A deplorable book.
deplorable: (adjective) deserving strong condemnation., Understood the difficulty of separating individuals from the group they are embedded in., arbitrary: (adjective) based on random choice rather than any reason., "The Black Cloud" was the first book that had pumped his intuition about information theory and the idea of the arbitrariness., Bequeathed him with the idea of "The Deep Problems" of existence and origin., Learn more about "The Black Cloud" and Fred Hoyle here http://scienceblogs.com/universe/2007/08/31/book-review-the-black-cloud/ and here http://theasylum.wordpress.com/2010/10/14/fred-hoyle-the-black-cloud/, bequeathed: (verb) to leave or give (personal property) by will., Learned more science from it than anyone expects from a work of fiction.
Decisions about the state (and Government) should be unbiased. No additional motivation from religious or personal influence.
Creates an Equal Playing Field: For those in and outside the role of the Church
Science is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe, From the Latin: scientia, which means "knowledge
From a historical standpoint, Science has almost always fell under the jurisdiction of the church and when scientific advancement disagrees with church views things get tricky. Notable example- Darwin's Theory of Evolution., Or the works of Galileo Galilei, which stated that the Geocentric model, which was long-held by the church, was incorrect. Galileo stated that the Earth orbits around the sun., Geocentric: The stars revolve around the Earth and the Earth is the center of the universe., Widely-held belief by the church because of Bible passages, including Psalm 104:5 which says "He set the earth on its foundations; it can never be moved.", Galileo was excommunicated (or kicked out) of the Catholic church for his radical beliefs., Pope John Paul the Second expressed regret on how the affair was handled and acknowledged the errors committed by the church.
Science or Secularism, Somewhat Interesting Article from a theistic perspective. Although not arguing from a Scientific and Secularist buddy standpoint. It offers interesting points on how scientific discovery doesn't always mean Science V. Church. Please keep in mind that this article is written from a theistic background. Just as the other articles are written from a secular background. http://www.answersingenesis.org/articles/2013/05/17/is-science-secular
Not an attack of personal beliefs or an infringement upon 1st Amendment Rights
Essentially separation of church and state.
Racism, The novel itself was controversial and suspected of racism. (Ironic since in later film adaptations Eddie Murphy Portrays him), http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-0zVwz2jIf8, While fighting in WWI, he didn't want to tell his kids about the brutality of war, so instead he created the character of Dr. Dolittle., They began as creative letters, and set the foundations for his later novels., In the 1920's there was a strong sense of racism in fiction, many other authors were also considered to have hinted at racism in their writing., Agatha Christie, Top Ten Racist Comments by Agatha Christie: http://thoughtcatalog.com/lakshmi-krishnan/2012/03/agatha-christies-top-ten-racist-moments/, Agatha Christie's work "And Then there Were None" was originally titled as "Ten Little Indians ". It is based off the poem included here, which was written in 1885 by American song writer Septimus Winner http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ten_Little_Indians, Actually, it was originally entitled "Ten Little Niggers", H.C McNeile "Sapper" wrote, Bulldog Drummond, Dawkins however did not see the aspects of racism in this novel as a bad thing; instead he appreciated the anti-speciesism., Anti-speciesism: n. Human intolerance or discrimination on the basis of species, especially as manifested by cruelty to or exploitation of animals.
Other works by Jane Austen http://www.pemberley.com/janeinfo/janeinfo.html#janetoc http://www.janeausten.org/jane-austen-biography.asp, Northanger Abbey, Sense and Sensibility, Mansfield Park, Emma, Persuasion
This book showes the values of time period. It might seen "not exciting" but if you take time and think back, society used to be like that. Women were valued on how well they were married., It also shows how people are quick to assume things about poeple. (not in a racial profiling or racism type of way), Patriarchal Society: A social system in which the father is the head of the family and men have authority over women and children.
