The set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices that characterizes the social environment of an individual is the culture that he or she was educated and/or lives in. The greater the differences in cultures it creates lots of "noise" in communication contributing to conflict and prejudice. Different cultures contributes the the way it perceives the world. People from different cultures often have radically different worldviews which makes resolution challenging.
Family is a social group living together. The ideally seen family consists of two parents and two or three children. How ever, with time change families are evaluating and adapting a new face. The idea of a "nuclear family" shattered in the 1960-70's with the social and cultural revolutions. Children live in a wider variety of family structures. A child growing in a happy and secure environment is able to grow to its full potential in many respects and is able to positively contribute to society and community. Should social policy aim to protect the traditional nuclear family from forces of change? ? Do we accept the transition and diversity of families?
One aspect of religion is that Religious beliefs contributes to a patriarchy society. Patriarchs used religion to enforce their code. Eg: Men holding power in religious practices and social structure. Strong moral codes of religion have also influenced society and politics. Eg: Jon Paul 11 campaigned the world for forgiveness and social justice.
The right to education is a basic human right Education is need to overcome handicaps, achieving greater equality in life, and for people to reach their high potential. Lack of education can lead to many social problems. Eg:Crime, poverty, drug use, sexual risk taking
Relationships takes place in a variety of contexts. Eg: Family, marriages, Broder domains of relationships are work, business interactions, international and they are regualted by law. In Political economy we study the relationship of production, buying and selling, with the laws, customs, and governments and how these influences the community.
One's identity as a male or female classifies one in to a social role. Does the interactions between the biological being and the social environment influence individuals' capacities? Relating to gender is the inequality in labour force, political and personal power. In today's society open gender discrimination does not take place - how ever,it is more subtle ((Eg: lack of women in highly paid managerial positions)
We all use money. We all want it, work for it and think about it. Money is disciplined by economics. In order to do effective community work we need adequate money. Money is poured in to community work through government funding. Funding is obtained by applying for grants in the community development and welfare sector. Lack of money affects access to health, education, and housing.
People work for a purpose or out of necessity for money. People work hard for better living conditions. I do community work to contribute towards the community as well as earn money for a living . Associated with work are: compensations, ,work cover, work capital,,diversity, work place planning, insurance and many more.. Finding and keeping work relates to Job markets, job demands, labour force, economy, class, gender, demography, geography distribution of race and work opportunity.
Social class is one of the major dimensions of inequalities in Australia. As welfare workers much of us efforts is to promote eqitable relations in the community. The relationship between socio-economic status with education and labour market outcome is an imp. indicator of the level of social equity and the sucess of policies aimed at reducing social inequality.
Ideology is the way in which people think about the world and their ideal concept of how to live in the world. Meaning one’s ideals are the best way. In politics mny political actions and election programs are based on ideologies. Reflection: Why is the world racked by by idoelogical conflict? Eg: The middle east Islamic Fundamentalism have emerged as a potent political force. in human service organizations the goals stated in mission statements present the reader a rather idealised image of the organization.
Media is known as the forth piller of democracy. Media has a tremendous impact and influences in society - negative and positive. Media contributes to forming public opinion and keeps a check on the working government. Media can be controlled for various reasons. (Eg: for the good of the society, to oppose to empower, and political benefits.) Media can instill negative and destructive pattern of thinking.
Various dimensions of perception of the the world is through technology, religion, culture, economics, politics, ethics and science. How we perceive the world brings about a varying degree of openness to change
Politics is a process where groups of people make collective decisions and this is seen within governments. Our work as welfare workers are enevitabley linked to political functions. Eg: Social Control Eg: State governemtns relay heavily on gambling taxes. Gov funds gambling for revenue. When gambling becomes a problem welfare agencies mediate to assist problem gamblers.
Related criteria in social policy are poverty, violence, injustice, suppression of human rights, discrimination, and crime, as well as abortion, gay marriage, and religion.
Prejudice is a preconceived judgment/ unreasonable attitude towards people because of : Race, Social Class, Gender, Ethnicity, Age, Disability, political beliefs , line of work or other personal characteristics.