Tourette's Syndrome

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Tourette's Syndrome by Mind Map: Tourette's Syndrome

1. 5. How is TS diagnosed?What are difficulties clinicians face when diagnosing?

1.1. http://www.patient.co.uk/health/Tourette's-Syndrome.htm

1.1.1. "Tourette's Syndrome | Health | Patient.co.uk." Patient.co.uk. N.p., 20 Apr. 2012. Web. 01 May 2014.

1.1.2. ABCD: I chose this website because it is a patient website and real people tell us how they have gotten through having ts.

1.1.2.1. Genetic. It is generally believed that abnormalities in genes are responsible for most cases of Tourette's syndrome. Genes are passed on to a child from each parent and determine what we look like, how our body functions and even what diseases we may get. A child is more likely to develop Tourette's syndrome if they have a father, mother, brother or sister with it also.

1.1.2.1.1. Synthesis: From the notes that I have taken it has been believed that tourettes are passed on from genes. Tourettes is passed down from a parent just like it is passed down from apperence from parents. any kinds of ethinics can get ts

1.2. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tourette-syndrome/basics/symptoms/con-20043570

1.2.1. ABCD: This website is source full because it is mayo clinic and they are a huge medical center and should be trusted.

1.2.1.1. Simple tics Complex tics Hiccuping Using different tones of voice Yelling Repeating one's own words or phrases Throat clearing Repeating others' words or phrases Barking Using vulgar, obscene or swear words

1.2.1.2. •Vary in type, frequency and severity •Worsen if you're ill, stressed, anxious, tired or excited •Occur during sleep •Evolve into different tics over time •Worsen during teenage years and improve during the transition into adulthood

1.2.2. "Tourette Syndrome." Symptoms. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 May 2014.

1.3. http://www.medicinenet.com/tourette_syndrome/article.htm

1.3.1. ABCD: This source has a lot of selections on TS and will make my research easy to find of this source.

1.3.1.1. The early symptoms of Tourette syndrome are almost always noticed first in childhood, with the average onset between the ages of 7 and 10 years. Tourette syndrome occurs in people from all ethnic groups; males are affected about three to four times more often than females. It is estimated that 200,000 Americans have the most severe form of Tourette syndrome, and as many as one in 100 exhibit milder and less complex symptoms such as chronic motor or vocal tics or transient tics of childhood.

1.3.2. "Tourette Syndrome: Get the Facts on Treatment and Symptoms." MedicineNet. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 May 2014.

2. 1. Which cure works the best?How do doctors decide which medicine to use?

2.1. http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/tourette/treatments.html

2.1.1. "Treatments." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 07 Jan. 2014. Web. 02 May 2014

2.1.2. ABCD: This source has a good section on medication and how it will affect the TS patient.

2.1.2.1. Medications can be used to reduce severe or disruptive tics that might have led to problems in the past with family and friends, other students, or coworkers. Medications also can be used to reduce symptoms of related conditions, such as ADHD or OCD.

2.1.2.1.1. Synthesis: medication can reduce tics but there is no actual cure for tics syndrome. there are treatments for this dieese so they know how to handle this but tthis will not in anyway cure it. the younger u start the more contrablle tics will be.

2.1.2.2. Behavioral therapy is a treatment that teaches people with TS ways to manage their tics. Behavioral therapy is not a cure for tics. However, it can help reduce the number of tics, the severity of tics, the impact of tics, or a combination of all of these.

2.2. http://www.cincinnatichildrens.org/health/t/tics-ts-meds/

2.2.1. ABCD: This source isn't as big as mayo clinic but is narrowed down better to children's ts.

2.2.1.1. Tourette syndrome can run in families. It is very important for people with Tourette syndrome to become informed about the diagnosis by reading good books or websites.

2.2.2. "Health Topics." Tics, Tourette Syndrome and Medications. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 May 2014.

3. 7.What other names do people use for Tourette syndrome and how do they affect the person that is diagnosed with it?

3.1. http://kidshealth.org/teen/diseases_conditions/brain_nervous/tourette.html

3.1.1. "Tourette Syndrome." KidsHealth - the Web's Most Visited Site about Children's Health. Ed. Harry S. Abram. The Nemours Foundation, 01 Sept. 2010. Web. 02 May 2014.

3.1.1.1. ABCD: I chose this website because it has real life experiences from kids and how they deal with TS. This website was voted top children health so

3.1.1.1.1. Tics are sudden, repetitive movements or sounds that some people make, seemingly without realizing it. Tics are actually more common in teens than you might think.

3.2. https://www.rwjuh.edu/health_information/adult_mentalhealth_tourette.html

3.2.1. ABCD: I like how they have what the topic is in bold then they talk about it, it makes the research way easier.

3.2.1.1. Tourette's disorder is an autosomal dominant disorder. Autosomal means that both males and females are affected, and dominant means that one copy of the gene is necessary to have the condition.

3.2.1.2. A diagnosis of TD is generally made before the child reaches his or her 18th birthday. In the majority of cases, a child is diagnosed around the age of 7. TD affects more males than females.

3.2.1.3. The genetics behind Tourette's disorder are complicated. For this reason, it is important for individuals and families with Tourette's disorder to have genetic counseling by a geneticist (a physician with specialized training and certification in clinical genetics) or a genetic counselor, once a diagnosis has been made in the family.

3.2.2. "Physician Referral: 1-888-MD-RWJUH or 1-888-637-9584." Tourette's Disorder, Tourette's Syndrome, How Does It Affect People, Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital, New Brunswick, NJ, 08903. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 May 2014

3.3. http://www.medicinenet.com/tourette_syndrome/article.htm

3.3.1. ABCD: they have a lot of links that go to new websites so I can get more research.

3.3.1.1. Although the symptoms of Tourette syndrome are involuntary, some people can sometimes suppress, camouflage, or otherwise manage their tics in an effort to minimize their impact on functioning. However, people with Tourette syndrome often report a substantial buildup in tension when suppressing their tics to the point where they feel that the tic must be expressed. Tics in response to an environmental trigger can appear to be voluntary or purposeful but are not.

3.3.2. "Tourette Syndrome: Get the Facts on Treatment and Symptoms." MedicineNet. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 May 2014.

4. What stereotypes are associated with TS? How do the affect people with TS? What has been/could be done to lessen the impact of these stereotypes?

4.1. http://seattletimes.com/html/health/2011886455_tourettes19.html

4.1.1. ABCD: I like this website because they have interviews kids and how they got through there early years of life.

4.1.1.1. Tourette's syndrome is an inherited neurological disorder affecting an estimated 200,000 Americans, and is usually diagnosed in children between the ages of 3 and 10. The most familiar and caricatured form of Tourette's is called coprolalia, in which the sufferer uses sometimes inappropriate language in bursts. While it is the characteristic of Tourette's most often portrayed, it affects an estimated 10 percent of people with the disorder.

4.1.2. "Teen Dispels Tourette's Syndrome Myths." Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 May 2014.

4.2. http://www.tourette-confusion.blogspot.com/

4.2.1. ABCD: This source has a ton of facts and it answers a lot of questions within the website.

4.2.1.1. TS is not a disease, it is a syndrome (maybe even a group of syndromes), a cluster of recognizable patterns. There are no tests for it. The diagnosis is by history and observation only, and the boundary is fuzzy. No one has decided how many tics a day are necessary to call it a tic disorder

4.2.2. "Tourette Syndrome: Minimizing Confusion." Tourette Syndrome: Minimizing Confusion. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 May 2014.