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Lauren by Mind Map: Lauren

1. Organism

1.1. Living Creature

2. Population

2.1. The total number of inhabitants in a place.

3. Community

3.1. Different types of organisms.

4. Ecosystem

4.1. Habitat where different organisms survive and interact.

5. Biomes

5.1. Rainforests

5.2. Tundra

5.3. Temperate deciduous forest

5.3.1. Pennsylvania is mostly this.

5.4. Tropical forest

5.5. Coniferous forests

5.6. Desert

5.7. Freshwater

5.8. Marine

5.9. Grassland/Savannah

6. Trophic Levels

6.1. Producer

6.1.1. They get 100% of their energy from the sun.

6.2. Secondary Consumer

6.3. Tertiary Consumer

6.4. Decomposer

6.5. Each time something is consumed you only gain one percent of the energy.

6.6. primary consumer

7. Food Chain/Food Web

7.1. Organisms

7.2. Arrows point to what eats it.

7.3. Abiotic Factors

7.3.1. Never living and never will be living.

7.4. Biotic Factors

7.4.1. Living, was living, or will be living. These can even be just part of a living thing like a broken off part of a leaf.

8. Biodiversity

8.1. Genetic

8.2. Species

8.3. Ecosystem

8.4. Biodiversity is bad to lose because it helps us to have many different types of medincine or nutrients. For example if there were a disease that killed one type of tree and an entire forest was of that particular tree the whole forest would die off but if the forest was biodiverse the disease may kill only a few trees or possibly even none.

9. Endangered Species

9.1. Indicator Species

9.2. Threatened Species

9.3. hot spots

9.3.1. This is where there are many different species in one area.

10. Ecological Succession

10.1. Primary Succession

10.1.1. In a place where there never was an ecosystem.

10.2. Secondary Succession

10.2.1. Starts where an ecosystem has been disturbed or destroyed.

10.3. Pioneer species

10.3.1. First plant/life to come to an ecosystem.

10.4. Climax Community

10.4.1. "branched off" species, originated from others. They grow slowly. (End of Process)

11. Population Growth

11.1. Population Growth rate

11.2. Limiting Factors

11.2.1. These help to control the number of one species. Example: Disease

11.3. Carrying Capacity

11.3.1. The number of species an area can hold.

12. J-Curve

12.1. Exponential Growth

12.2. S-Curve

12.2.1. This is when a J-Curve has a turning point because something happened that leveled off the growth of the population. It is not a direct point but is a curve that happens over time.

12.2.2. Zero population growth

13. Water Pollution

13.1. Point Source

13.1.1. Pollution can be pin pointed to one area such as a drain or a boat leaking into a lake.

13.2. Nonpoint Source

13.2.1. You cannot tell where the pollution is comming from such as animal waste or cigarette butts.

14. Water Purification

14.1. Desalination

14.1.1. Removing salts and other chemicals from the water.

15. Aquifer

15.1. Underground water.

16. Watershed

16.1. Runoff

16.1.1. Runoff will often come from an impermeable surface.

16.1.2. Impermeable

16.2. Erosion

16.3. All water from one area goes to a watershed.

16.4. Urbanization

16.4.1. In a city

17. Wetland

17.1. This is good for our enviornment for many reasons.

18. Natural Resources

18.1. Resources that come from nature.

18.2. Renewable resources

18.2.1. Resources that can be reused in a human lifetime.

18.3. Nonrenewable resources

18.3.1. They cannot be reused in a human lifetime.

19. Organic pollutants

19.1. Pollutants that degrade the enviornment

19.2. Nonorganic pollutants

19.2.1. Things like pesticides.