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Vocab_Jeniffer by Mind Map: Vocab_Jeniffer

1. When changing from one level to another, 90% of the energy is lost and only 10% is consumed.

2. Biomes

2.1. Rainforest

2.2. Temperate Diciduous Forest

2.3. Coniferous forest

2.4. Desert

2.5. Tundra

2.6. Freshwater

2.7. Marine

2.8. Grassland/Savannah

3. Trophic leves

3.1. 1- Producers (Plants)

3.1.1. (The only ones that can change suns energy into energy and provide food for primary consumers)

3.2. 2- Primary Consumers

3.3. 3- Secondary Consumers

3.4. 4- Tertiary

3.5. 5- Decomposers

4. Biotic Factors

4.1. Examples

4.1.1. Branch

4.1.2. Paper

4.1.3. Grass

4.1.4. Leaves

4.1.5. Milk

4.2. Definition

4.2.1. Things that are living

4.2.2. Things that were once living

4.2.3. Things that once lived

5. Abiotic Factors

5.1. Examples

5.1.1. Plastic Cup

5.1.2. Water

5.1.3. Air

5.1.4. Sunlight

5.1.5. Dirt

5.2. Definition

5.2.1. Things that are not living

5.2.2. Things that will never live in the future

5.2.3. Things that never lived in the past

6. Biodiversity

6.1. Genetic Biodiversity

6.1.1. One type of genes with many varieties

6.2. Species Biodiversity

6.2.1. Different types of species living in one environment

6.3. Ecosystem Biodiversity

6.3.1. Different types of ecosystems interacting with one another

7. Hot spots

7.1. Where there is a small number of living organisms

8. Species

8.1. Threatened Speceis

8.1.1. When there is a certain species that may become endangered

8.2. Endangered Species

8.2.1. When there is a certain species that may become extinct

8.3. Indicator Species

8.3.1. When there is a certain species that tells you about other things going extinct if killed

9. A healthy Biodiversity means a healthy enviroment

9.1. New medicines and cures for diseases can be made

9.2. Better resistance when faced with challenges like natural disasters

10. Food Web

10.1. Shows how different types of organisms affect other organisms (looks like a web with energy being passed in defferent directions)

11. Food Chain

11.1. A straight line that shows from where the energy is passed, onto the last consumer.

12. Ecological Succession

12.1. Climax Community

12.1.1. Definition: A community that occurs late in succession whose populations remain stable until disrupted by disturbance

12.2. Pioneer Species

12.2.1. Definition: A plant or animal that establishes itself in an unoccupied area

12.3. Definition: The process in which a community or an ecosystem goes through over time

13. Levels of Organization

13.1. Organism

13.1.1. Smallest

13.1.2. Anything that's living; A single life form

13.2. Population

13.2.1. A group of organisms

13.3. Community

13.3.1. A small area of an ecosystem; A group of different organisms living together

13.4. Ecosystem

13.4.1. Habitats, nature; A group of biotic & abiotic factors interacting with one another in the same habitat

13.5. Biome

13.5.1. Largest

13.5.2. Many ecosystems within one, with a specific climate

14. Limiting Factors

14.1. Definition

14.1.1. Factors that help limit the size of any living organism in order to keep the carrying capacity low

14.2. Examples

14.2.1. Natural disasters

14.2.2. Diseases

14.2.3. One another

15. Carrying Capacity

15.1. Definition: How much certain places can withstand without chaos of over population

16. Population

16.1. Population Growth

16.1.1. How big a country's population is

16.2. Population Growth Rate

16.2.1. How fast a country's population is growing

16.3. Expotential Growth

16.3.1. When the birth rate is constant over a period of time

17. J-curve

17.1. Definition- Shows that at first, at the bottom, beginning of the graph, the line starts out very slow, but then dramatically increases

18. S-curve

18.1. Definition- Shows that at first, the line starts out slow, but then later on in the graph, it increases, but then at last, levels of and stays constant

19. Water pollution

19.1. Water that is polluted by humans and animals. Things that pollute water.. such as ferterlizer

20. Aquifer

20.1. A large place where water is being purified

21. Desalination

21.1. The removal of salt (especially in salt water)

22. Water purification

22.1. Definition; Water purification is the process of removing undesirable chemicals, materials, and biological contaminants from raw water

23. Watershed

23.1. Definition; a ridge of land that separates two adjacent river systems

24. Impermeable

24.1. Surface that does not allow water to get into the ground. Therefore it runs off into storm drains

25. Erosion

25.1. the wearing away of the land surface by wind or water

26. Runoff

26.1. chemicals that go into storm drains and then sent to rivers and streams which then the rivers and streams become polluted.

27. Wetlands

27.1. wetlands are lands on which water covers the soil

28. Urbanization

28.1. Rapid and massive growth of cities

29. Sources

29.1. Non-point sources - sources that cannot be traced back to where they came from

29.2. Point source - sources that can be traced back to where the originally came from

30. Pollutants

30.1. Organic pollutants

30.1.1. Definition; chemicals that are drained down into sinks and that are treated

30.2. Inorganic pollutants

30.2.1. Definitions; chemicals used in everyday life by humans but that are washed down storm drainers and therefore it cant be traced back to where it came from

31. Natural Resources

31.1. Non-renewable resource definition - Material or energy source that cannot be replaced within a human life span. ex/ minerals, metals

31.2. Renewable resource definition - Any material or energy source that cycles or can be replaced within a human life span. ex/ water, sunlight,

31.3. Definition; Resources that are produced by nature; found in earth. ex/ wind, steel, food, rocks