Enviornmental Science Vocab by Anjellica Benner

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Enviornmental Science Vocab by Anjellica Benner by Mind Map: Enviornmental Science Vocab by Anjellica Benner

1. Levels of Organization

1.1. Organism

1.2. Population

1.3. Community

1.4. Ecosystem

1.5. Biome

2. Biomes

2.1. Rainforest

2.2. Temperate deciduoius forest

2.3. Coniferus forest

2.4. Desert

2.5. Tundra

2.6. Freshwater

2.7. Marine

2.8. Grassland

3. Trophic Levels

3.1. Decomposers

3.2. Tertiary Consumers

3.3. Secondary Consumers

3.4. Primary Consumers

3.5. Producers

4. Biotic Factors

4.1. Humans

4.2. Animals

4.3. Plants

5. Abiotic Factors

5.1. Water

5.2. Air

5.3. Clouds

6. Biodiversity: The variety of organisms in a specific geographic area.

6.1. Genetic Biodiversity: The variety of genes within a breeding population.

6.2. Species Biodiversity: The number of different species found in an environment.

6.3. Ecosystem Biodiversity: Climate change, land use changes, resource demands, population growth and other human-induced changes.

7. Hot spots: Spots that are severly threatened by humans.

8. Endangered Species

8.1. Bald eagle

8.2. Lynx

8.3. Puma

9. Threatened Species

9.1. Lark

9.2. Aardvark

9.3. Elephant

10. Indicator Species: Any biological species that defines a trait or characteristic of the environment.

11. Ecological Succession: A process in which the communities of an ecosystem change over time.

11.1. Primary Succession: The gradual growth of organisms in an area that was previously bare.

11.2. Secondary Succession: The series of community changes which take place on a previously colonized, but disturbed or damaged habitat.

12. Pioneer Species: Species which colonize previously uncolonized land, usually leading to ecological succession.

13. Climax Community: A stable community of a diverse number of species.

14. Limiting Factors: Factors that prevent a population from reaching carrying capacity.

15. Carrying Capacity: The number of individuals of a species that an ecosystem can support.

16. Population Growth: An increase in the number of people who inhabit a territory.

17. Population Growth Rate: The rate at which the number of an organism increases in a territory.

18. Expontential Growth: Occurs when some quantity regularly increases by a fixed percentage.

19. J-Curve: Shows a steady population, then shoots up, representing a fast increase in population.

20. S-Curve: Its exponential growth has a steady start to begin with, then quickly increases, and then finally levels off.

21. Water Pollution

21.1. Point Source

21.1.1. Municipal sewage discharge

21.1.2. Heavy metals

21.2. Non-point Source

21.2.1. Oil runoff

21.2.2. Tiny gas leaks

21.3. Organic

21.3.1. Hydrocarbons

21.3.2. Pesticides

21.4. Inorganic

21.4.1. Lead

21.4.2. Copper

22. Aquifer: A body of saturated rock through which water can easily move.

23. Desalination: The removal of salt from water.

24. Water Purification: The process of removing undesirable chemicals, materials, and biological contaminants from raw water.

25. Watershed: A ridge of land that separates two adjacent river systems.

25.1. Farms

25.2. Forests

25.3. Ranches

26. Impermeable: Preventing liquids to pass or diffuse through.

27. Erosion: The removal of solids in the natural environment.

28. Runoff: The flow of excessive water, from rain, snowmelt, or other sources, over land into the ocean.

29. Wetlands: An area of land whose soil is saturated with moisture either permanently or seasonally.

30. Urbanization: The physical growth of urban areas as a result of global change.

31. Natural Resources: Resources (actual and potential) supplied by nature.

31.1. Air

31.2. Water

31.3. Wildlife

32. Renewable Resources: A natural resource that can be reused or replaced by a natural process.

32.1. Trees

32.2. Oxygen

32.3. Animals

33. Non-Renewable Resources: A natural resource that cannot be reproduced or reused.

33.1. Plastics

33.2. Minerals

33.3. Fossil Fuels