Flickr (search for CC licensed works, not all are CC!!)
"The Commons" on Flickr
Educational Purpose = use in course of instruction OR storage in Library.
Educational Institution = "... does NOT include an institution that is conducted for the profit, direct or indirect, of an individual or individuals"
"10%": a LOWER limit, not upper limit ("Without limiting the meaning of the expression" ie. justification required beyond 10% threshold; 10% & Below considered reasonable under law)
IF for research / study, making a Copy of a Reasonable Portion = fair dealing. Making a copy of the whole of an article = fair dealing.
"Copyright-Free" in 2017 for photographs taken in: 1946 and earlier. ("70 years" starts to run on 1/1/1947, expires on commencement of 1/1/2017.)
Protection is 25, 50 or 70 years (depending on the subject matter) from end of the performance, publication, release or first transmission year., Eg. Films now in public domain: "critical year" is 1946. Most of Charlie Chaplin's movies. Gone with the Wind. Wizard of Oz. Casablanca. Movies with Humphrey Bogart, Lauren Bacall, Ginger Rogers.
AS long as only a transient, streaming copy is made, it is not infringement. HOWEVER, uploading video-content in a permanent file, to be distributed via MEL or some other content-sharing platform, whether inside a Powerpoint presentation or as a standalone file, would NOT be covered (exempted from a charge of copyright infringement) under s.193E.
Literary, Includes computer code
Musical, Means MUSIC only, not lyrics (lyrics = literary works)
Artistic, Includes photographs
TV & radio broadcasts
Cable TV programmes
s.51 Multiple Copying of Insubstantial Portions, not more than 5 of the pages of a work in an edition of the work OR a) there are more than 500 pages in the edition; and (b) total number of pages copied does not exceed 5% of the total number of pages in the edition., Wait 14 days before you can take advantage of this provision again.
s.52 Multiple Copying of Reasonable Portion (or Whole of an Article) FILL IN THE MULTIPLE COPYING DECLARATION FORM FIRST!!, Can make multiple copies of Whole of an article, or more than one article in same periodical, on same topic., Different articles from same periodical, on different topics, NOT allowed under this provision., Can make multiple copies of reasonable portion of a book., Get the MCDF from your Institution's Library. May be a softcopy form., Application to illustrations accompanying articles and other works 53.Where an article or other literary, dramatic or musical work is accompanied by an artistic work or artistic works provided for the purpose of explaining or illustrating the article or other work, the provisions of this Division shall apply as if — ... included a reference to any copyright in that artistic work or those artistic works; ... included a reference to a copy of that part of the article or other work together with a copy of the artistic work or artistic works provided for the purpose of explaining or illustrating that part; etc., Applies to multiple COMMUNICATION as well (posting on an LMS, mass-email, MMS, Facebook, WhatsApp) ie. need to fill in the form, need to keep to "reasonable portion" / whole article limits
s.45 Copying of Whole of Unavailable Work: work is not commercially available (out of print) - Library must make copy on behalf of user.
Off-air recordings, GET LIBRARY TO RECORD FOR YOU. "Use of broadcasts for educational purposes" 115.The making of a record of a sound broadcast or a cinematograph film of a television broadcast or of a cable programme does not constitute an infringement of copyright in a work or sound recording or cinematograph film included in the broadcast or programme, or an infringement of copyright in the broadcast or programme, if — (a) the record or cinematograph film is made by, or on behalf of, the person or authority in charge of an educational institution; and (b) the record or cinematograph film is not used except in the course of instruction at that institution.
When a Performance is NOT Public: when it is Sanctioned by the Educational Institution
Applies for lectures, tutorials, any delivery of a literary, dramatic or musical work in a physical performance., 23.—(1) Where a musical work is performed by the students or staff of an educational institution in the premises of the institution or elsewhere in the presence of an audience and is so performed in the course of the activities of the institution, the performance shall, for the purposes of this Act, be deemed not to be a performance in public. (2) Where a literary or dramatic work is performed by the students or staff of an educational institution in the premises of the institution or elsewhere in the presence of an audience and is so performed in the course of the activities of the institution, the performance shall, for the purposes of this Act, be deemed not to be a performance in public if the audience is limited to persons who are taking part in the instruction or are otherwise directly connected with the place where the instruction is given.
Location does not matter; Audience does.
Music without Lyrics: any audience is OK
Music WITH Lyrics: audience must be limited to students, connected persons, parent, guardian, brother or sister, same rules apply to films (DVDs etc.)
s.22: A Communication to the Public is not a Performance. Communication right (right to control communication of copyrighted work to the public) is not considered in s.23, Communication = transmission, broadcast, Internet, use of electronic media, not "live" performance
But they cannot sell it, and they cannot publish it eg. on Youtube, without your prior permission., Designed for protection of concert performers against "bootleg recordings", This is the extent of your protection under Copyright.