarists firmly in control of Japans Government
The Failure of The Leauge Of Nations to take action against Japan did not escape the notice of Europes dictators.
When the Invasion began, however the Leauge's response was an ineffective economic boycott little more then a slap on Italys wrist
General Francisco Franco rebelled against the Spanish Republic
Revolts broke out all over spain and the Spanish Civil war began
In The early 1930's a flood of books argued that the united States has been dragged into WW1 by greedy bankers and arm dealers
Americans Growing isolationism eventually had an impact on President Roosevelts Foreign policy.
Congress passed Neutrality Acts.
Reducing Tariffs By More Then 50%
Despite Congressional efforts to legislate neutrality, Roosevelt found it impossible to remain neutral
When Japan launched a new attack on China in July, 1937, Roosevelt found a way around Neutrality Acts
Roosevelt spoke against isolationism in a speech delivered in Chicago. He called upon peace loving nations to quarantime or isolate aggressor nations in order to stop of spread of war
At Last Roosevelt seemed ready to take a stand against aggression that is untill isolationist newspapers exploded in protest, accusing the president of leading the nation into war
Roosevelt backed off in the face of criticism, but his speech did begin to shift the debate.
The Conflicts Remain "Over There"