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Vocab_Jeniffer by Mind Map: Vocab_Jeniffer
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Vocab_Jeniffer

When changing from one level to another, 90% of the energy is lost and only 10% is consumed.

Biomes

Rainforest

Temperate Diciduous Forest

Coniferous forest

Desert

Tundra

Freshwater

Marine

Grassland/Savannah

Trophic leves

1- Producers (Plants)

(The only ones that can change suns energy into energy and provide food for primary consumers)

2- Primary Consumers

3- Secondary Consumers

4- Tertiary

5- Decomposers

Biotic Factors

Examples

Branch

Paper

Grass

Leaves

Milk

Definition

Things that are living

Things that were once living

Things that once lived

Abiotic Factors

Examples

Plastic Cup

Water

Air

Sunlight

Dirt

Definition

Things that are not living

Things that will never live in the future

Things that never lived in the past

Biodiversity

Genetic Biodiversity

One type of genes with many varieties

Species Biodiversity

Different types of species living in one environment

Ecosystem Biodiversity

Different types of ecosystems interacting with one another

Hot spots

Where there is a small number of living organisms

Species

Threatened Speceis

When there is a certain species that may become endangered

Endangered Species

When there is a certain species that may become extinct

Indicator Species

When there is a certain species that tells you about other things going extinct if killed

A healthy Biodiversity means a healthy enviroment

New medicines and cures for diseases can be made

Better resistance when faced with challenges like natural disasters

Food Web

Shows how different types of organisms affect other organisms (looks like a web with energy being passed in defferent directions)

Food Chain

A straight line that shows from where the energy is passed, onto the last consumer.

Ecological Succession

Climax Community

Definition: A community that occurs late in succession whose populations remain stable until disrupted by disturbance

Pioneer Species

Definition: A plant or animal that establishes itself in an unoccupied area

Definition: The process in which a community or an ecosystem goes through over time

Levels of Organization

Organism

Smallest

Anything that's living; A single life form

Population

A group of organisms

Community

A small area of an ecosystem; A group of different organisms living together

Ecosystem

Habitats, nature; A group of biotic & abiotic factors interacting with one another in the same habitat

Biome

Largest

Many ecosystems within one, with a specific climate

Limiting Factors

Definition

Factors that help limit the size of any living organism in order to keep the carrying capacity low

Examples

Natural disasters

Diseases

One another

Carrying Capacity

Definition: How much certain places can withstand without chaos of over population

Population

Population Growth

How big a country's population is

Population Growth Rate

How fast a country's population is growing

Expotential Growth

When the birth rate is constant over a period of time

J-curve

Definition- Shows that at first, at the bottom, beginning of the graph, the line starts out very slow, but then dramatically increases

S-curve

Definition- Shows that at first, the line starts out slow, but then later on in the graph, it increases, but then at last, levels of and stays constant

Water pollution

Water that is polluted by humans and animals. Things that pollute water.. such as ferterlizer

Aquifer

A large place where water is being purified

Desalination

The removal of salt (especially in salt water)

Water purification

Definition; Water purification is the process of removing undesirable chemicals, materials, and biological contaminants from raw water

Watershed

Definition; a ridge of land that separates two adjacent river systems

Impermeable

Surface that does not allow water to get into the ground. Therefore it runs off into storm drains

Erosion

the wearing away of the land surface by wind or water

Runoff

chemicals that go into storm drains and then sent to rivers and streams which then the rivers and streams become polluted.

Wetlands

wetlands are lands on which water covers the soil

Urbanization

Rapid and massive growth of cities

Sources

Non-point sources - sources that cannot be traced back to where they came from

Point source - sources that can be traced back to where the originally came from

Pollutants

Organic pollutants

Definition; chemicals that are drained down into sinks and that are treated

Inorganic pollutants

Definitions; chemicals used in everyday life by humans but that are washed down storm drainers and therefore it cant be traced back to where it came from

Natural Resources

Non-renewable resource definition - Material or energy source that cannot be replaced within a human life span. ex/ minerals, metals

Renewable resource definition - Any material or energy source that cycles or can be replaced within a human life span. ex/ water, sunlight,

Definition; Resources that are produced by nature; found in earth. ex/ wind, steel, food, rocks