REPORTED SPEECH

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REPORTED SPEECH by Mind Map: REPORTED SPEECH

1. STATEMENTS

1.1. Structure :

1.1.1. Main clause

1.1.2. "...THAT..."

1.1.3. Subordinate clause

1.2. Example :

1.2.1. Sarah said that she had bought two tickets for the concert.

1.2.2. Greg said he would have pizza Prosciutto.

1.3. Change of tenses

1.3.1. Simple Present

1.3.1.1. Simple Past

1.3.2. Present Continuous

1.3.2.1. Past Continuous

1.3.3. Present Perfect

1.3.3.1. Past Perfect

1.3.4. Simple Past

1.3.4.1. Past Perfect

1.3.5. Past Continuous

1.3.5.1. Past continuous

1.3.5.2. Past Perfect Continuous

1.3.6. Simple Future

1.3.6.1. Conditional

1.3.7. Future Continuous

1.3.7.1. Conditional Continuous

1.3.8. Perfect Future

1.3.8.1. Perfect Conditional

1.3.9. Past Perfect

1.3.9.1. Past Perfect

1.4. Other words

1.4.1. Demonstratives

1.4.1.1. This

1.4.1.1.1. That

1.4.1.2. These

1.4.1.2.1. Those

1.4.2. Adverbs

1.4.2.1. Now

1.4.2.1.1. Then

1.4.2.2. Ago

1.4.2.2.1. Before

1.4.2.3. Here

1.4.2.3.1. There

1.4.2.4. Yesterday

1.4.2.4.1. The previous day

1.4.2.5. Tomorrow

1.4.2.5.1. The following day

1.4.2.6. The next ....

1.4.2.6.1. The following...

1.4.2.7. Last...

1.4.2.7.1. The previous...

1.4.2.7.2. The ....before

1.4.3. Possesives

1.4.4. Personal Pronouns

1.4.4.1. I, you, he, she,it, we, you, they

2. QUESTIONS

2.1. Yes /No Questions

2.1.1. Structure

2.1.1.1. Main clause

2.1.1.1.1. He asked me

2.1.1.2. ...IF...

2.1.1.2.1. My, your, his, her, its, our, their

2.1.1.2.2. ...if...

2.1.1.3. Subordinate clause

2.1.1.3.1. ... I had been to the US.

2.1.2. Example

2.1.2.1. Norah asked me if I had brought my umbrella.

2.1.3. Changes

2.1.3.1. Same changes in other words

2.2. Wh- pronoun questions

2.2.1. Same changes in verbal tenses

2.2.2. Structure

2.2.2.1. Main clause

2.2.2.1.1. He asked us...

2.2.2.2. WH-PRONOUN

2.2.2.2.1. ...what...

2.2.2.3. Subordinate clause

2.2.2.3.1. ...we were doing.

2.2.3. Example

2.2.3.1. Norah asked him where he had bought his umbrella

2.2.3.1.1. Same changes in other words

2.2.4. Changes:

2.2.4.1. Same changes in verbal tenses

3. COMMANDS

3.1. Affirmative

3.1.1. Structure

3.1.1.1. Main clause

3.1.1.2. ...TO...

3.1.1.3. ...infinitive + complements

3.1.2. Example

3.1.2.1. The gardener told us to keep off the grass.

3.2. Negative

3.2.1. Structure

3.2.1.1. Main clause

3.2.1.2. ...NOT TO...

3.2.1.3. infinitive + complements

3.2.2. example

3.2.2.1. The policeman told us not to feed the ducks.

4. REPORTING VERBS

4.1. Statements

4.1.1. Say

4.1.1.1. Decir

4.1.1.1.1. He said to me that...

4.1.1.1.2. He said that...

4.1.2. Tell

4.1.2.1. Contar

4.1.2.1.1. He told me that...

4.1.2.1.2. He told me that..

4.1.3. State

4.1.3.1. Declarar

4.1.3.1.1. He stated that ...

4.1.4. Declare

4.1.4.1. Declarar

4.1.4.1.1. He declared that...

4.1.5. Explain

4.1.5.1. Explicar

4.1.5.1.1. He explained to me that...

4.1.5.1.2. He explained that...

4.1.6. Reply

4.1.6.1. Replicar

4.1.6.1.1. He replied that...

4.1.7. Answer

4.1.7.1. Contestar

4.1.7.1.1. He answered me that...

4.1.7.1.2. He answered that...

4.1.8. Add

4.1.8.1. Añadir

4.1.8.1.1. He added that...

4.2. Questions

4.2.1. Ask

4.2.1.1. Pedir

4.2.2. Enquire

4.2.2.1. Inquirir

4.2.3. Want to know

4.2.3.1. Quere saber

4.2.4. Wonder

4.2.4.1. Preguntarse a sí mismo

4.3. Commands

4.3.1. Tell

4.3.1.1. Decir a alguien que haga algo

4.3.2. Ask

4.3.2.1. Pedir a alguien que haga algo

4.3.3. Beg

4.3.3.1. Rogar

4.3.3.1.1. He begged me to ...

4.3.4. Force

4.3.4.1. Obligar

4.3.5. Order

4.3.5.1. Ordenar

4.3.6. Instruct

4.3.6.1. Dar instrucciones para

4.3.7. Ban

4.3.7.1. Prohibir

4.3.8. Forbade

4.3.8.1. Prohiibir

4.4. Others

4.4.1. Suggest

4.4.1.1. Sugerir

4.4.1.1.1. He suggested ordering Chinese food.

4.4.1.1.2. He suggested that we should order Chinese food.

4.4.2. Warn

4.4.2.1. Advertir o avisar

4.4.3. Advise

4.4.3.1. Aconsejar

4.4.4. Threaten

4.4.4.1. Amenazar

4.4.5. Invite

4.4.5.1. Invite

4.4.6. Promise

4.4.6.1. Prometer

4.4.7. Apologize

4.4.7.1. Disculpar(se)

4.4.7.1.1. He apologized for being late.

4.4.8. Accuse

4.4.8.1. Acusar

4.4.8.1.1. He accused me of stealing the money.

4.4.9. Deny

4.4.9.1. Negar

4.4.9.1.1. He denied having stolen the money.

4.4.10. Refuse

4.4.10.1. Rehusar

4.4.10.1.1. He refused to go to her birthday party.