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Enviormental Science Wyatt by Mind Map: Enviormental Science Wyatt
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Enviormental Science Wyatt

Levels organization, smallest to biggest

Organism

A single living creature.

Population

A group of the same creature.

Community

Ecosystem

A variety of creatures living in the same area. Biotic and abiotic factors interacting.

Biome

A group of ecosystems in the same area according to climate or location.

Biodiverstiy

Biodiversity is the diffferent types of organisms, ecosystems or genes in a area.  

Genetic Biodiversity

Animals of the same speices are different on a genetic levels. An example is the different races of humans.

Speices Biodiversity

A variety of speices living in a area.

Ecosystem Biodiversity

A varitey of different ecosystems.

Hot Spots

The areas with the highest levels of biodiverstiy. Ussually along the equator.

Different types of biome.

Temperate Deciduous Forest

A area where trees lose there leaves in the fall. A example of this is most of PA.

Coniferous Forest

A forest with trees that stay green year round, pine.

Tundra

A icey land scape with little vegetation, Greenland for example.

Desert

A hot, dry area that is mostly coverd in sand, Eygpt for example.

Marine Biome

Areas of salt water that contain a variety of organisms.

Freshwater Biome

Lakes, ponds, or rivers that contain a variety of fish and other plants and animals.

Trophic Layers

Producer

Plants that produce there own energy using the sun.

Primary Consumer

Any animal that only eats plants. Also a herbivore.

Secondary Consumer

Any creature that eats the primary consumer.

Tertiary Consumer

Any creature that eats the secondary consumer.

Decomposers

Any creature that decays dead animals or plants.

Ecological Succesion

Primary Succession

Primary succession occurs in areas where there has yet to be a ecosystem like a volcanic island., Pioneer Speices, The first speices to arrive at a new area and are quick growing weeds and moss.

Secondary Succession

Secondary Succession occurs in areas where there has already been a ecosystem but it has been destroyed like a abanded feild.

Climax Community

The max community for a area made up of large oak trees. Also called a

Factors in a ecosystem

Biotic Factors

Anything in a ecosytem that is living, was living, or part of a living thing.

Abiotic Factors

Anything in a ecosystem that never lived or never will live.

Carrying Capacity

The total population that a ecosystem can carry before the population needs to be reduced.

Limiting Factors, Factors that limit the population of a certain area so that it does not reach the carrying capacity.

Population Growth

Population growth rate

J-Curve, When the population continues to grow without stopping. The curve stays steady before jumping up showing a population spike.

S-Curve, When the population grows till it hits its carrying capacity. The curve shows this by slowly growing and then hitting a populaiton spike before leveling out.

Water Pollution

Aquifier

Water trapped underground in impermeadable surfaces and sand and silt.

Desaliniation

Extracting salt from salt water to make it drinkable.

Water Purification

Removing harmful chemicals and substances from water to clean it for use.

Watershed

Any area where water drains into and is dumped into rivers which lead out to the ocean.

Natural Resources

Any resource or energy source taken from the earth and used.

Renewable Resources

Resources that the earth can replace during a human lifespan. Cows, trees, and fruits are examples.

Nonrenewable Resources

Resources that the earth cannot replace in a human lifespan. Examples are diamonds, gold, and uranium.

Pollution

Nonpoint source

Anything laying on the ground that ends up in water. Can only be stopped if people are more wise about what they use.

Point Source

Pollution that comes from factories and electricity plants. Can easily be cleaned when the source is found.

Inorganic Pollutant

Pollutants that are manmade in factories like plastic and most rubbers.

Organic Pollutant

Pollutants that the enviorment makes like animal wastes and dead leaves.

Impermeadable

Surfaces that water cannot go through.

Erosion

When the land slowly breaks off due to constant water or other elements pulling the land down.

Runoff

Any materials that are taken downhill by water. The runoff can be leaves, dirt, oil.

Wetlands

Swampland or land that is verry moist. There are ussually ponds or rivers nearby. They clean out pollution and are a spawning groung for fish and other animals.

Urbanization

The spreading of cities and civilization. It ussually takes up land.

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