It is a novel that tells the truth through the setting and the characters, You may go to Khailed Hosseini's Website to find out more about it here: http://khaledhosseini.com/books/the-kite-runner/synopsis/, Or go on my blog to read my literature analysis on it at:, http://emarquezrhsenglitcomp.blogspot.com, I have a literature analysis on this book too!, http://mnillorhsenglitcomp.blogspot.com/2013/10/literature-analysis-3.html
The follow up to this book is ^, Literary Analysis on this book on my blog- http://cknightrhsenglitcomp.blogspot.com/
Seven tools for thinking, #1 Use your mistakes., #2 respect your opponenent, #3 The "surely" claxon meaning that when you see the word surely in an article you look there because more likely than not there is a weak argument there. Therefor it is easier to attack that certain area., #4 Answer Rhetorical questions., #5 Employ Occam's Razor meaning to not attack a complicated theory if you have a simpler one., #6 Don't waste your time on rubbish, #7 Beware of deepities...avoid ambiguity, Thank you to this article http://www.cuyamaca.edu/tpagaard/PagaardSite/Resources/PDFs/Dennett7ThinkingTools.pdf
Here is a link that leads to a Timeline of Shakespeare. http://absoluteshakespeare.com/trivia/timeline/timeline.htm
More Shakespeare quotes for reference http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/w/william_shakespeare.html
not to be confused with agnosticism, which is currently the affiliation of tons of people. agnosticism is an intellectual doctrine or attitude affirming the uncertainty of all claims to ultimate knowledge.
Growing up in Kenya in the early twentieth century, the brothers Matu and Muthegi are raised according to customs that, they are told, have existed since the beginning of the world. But when the 'red' strangers come, sunburned Europeans who seek to colonize their homeland, the lives of the two Kikuyu tribesmen begin to change in dramatic new ways. Soon, their people are overwhelmed by unknown diseases that traditional magic seems powerless to control. And as the strangers move across the land, the tribe rapidly finds itself forced to obey foreign laws that seem at best bizarre, and that at worst entirely contradict the Kikuyu's own ancient ways, rituals and beliefs. "http://books.google.com/books/about/Red_Strangers.html?id=3JTIV44yri0C"
"This gentle, kindly naturalist, who could talk to nonhuman animals and commanded godlike powers through their devotion to him." - Richard Dawkins.
Charles Darwin:, Dawkins connected Dr. Dolittle to the works of Charles Darwin., The Voyage of the Beagle
Carl Sagan Portal: http://www.carlsagan.com/
PDF of the Whole Book: http://www.e-reading.biz/bookreader.php/148582/The_Demon-Haunted_World_:_Science_as_a_candle_in_the_dark.pdf
best antidote known for superstition and pseudoscience,, Pseudoscience: includes beliefs, theories, or practices that have been or are considered scientific, but have no basis in scientific fact. This could mean they were disproved scientifically, can’t be tested or lack evidence to support them
Summary as a whole + separate chapters: http://www.bookrags.com/studyguide-the-demon-haunted-world/
Quick Quotes: http://www.goodreads.com/work/quotes/252618-the-demon-haunted-world-science-as-a-candle-in-the-dark
Video About It (References Richard Dawkins): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8GFQ-rXYnyY
PDF of the Whole Book: http://www.sfs.uni-tuebingen.de/~roland/Literature/Axelrod(81)_the_evolution_of_cooperation.pdf
All About It: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Evolution_of_Cooperation
Robert Axelrod's University of Michigan Page: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~axe/
A- F Lessons: http://www.rlopez7.info/resumenes-de-lecturas/26-evolution-of-cooperation-robert-axelrod-summary.html, A: The Prisoners' Dilemma: This basic problem occurs when the pursuit of self-interest by each leads to a poor outcome for all., This maybe illustrated with a game is called the Prisoner’s Dilemma because in its original form two prisoners face the choice of informing on each other (defecting) or remaining silent (cooperating). Each must make the choice without knowing what the other will do. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/prisoner-dilemma/, B: Lessons from World War I: In the midst of this bitter conflict, the frontline soldiers often refrained from shooting to kill – provided their restraint was reciprocated by the soldiers on the other side., C: Conditions for stable cooperation:, 1. The individuals involved do not have to be rational: The evolutionary process allows successful strategies to thrive. 2. Nor do they have to exchange messages or commitments: 3. There is no need to assume trust between the players. 4. Altruism is not needed. 5. No central authority is needed. 6. For cooperation to emerge, the interaction must extend over an indefinite (or at least an unknown) number of moves. For cooperation to prove stable, the future must have a sufficiently large shadow. 7. In order for cooperation to get started in the first place, there must be some clustering of individuals who use strategies with two properties: The strategy cooperates on the first move, and discriminates between those who respond to the cooperation and those who do not., D: How cooperation evolves: The foundation is not trust, but the durability of the relationship., E: The Value of Provocability: Better to respond quickly, F: A Self-Reinforcing Ratchet Effect
