Dementia

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Dementia by Mind Map: Dementia

1. How did Ronald Reagan’s dementia affect how he was viewed and how he made decisions?

1.1. "President Reagan Suffered from Alzheimer's While in Office, According to Son." Political Bookworm. Washington Post, 14 Jan. 2011. Web. 02 May 2014. <http://voices.washingtonpost.com/political-bookworm/2011/01/president_reagan_suffered_from.html>.

1.1.1. Steven Livingston is the author of this article. He also writes for the Washington post. He did many interviews with Ronald Reagan's kids and took notes carefully. January 14, 2011

1.1.1.1. Ronald Reagan was thrown off of a horse in July 1989 and was sent to a hospital where doctors talked about how he had signs of dementia.

1.1.1.2. Ron Reagan said he was first concerned with his father and dementia back in 1984 during a debate. He said he showed signs of being tired and confused and was always at a loss for words.

1.1.1.3. President Reagan was taken to the Mayo Clinic in 1990, where it was confirmed he was suffering from the disease.

1.2. Pilkington, Ed. "Ronald Reagan Had Alzheimer's While President, Says Son." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 18 Jan. 2011. Web. 02 May 2014. <http://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/jan/17/ronald-reagan-alzheimers-president-son>.

1.2.1. Paul Bedard is a article writer for the U.S. News online website. He has no bias, but he received most of his information from Reagan's son who could have a bias. January 14, 2011

1.2.1.1. Reagan was formally diagnosed with dementia five years after he left office.

1.2.1.2. Their father's mannerisms while in office – including stumbling over his words, his occasional falling asleep in public, his weak memory – led to much speculation about how early on dementia had set in.

1.2.1.2.1. Synthesis: Ron first saw his father show signs of dementia in 1984 during a debate. Ronald Reagan wasn't officially diagnosed with dementia until five years after leaving office. Ronald also suffered brain damage after being thrown off a horse in 1989.

1.2.1.3. Ron Reagan describes his growing sense of alarm over his father's mental condition, beginning as early as three years into his first term.

1.3. Bedard, Paul. "Reagan Son Claims Dad Had Alzheimer's as President." US News. U.S. News & World Report, 14 Jan. 2011. Web. 06 May 2014. <http://www.usnews.com/news/blogs/washington-whispers/2011/01/14/reagan-son-claims-dad-had-alzheimers-as-president>.

1.3.1. This website provides me with an article written about Ronald Reagan and gives me information about his dementia. Reagan's kids were interviewed about this subject and this is where the author, Ed Pilkington, got his information. Monday 17 January 2011

1.3.1.1. The four white house doctors said they saw no sign of dementia in Reagan.

1.3.1.2. Ron talked about is dad receiving surgery after the horse incident in 1989.

1.3.1.3. San Diego has no medical records of Ronald Reagan having surgery.

2. Has there been any improved research into preventing or stopping dementia? If so, what?

2.1. "Dementia: Hope Through Research." : National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). Usa.gov, 18 Apr. 2014. Web. 06 May 2014. <http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/dementias/detail_dementia.htm>.

2.1.1. The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke is a well run site. It has many sections dedicated to different topics within my main topic. It is not biased. Updated last April 18, 2014

2.1.1.1. Drugs can temporarily improve or stabilize memory and thinking skills in some people by increasing the activity of the cholinergic brain network.

2.1.1.2. In 2012, the President announced the National Plan to Address Alzheimer’s Disease, a national effort to expand research in Alzheimer’s and related dementias prevention and treatment and to move the most promising drugs from discovery into clinical trials.

2.1.1.3. Researchers are assessing the effectiveness of a supervised aerobic exercise program to enhance general cognition in adults with age-related cognitive decline.

2.2. "Statistics." Alzheimers Australia RSS. National Dementia Helpline, n.d. Web. 06 May 2014. <http://www.fightdementia.org.au/understanding-dementia/statistics.aspx>.

2.2.1. This website is more focused on statistics. It also has a section that focuses on what research methods have been taken into account for dementia. No bias.

2.2.1.1. The National Health and Medical Research Council will allocate approximately $32 million to dementia research in 2013-14

2.2.1.1.1. Synthesis: Many research facilities are donating money for dementia research. Drugs and exercise have proven to be the most useful in slowing down or preventing dementia.

2.2.1.2. The Federal Government has committed to providing an additional $200 million for dementia research over the next five years.

2.2.1.3. Worldwide, there are more than 44 million people with dementia today and 135 million predicted by 2050

2.3. "Alzheimer’s & Dementia Prevention." How to Reduce Your Risk and Protect Your Brain. Help Guide, n.d. Web. 01 May 2014. <http://www.helpguide.org/elder/alzheimers_prevention_slowing_down_treatment.htm>.

2.3.1. This site provides me with information on preventing dementia and weakening its effects. This site has no bias. The site is also a trusted non profit organization.

2.3.1.1. Regular exercise can also slow further deterioration in those who have already started to develop cognitive problems.

2.3.1.2. Just like the rest of your body, your brain needs a nutritious diet to operate at its best.

3. How short is a dementia patient’s memory and how much does that affect their everyday life?

3.1. Cummings, Jeffrey L., et al. "Creativity and dementia: emerging diagnostic and treatment methods for Alzheimer's disease." CNS spectrums 13.2 Suppl 2 (2008): 1-20. <http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/18264030/reload=0;jsessionid=RvRlXT6hF6KKL7JMGRnA.24>.

3.1.1. This source is provided by the UCLA Alzheimer's Disease Research Center. The author, JL Cummings has no bias. The article provides me with information about dementia treatment.

3.1.1.1. Medications, however, will likely include disease-modifying treatments, which will slow disease progression or stop it entirely.

3.1.1.2. Dementia patients may lose the ability to copy images entirely.

3.1.1.3. Studying art and dementia is a model for identifying the strengths of psychiatric patients.

3.2. "Dementia." World Health Organizer. N.p., Apr. 2012. Web. 05 May 2014. <http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs362/en/>.

3.2.1. The World Health Organizer dedicates its site into informing the public about health disorders and teaching the public about them. WHO might be a little biased, but not really. April 2012

3.2.1.1. Dementia is a syndrome in which there is deterioration in memory, thinking, behavior and the ability to perform everyday activities.

3.2.1.1.1. Synthesis: Dementia typically happens to the elderly. Common signs and symptoms of dementia are memory loss, aggression, need of assistance, etc.

3.2.1.2. It affects memory, thinking, orientation, comprehension, calculation, learning capacity, language, and judgment.

3.2.1.3. Becoming unaware of the time and place, having difficulty recognizing relatives and friends, having an increasing need for assisted self-care, having difficulty walking, experiencing behavior changes that may escalate and include aggression.