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Dhyan Pathak by Mind Map: Dhyan Pathak

1. Who?

1.1. Sir Christopher Cradock

1.1.1. British admiral defeated by Spee’s forces at the Battle of Coronel

1.2. Wilhelm Souchon

1.2.1. German admiral whose joint operations with Turkey embroiled that nation in the war

1.3. Maximilian von Spee

1.3.1. Commander of the German East Asia Squadron; won at Coronel but was defeated at the Falkland Islands

2. What

2.1. Battle of the Bight

2.1.1. Designed by the British as a means of attacking German patrols in the north-west German coast, the encounter at Heligoland Bight comprised the first naval battle of the war.

2.2. Battle of Coronel

2.2.1. The naval battle off the coast of central Chile, at Coronel, galvanised the British admiralty into action once news of the complete destruction of Admiral Sir Christopher Cradock's squadron by German Admiral Spee filtered through.

2.3. Battle of Falkland Islands

2.3.1. Fresh from his success at the Battle of Coronel, off the southern coast of Chile, where the Germans outgunned the British, sinking British Admiral Cradock's flagship in the process, Admiral Graf Maximilian von Spee's East Asiatic Squadron - whose primary target was merchant and troop shipping in the South Atlantic - sped towards Port Stanley, in the Falkland Islands. His intention was to raid the British radio station and coaling depot there.

2.4. Battle of Dogger Bank

2.4.1. With the German submarine war heavily in progress and the German home fleet effectively bottled up by Admiral Beatty's success at Heligoland Bight, German Admiral Franz von Hipper decided to launch a raid upon three British North Sea costal towns by the German Battlecruiser Squadron, comprising five battle cruisers supported by light cruisers and destroyers.

2.5. Battle of Jutland

2.5.1. Jutland was the largest/greatest naval battles. Neither submarines or aircraft played any part in the battle, despite the plans of both sides. Never again did battle fleets meet again in such numbers. Jutland had all the ingredients to be a great British naval victory, but in the event the result was much less clear-cut.

2.6. Battle of Otranto Straits

2.6.1. Having mounted a series of ongoing assaults upon the Allied Otranto Barrage in the Mediterranean - usually whenever one of their submarines was lost to an unknown cause - the Austro-Hungarian Navy determined to launch a concerted attack at

3. Where?

3.1. North-west German coast (Battle of Bight)

3.2. Coast of central Chile (Battle of Coronel)

3.3. South Atlantic (Battle of Falkland Islands)

3.4. Dogger Bank, North Sea (Battle of Dogger Bank)

3.5. North Sea, near Denmark (Battle of Jutland)

3.6. Strait of Otranto, Adriatic Sea (Battle of the Strait of Otranto

4. When?

4.1. Throughout the war from 1914-1918

4.1.1. August 28, 1914 Battle of the Bight

4.1.2. September-October, 1914 Several British cruisers are sunk by German U-boats

4.1.3. October 29-30, 1914 Goeben and Breslau (German warships) attack Russian ports on Black Sea

4.1.4. November 1, 1914 -Battle of Coronel -Russian declares war on Ottoman Empire

4.1.5. November 4-5, 1914 France and Britain declare war on Ottoman Empire

4.1.6. December 8, 1914 Battle of the Falkland Islands

4.1.7. January 24, 1915 Battle of Dogger Bank

4.1.8. May 31, 1916 Battle of Jutland

4.1.9. May 14, 1917 Battle of Otranto Staits

5. Why?

5.1. Earth is for 70% covered in water. Many nations are separated from each other by large oceans and seas. At the time of WWI and WWII the best and most efficient way to travel between water separated land was by ship. This included the transport of resources, men and equipment from and too colonies and allies. If one was to control the seas, one would cut off their enemies from their allies and resources.

5.2. The aim of the war at sea, therefore, was not necessarily to destroy as many enemy ships as possible in all out war but to cut off enemy supply lines and stop the enemy from cutting of your supply lines. This saw the rise of a new warfare strategy - submarine warfare.

6. So What?

6.1. Short-Term

6.1.1. The war at sea helped Britain manage to control the English channel. In those times, almost everything was shipped by sea. If Germany had been able to prevent ships from getting to Europe from America the Europeans wouldn't have had anything to fight with, and wouldn't have had American troops to win the war for them.

6.2. Long-Term

6.2.1. Britain lost more ships and men than Germany did, it was the High Fleet (Germany) who retreated, which allowed the Royal Navy to form a blockade, effectively starving the Germans. Without the blockade, the war would have probably gone on for a lot longer.

7. Royal Canadian Navy

7.1. Due to the rapid expansion of submarine warfare, Canada quickly became involved in patrolling the Pacific/Atlantic coasts.

7.2. By 1918, over 100 ships were operating under the Canadian Patrol Service. Canada built anti-submarine trawlers, drifters and anti-submarine launches.

7.3. 8, 826 served in the Royal Canadian Navy and the Royal Naval Canadian Volunteer Reserve.

8. British Method