Sexuality and Physiology

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Sexuality and Physiology by Mind Map: Sexuality and Physiology

1. Physiological Differences

1.1. The average woman's heart is 25 percent smaller than the average man's.

1.2. Men have 50 percent greater total muscle mass, based on weight, than do women

1.3. A woman who is the same size as her male counterpart is generally only 80 percent as strong

1.3.1. Males are more aggressive (biological reason: hormones)

1.4. Males are generally taller than females

1.5. Differences in thought processes

1.5.1. Females are better at verbal tasks involving memory and intuition This lead to the tendency of females to be more emotional in handling her situations

1.5.2. Males are better at spatial tasks involving muscle control

1.6. Implication

1.6.1. Males are perceived to be physically superior and females inferior May lead to the idea of violence being permissible to be inflicted on females May lead to the idea of male dominance and female submissive culture

1.6.2. Generally, males have an advantage in strength and speed over females Resulting in allocation of jobs into gender-based category Women not hired for physically demanding jobs Women are less likely to enter into the sports industry especially in the past Men are viewed as more capable in carrying out complex or demanding jobs; women should just stay at home Creation of professions that are traditionally "male-only"or "female-only" Men usually get higher pay than women, even if they do the same job

1.6.3. Males are perceived to be more capable as well Physiological differences create a mindset that males are more capable, even if this is not based on biological evidence.

2. Sexuality

2.1. Sexuality is culturally relative. Society defines what is acceptable and what is not for people of different gender.

2.1.1. Homosexuality was widespread in some ancient cultures such as China, Japan, Africa and the Americas.

2.2. When you identify yourself as male or female, you are expected to abide by certain social constructs.

2.3. Sexual Orientation

2.3.1. LGBT Intense prejudice against lesbians, gay men, and bisexual people was widespread throughout much of the 20th century E.g. 377A in Singapore They tend to face discrimination and are often ridiculed by the media for not being "standard". People of the minority face discrimination as they may not want to define themselves as a particular gender. Therefore, they do not belong to any social construct. However, more societies are becoming more accepting of the LGBT community e.g. allowing gay marriages

2.4. Sexual Identity

2.5. Implication

2.5.1. Discrimination When a person is of a gender that is generally thought to be "weaker", sexuality as an identity defines this person to be "weaker" in all other aspects.

2.5.2. A set of social norms that governs everyone's actions

2.6. What is sexuality?

2.6.1. Sexual interests and preferences

2.6.2. The condition of being characterised and distinguished by sex Male Breadwinner of the family Masculine traits - built, tall, strong, etc Emotionally strong (e.g. cannot cry), logical, reasoning, aggressive Female Family-oriented, take care of children and husband as a priority; career is second Increasing number of career-oriented females in the workplace Traits: slender/curvaceous, not fat, no leg hair Laidback, emotional

3. Difference between Sexuality and Physiology?

3.1. Sexuality: identity, defined by culture

3.2. Physiology: Inherent differences, biological structure

3.3. But what we see is that people have always based sexuality on physiology

3.3.1. i.e. Physiological differences manifest as sexual identity differences

3.4. Sexuality can be changed over time by culture whereas physiology will remain the same unless surgical processes are undergone to purposely change it.

4. Role of media in enlarging gender differences

4.1. In movies and books, the female is portrayed as weak and reliant on a male counterpart to swoop in and save the day.

4.2. Media has large and widespread influence; as a result, whatever is portrayed in the media tends to affect how people view gender in real life. Media plays a part in constructing gender roles.

5. Beauty and Feminimity

5.1. Society often dictates that being a women means placing emphasis on beauty

5.1.1. 'Doll up'

5.1.2. Men's 'Trophy' Objectification of women

5.2. Possible explanation: Men represent their household and their organisations, while women represent only themselves

5.2.1. Hence the need to look presentable Lack of ownership and authority perpatuates gender inequality