Copyright/Fair Use/Creative Commons

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Copyright/Fair Use/Creative Commons by Mind Map: Copyright/Fair Use/Creative Commons

1. Copyright

1.1. Defined as “The legal right granted to an author, a composer, a playwright, a publisher, or a distributor to exclusive publication, production, sale, or distribution of a literary, musical, dramatic, or artistic work.”

1.2. To use, you must have the express permission of the original author, and properly cite the source.

1.3. Multimedia guidelines: no more than 10% of a particular piece

1.3.1. Video: up to 10% or 3 minutes

1.3.2. Music: up to 10% or 30 seconds

1.3.3. Text: up to 10% or 1,000 words

1.3.4. Photos or illustrations: no more than 5 per artist or 15 per collection

1.3.5. Data sets: up to 10% or 2,500 cell entries

1.4. Copyright violations are punishable by law.

1.5. Teachers should look for works within the “public domain”: published before 1923, published between 1923 and 1978 without a valid or renewed copyright, or government documents.

1.6. Teachers should emphasize the importance of crediting others. Not everything we create will be entirely our own ideas, so we should give other people credit when we use theirs.

1.7. Teachers should teach, demonstrate, and enforce proper citation methods at all times

2. Fair Use

2.1. Copyright principle based on the idea that people can freely use portions of copyrighted material for commentary and criticism.

2.2. There are four factors used by judges in federal court to determine whether or not a use of a work was fair.

2.2.1. Purpose and character of use: Has the material been transformed by adding new meaning? Has value been added to the original work through new information or understanding?

2.2.2. Nature of the copyrighted work: It is safer to copy factual works than fictional, and safer to copy published work than unpublished.

2.2.3. Amount and sustainability of the portion taken: Do not copy large portions of the work or the “heart” (easily recognizable or main point) of the work.

2.2.4. Effect of the use on the potential market: Does it deprive the original author of potential income?

2.3. Teachers should emphasize and demonstrate that if you are unsure whether you are within Fair Use, always seek the permission of the original author, or at least use a disclaimer to state that your work is not affiliated with the author.

3. Creative Commons

3.1. “Creative Commons develops, supports, and stewards legal and technical infrastructure that maximizes digital creativity, sharing, and innovation.”

3.2. A creative commons license allows creators to publish their works while giving people the right to use and even build upon the work

3.3. Created to balance the reality of copyright law with the reality of the internet

3.4. Essentially a copyright license to credit the original author, but is available for free and legal use by the public.

3.5. Teachers can use resources that fall under the creative commons without worrying about copyright law.

3.6. Teachers are free to edit, through addition, elimination, or tweaking, the work or idea to fit their classroom purposes, as long as it falls under the conditions given by the creator (typically limited to non-commercial uses)

4. Made By:

4.1. Ben Schmitz

4.2. Ali Iannucci

4.3. Casie Wickless