Examples of novels/authors of scientific fiction, A Space Odyssey by Sir Arthur C. Clarke, about the "Dawn of Man" and how it comes back around to becoming "Man", Clarke was the best science fiction writer while Asimov claimed the title of the best science writer; this began the "Clarke-Asmiov Treaty", "The Dead Past" by Isaac Asimov, concerns the government and the preservation of science, "Dark Universe" by Daniel F. Galouye, concerns mythology and the origin of religion, "A people who, for reasons that emerge, lost light at some remote part of their history and now live in perpetual darkness, retain “light” in their language but only in mythic allusions to a lost paradise from which they have fallen. "
Definition of science fiction (if needed) : a form of fiction that draws imaginatively on scientific knowledge and speculation in its plot, setting, theme, etc. (http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/science+fiction?s=t)
Examples, Evelyn Waugh, http://www.biography.com/people/evelyn-waugh-9525520, Evelyn Waugh Books: http://www.goodreads.com/author/list/11315.Evelyn_Waugh, Aldous Huxley, http://www.biography.com/people/aldous-huxley-9348198, Books by Aldous Huxley: http://www.goodreads.com/shelf/show/aldous-huxley, Kingsley Amis, http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/kingsley-amis-5.php, Kingsley Amis books: http://www.nybooks.com/books/authors/kingsley-amis/, Michael Frayn, http://americantheatrewing.org/biography/detail/michael_frayn, Michael Frayn Books: http://www.goodreads.com/author/list/57501.Michael_Frayn
His Twitter: https://twitter.com/sapinker
His Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steven_Pinker
known for his advocacy of evolutionary psychology and the computational theory of mind
His Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Kahneman
His TED talk: http://www.ted.com/talks/daniel_kahneman_the_riddle_of_experience_vs_memory.html
notable for his work on the psychology of judgment and decision-making, behavioral economics and hedonic psychology
His Twitter: https://twitter.com/mattwridley
His Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matt_Ridley
His Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_M._Krauss
His Twitter: https://twitter.com/LKrauss1
His Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jared_Diamond
His TED talk: http://www.ted.com/talks/jared_diamond_on_why_societies_collapse.html
His Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Rees,_Baron_Rees_of_Ludlow
His TED talk: http://www.ted.com/talks/martin_rees_asks_is_this_our_final_century.html
His Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerry_Coyne
His Twitter: https://twitter.com/Evolutionistrue
His Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A._C._Grayling
Him on The Colbert Report: http://www.colbertnation.com/the-colbert-report-videos/425048/april-03-2013/a-c--grayling
"...These are not their authors’ best books, but they offer memorable hints for success in the vocation of science."
His biography on the Nobel Prize website: http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1960/medawar-bio.html
Some quotes: http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Peter_Medawar#Advice_to_a_Young_Scientist_.281979.29, A video of famous quotes by him: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mfX53yt6Cb4
A summary and some reviews: http://www.goodreads.com/book/show/905743.Advice_To_A_Young_Scientist
Dawkins was born in Narobi Kenya, Mother: Jean Mary Vyvyan (Photo Not Found), Father: Clinton John Dawkins 1915-2010, Agricultural Civil Servant, Wartime soldier in Nyasaland
Here's an article on the book:http://www.theguardian.com/books/2011/apr/03/grayling-good-book-atheism-philosophy
Written by Russian author Leo Tolstoy
Book review and plot summary
Biography of Leo Tolstory:http://www.ccel.org/browse/authorInfo?id=tolstoy
The Last Lecture by Randy Pausche
Randy Pausch's talk on "achieving your childhood dreams" This coicides with his book http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ji5_MqicxSo
His official website http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~pausch/
Find his talk on TED Talk's website http://www.ted.com/talks/randy_pausch_really_achieving_your_childhood_dreams.html
ABC New's Report on Pausch's death: http://abcnews.go.com/GMA/randy-pausch-lecture-professor-dies/story?id=4614281
Carnegie Mellon's Website: http://www.cmu.edu/randyslecture/
Lodge invented a literary parlour game called 'Humiliation' in Changing Places, which remains popular at dinner parties. Players name classics of literature that they have not read, the winner being the one who exhibits the most woeful literary lacuna. http://www.theguardian.com/books/2008/jun/13/david.lodge
Leo Tolstoy's wiki (Lived in the Russian empire). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leo_Tolstoy, War and Peace was generally about the French Invasion of Russia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_invasion_of_Russia
The book was during the Napoleonic era. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napoleonic_era, Russian culture of War and Peace. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_culture
As folklore goes, the stories taught lessons and were personified animals including hyenas and rabbits and leopards. Dawkins mentions Chinyanja, a local language, There are a total of 69 languages spoken in Africa, and they different dialects are considered mother tongues. Two main languages of Kenya are English and Swahili.