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"History is a pack of lies we play on the dead." -Voltaire- by Mind Map: "History is a pack of lies we play on the dead."
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"History is a pack of lies we play on the dead." -Voltaire-

What is history?

Time does not define history, but humans define history.

History is subjective.

History defines who we are

Collection of past events

Subjective Interpretation

Interpret what we think about the past events and people

Historically inaccurate (or "lies")

Over think/analyze the actions of historical figures.

Historical figures could have just been simple, straightforward people. Our complex analysis and interpretation could have conceptualized a whole another person.

We dress the dead in our own way

What we say is history

If "history is a pack of lies" are we, humans liars?


What does Voltaire mean by "lies"? What is he referring it to?

Subjective Interpretation, Human Interpretation (Interpretation not done by God)

Who are the "dead"?

Historical figures of the past

Is this particular lie bad?

Subjective interpretation

Human incapacity and lacking source of knowledge in history

What is a lie?

Is subjective interpretation a lie?

No: Perspective

Yes: humans are liars

What is a truth?

Can we say something true about something we don't know?, Are humans even capable of saying something true about history

Is a statement said without correct knowledge a lie?

Types of lie

Unintentional, Can unintentional lie be justified?, Is unintentional lie necessarily "bad"?

Intentional, Is intentional lie "bad"?

Can we trust history?

can we trust lies?

If lies are the only things we have about history, then we are forced to trust it., People must depend on makeshift belief until they find the truth

Where can we find truth?

We're all humans. We don't know the truth; we don't exactly know what happened, Who knows the truth?, God, Time, What do we believe?, We believe lies as truth

Human Incapacity

History is a pack of lies we play on the dead because it is not within our capacity to tell the truth