Musical Elements

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Musical Elements by Mind Map: Musical Elements

1. Tempo

1.1. How fast or slow the beat is performed

1.2. Uses Italian words to describe

1.2.1. Presto - Very Fast

1.2.2. Allegro - Fast

1.2.3. Moderato - Medium

1.2.4. Andante - Slow

1.2.5. Largo - Very Slow

2. Form

2.1. The "shape" of the music

2.2. Tracks new and repeated music

2.3. Uses letters

2.4. New music = Next letter

2.5. Repeated music = Same letter

3. Dynamics

3.1. How loud or soft the music is performed

3.2. Use Italian words and abbreviations to describe

3.2.1. ff - Fortissimo - Very Loud

3.2.2. f - Forte - Loud

3.2.3. mf - Mezzo Forte - Medium Loud

3.2.4. mp - Mezzo Piano - Medium Soft

3.2.5. p - Piano - Soft

3.2.6. pp - Pianissimo - Very Soft

4. Articulation

4.1. How note sounds start and stop

4.2. Uses Italian words to describe

4.2.1. Staccato - short and separated

4.2.2. Legato - smooth and connected

5. Rhythm

5.1. Patterns of sound built on the beat

5.2. Usually repetitive throughout a piece of music

6. Melody

6.1. One pitch played at a time

6.2. The main part of a piece of music

7. Harmony

7.1. Two or more pitches played at the same time

7.2. The background of a piece of music

7.3. Supports the melody

7.4. Two types of harmony

7.4.1. Consonant - notes combine and sound like they belong together

7.4.2. Dissonant - notes combine and sound like they do not belong together