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The Munich agreement by Mind Map: The Munich agreement
5.0 stars - 1 reviews range from 0 to 5

The Munich agreement

Triumph

avoided war in 1938

gave Hitler an opportunity to show his aims had limits

initial public support

right wing press

opinion poll. 51% thought satisfactory

reaction to Chamberlain's departure/return, Buckingham, Downing Street

settled legitimate German grievance

moral commitment to self-determination, 3.5 million germans in sudetenland, reversing treaty of versailles

gave britain time to prepare for war

increase in military spending over 12 months, 21% GNP in 1939, 8% GNP in 1938

BEF massively increased

developed radar defences

increased production of fighter planes, hurricanes, spitfires

Gives France time to prepare for war

most prepared army for war in 1938

difficulty of helping czechoslovakia

geographical position, France have to go through Germany, Soviet Union through Poland

German military believed 10-11 days to beat czechs.

Disaster

Dubious morality

100,000's of czechs forcibly moved from Sudetenland

breaking up democratic country against their will, intimidation and force works, czechs dont' have part in the munich discussions, GB and F won't support czechs unless they agree to the agreement

Destroyed czechoslovakia as a sustainable country

lost 70% of key industry

lost key defences against attack

encouraged other ethnic minorities to demand independance, slovaks, poles and hungarians, Hitler deliberately tells them to want independance to cause trouble and give Nazi's excuse to invade

condemned czechosolvakia

impact on hitler

in a weak position prior to munich, reaction of berliners to military march, 27th September, public display of apathy, Army Leadership against war, leading Nazi's against war, apart from Himmler and Ribbentrop, firmly united stance after Godesburg from GB, F and SU, start to mobilise

Munich let him off the hook, Godesburg by a different name, increases popularity, army and moderate Nazi's unlikely to act

better to fight in 1938

Germany not that strong, 17% GNP, Luftwaffe not strong enough to launch attack on GB, Had lack of tanks, fuelm amunition and trained reserved

French had strongest army, Hitler's confidence increases that GB and France will not stand up to him, worms

Czech, SU, F and GB army stronger than Germany's, call Hitler's bluff

war on 3 fronts, czechoslovakia strong army, resist Nazi's?, Churchill

Hitler's popularity would have decreased

Impact on Stalin

Felt GB and France were pushing Hitler East

Don't trust Communism

Soviet Union not invited to Munich

Unrealistic views of Hitler's intentions

Chamberlain felt that aims were limited

'piece of paper' not significant

'Peace for our time' not true

Generally believes he has secured peace