ENR-CHV20E- Unit 1

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ENR-CHV20E- Unit 1 by Mind Map: ENR-CHV20E- Unit 1

1. lesson 1- leadership styles

1.1. Autocratic

1.1.1. Dose what he or she wants (dictatorship).

1.1.2. Good for fast decisions.

1.1.3. General not believed to be a good leader ship style as it tends to lead to a dictator ship which is generally looked down upon.

1.2. Democratic

1.2.1. Discuss matters in a group and makes decisions based on the out come.

1.2.2. Generally best for making long-term plans.

1.2.3. Moderate amount of control.

1.3. Laissez-Faire

1.3.1. Dose not do much and believes that the group should make decisions as the group know best.

1.3.2. Also very good for fast decisions and less conflict.

1.3.3. Low amount of control.

2. Lesson 2- Democracy

2.1. "So long as the people do not care to exercise their freedom, those who wish to tyrannize will do so; for tyrants are active and ardent, and will devote themselves in the name of any number of gods, religious and otherwise, to put shackles upon sleeping men." - Voltaire

2.2. Retribution

2.2.1. Punishment that is considered morally right and deserved

2.3. Restitution

2.3.1. Restoration of lost or damaged property

2.3.2. Recompense for injury or loss

2.4. Laws in Canada have parts of laws from these

2.4.1. Babylon Hammurabi (1750 BCE

2.4.2. Hebrew Mosaic (1250 BCE)

2.4.3. Greek (621 BCE)

2.4.4. Roman (450 BCE)

2.4.5. English Magna Carta (1215)

2.4.6. Aboriginal Law (1720)

2.4.7. French Napoleon (1804)

3. lesson 3- Canada's Political Structure

3.1. Constitution

3.1.1. A frame work for how a country should be governed

3.2. The BNA Act, 1867

3.2.1. A constitution of how Canada should have been run.

3.2.2. Canada still could not make laws with out Great Briton.

3.3. Federal System

3.3.1. Was created by learning from the mistakes of others (cough cough America).

3.3.2. Three levels Federal Responsibilities Financial Canada Post Foreign Affairs Citizenship Economic policy Taxation Penitentiaries Sea Coast / Inland Fishing Aboriginal Affairs Marriage and Divorce Employment Insurance Government Spending Shipping and Navigation National Defence Criminal Laws Municipal Parks and Recreation Fire Service Local Police Service Water Services Snow Clearance Local Schools Road Maintenance Libraries Recycling Sewage Garbage Collection Public Transit Provincial Welfare Natural Resources Supervision of Municipalities Provincial Taxation Provincial Prisons Health Care Worker's Compensation Plan Education Funding Drivers Licencing Highways

3.4. Aboriginal Self-Government

3.4.1. Smaller Municipal government

3.4.2. In charge of making bylaws applying to each band's land.

3.4.3. In some case they may have provincial power.

3.5. Supreme Court of Canada

3.5.1. Is the highest court in canada

3.5.2. three levels Provincial Court of Appeal Superior Court (for serious offenses) Provincial Courts (for less serious offenses)

3.6. Law making

3.6.1. Three branches. EXECUTIVE branch Federal Provincal To set policy. Present budgets to the legislature. Propose legislation. Implement laws passed by legislature. Prime minister (not President). members of cabinet. On the provincial level LEGISLATIVE branch Federal Provencal There Role is To make laws. Elected members of Parliament who sit in the House of commons. Senators are appointed by the Senate. senate JUDICIARY branch Act as an independent third party in legal disputes Justices or judges Appointed by government

3.7. lobby groups

3.7.1. Are groups of people that have interests that are common among them.

4. Lesson 4- Passing legislation

4.1. Canada has two different legal systems.

4.1.1. Common Law

4.1.2. French Civil Code (Quebec)

4.2. Parliament is a legislative branch in charge of making laws.

4.2.1. Made of a Sovereign House of commons Senate

4.3. laws come from

4.3.1. Canadian Constitution (Constitutional Law) The governments trump card as all laws must conform to it.

4.3.2. Elected government representatives (Statute Law) Some them are common laws re-written into legislation. Generally over ride common laws. Each level of government can create laws but the laws can not apply to areas governed by the over levels. Federal government Criminal law Federal penitentiaries Employment insurance Banking and currency Marriage and divorce Postal services Provincial government Hospitals Police forces Property rights Highways and roads Provincial jails Municipal=local (bylaws) meant to deal with local issues

4.3.3. Previous legal decisions (Common Law) also called Case Law

4.4. Passing Laws.

4.4.1. Is solely in the hands of the government they can draft legislation for a wide range of situations.

4.4.2. If the law dose not fallow the constitution it can be struck down.

4.5. The steps.

4.5.1. 1. A proposal law or bill is introduced to legislation (only the government can do this but they can be influenced by out side groups Individuals, Legal experts, Lobby groups and Government’s Legal advisers ).

4.5.2. 2. First reading- What is the bill about.

4.5.3. 3. Second reading- debate.

4.5.4. 4. Third reading- Review of the bill and any changes.

4.5.5. 5.Vote- you know what that means.

4.5.6. 6. Now on to a new house (usually the senate).

4.5.7. 7. Given to the governor general to be given a royal assent and then it becomes a Act and is given a statute name and re-printed.

5. lesson 5- Electoral Process and Political Parties

5.1. The Spectrum of Political Beliefs

5.1.1. Left communism All property is owned by the country and every one is equal.

5.1.2. Closer to the center Socialism property is owned by the community and the governments wealth are to be used to help the community.

5.1.3. Middle left liberalism Governmental guarantees of individual rights and civil liberties. meant to not restrict the growth o the people.

5.1.4. Middle right Conservatism Established order in society and opposing radical change.

5.1.5. Far right fascism Forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry and commerce, and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism.

5.2. Voteing

5.2.1. You are able to voe at the age of 18.

5.2.2. Canada has three elections one for each level of government.

5.2.3. Your vote matter elections are close very close some times.