Individuals with Disabilities Education Act - 14 Disabilities

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Individuals with Disabilities Education Act - 14 Disabilities by Mind Map: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act - 14 Disabilities

1. Physical Disabilities

2. 1. Austism

2.1. Work/Break Philosophy and Visual Aid

2.1.1. Case Study: Entering Kindergarten Jordan had received no therapy for his Aspergers, so when a routine changed or he had a problem he needed to communicate, he would throw long, distracting tantrums. Ms. Derry provided him with a work/break option when his frustrations rose, along with a visual aid as a reminder. After one drawn out tantrum lasting over an hour and causing Jordan to be separated from his class, Jordan understood his choice and to this day continues to chose a break or work instead of a tantrum.

3. 2. Deaf-Blindness

3.1. Early Childhood Special Education Services gauranteed by law under Part B of IDEA.

4. 3. Deafness

4.1. Linguistic processing impaired and with or without amplification learning is affected.

4.1.1. Hearing Aids and/or Speech Therapy

4.1.1.1. Caroline showed many signs of hearing loss in early childhood, from being apparently inattentive to wanting the TV on loud, and not startling at loud sounds that made others jump. At age 6 her parents took her to an audiologist who then prescribed hearing aids, speech therapy and other interventions which are helping Caroline develop and learn along with her peers.

5. 4. Developmental Delays

5.1. Both physical and cognitive delays that affect communication, social-emotional health and adaptive development.

5.1.1. Individualized Education Plan

5.1.1.1. Luna showed high levels of emotional intelligence and cognition, she could also demonstrate understanding of subject or skill a limited time after being taught it, but she had problems with long-term retention. She was given special education testing which indicated a developmental delay Luna's memory capabilities. The school psychologist and special education teachers designed a targeted plan to boost her cognitive development with memory and retention.

6. 5. Emotional Disturbance

6.1. Conditions that inhibit educational performance ranging from schizophrenia to depression, sensory issues to undue fears of school or people.

6.1.1. Safe Success Chart

6.1.1.1. Zaccheus is a highly intelligent 1st grader who exhibits wild mood swings, consistent inappropriate behaviors, does not have good relationships with his peers or teachers, and exhibits extreme anger at times. Because he can be a danger to himself and his peers, and because his mood swings often, Ms. Derry has developed a Safe Success Chart for Zaccheus. His day is broken down into 4 parts, with each part divided into 2 to 3 sub-parts. He has two goals: I participate in class. I stay safe. Given the frequency of the Safe Success check-ins Zaccheus has more opportunity to achieve his goals and can redeem himself quickly following an emotional episode.

7. 6. Hearing Impaired

7.1. Types of hearing impairment that are not included in the definition of deafness, but affect educational performance.

8. 7. Intellectual Disability

8.1. Supplemental Aids and Services including instructions, personnel, equipment or other accommodations. The student has a right to be in a general education classroom with the appropriate accomodations.

9. 8. Multiple Disabilities

9.1. The combination of an intellectual disability plus a physical disability which presents severe challenges to educational performance

9.1.1. Supplemental Aids plus assistive technologies such as hearing aids, mobile wheel chair with a mobile tablet for communication.

10. 9. Orthopedic Impairment

10.1. Severe orthopedic impairment caused by a congenital anomaly, disease or accident. Examples are cerebral palsy, amputations or severe burns.

10.1.1. Assistive Technologies would include Mobility Scooter, standing table, easels, an audio notetaker and mobile tablet.

11. 10. Other Health Impairment

11.1. Limited strength, vitality or alertness which affects educational performance due to ailments such diabetes, asthma, a heart condition, and more.

11.1.1. Individualized Family Service Plan from early childhood. Coordination between the school nurse and child's medical team to design a system that accommodates the child's health impairment in school.

11.1.1.1. Eric had Type 1 childhood diabetes. In his classroom he was able to easily access both his insulin testing equipment and cookies and juice at all times with the teacher's understanding. The nurse checked in with Eric periodically throughout the day to make sure was regularly checking his insulin levels as part of his daily routine.

12. 11. Specific Learning Disability

12.1. One or more disorders in the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using languages.

12.1.1. Disability specific interventions and accomodations, if it is dyslexia then the student should be spending significant time with a reading specialist as per the student's IEP.

13. 12. Speech or Language Impairment

13.1. Stuttering, impaired articulation, impaired voice, or impaired language.

13.1.1. Early Intervention System and the development of an Individualized Family Service Plan which includes the appropriate therapy services for the child and family.

14. 13. Traumatic Brian Injury

14.1. Individualized Education Plan with steps to re-teach what has been lost due to the injury and a flexible system of accommodations that adapts to the student's redevelopment of skills and abilities.

14.1.1. Case Study: Jonny was in a severe car accident when he was 5 years old. He sustained significant trauma to the head and as a result had an attention disorder. According to Jonny's 504 plan he was to receive special accommodations on assessments, receive Occupational Therapy minutes, along with special education minutes.

15. 14. Visual Impairment Including Blindness

15.1. Visual impairment, both partial sight and blindness, that affect educational performance.

15.1.1. Assistive Technologies include digital magnifiers for reading and adapted paper with raised and bolded lines.

16. Mental/Cognitive Disabilites