Main teachings of religions

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Main teachings of religions by Mind Map: Main teachings of  religions

1. Islam

1.1. Five pillars of faith

1.1.1. The confession of faith . "There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is the messenger (apostle) of Allah".

1.1.2. Prayer. This is the duty of every Muslim (able to do so). The prescribed ritual prayers five times daily, at prescribed times, with the prescribed posture, have to be observed. During these five prayers a fixed prayer-text must be recited seventeen times altogether (twice in the morning; four times at noon; four times in the afternoon; three times in the evening and four times at night). This is called by many Persian and Indian Muslims 'namaz'. The wording of this prayer is found in the appendix.

1.1.3. The giving of alms is a religious duty and should amount to not less than 2.5% of the income above ones needs.

1.1.4. Keeping the Fast during the month of Ramadaan is a duty for all, except the sick, travellers, pregnant women, nursing mothers and children. The fast is to last from the rising of the sun until sunset.

1.1.5. Pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj) is required once in a lifetime during the month of Zu'l-Hijjah, if the means allow this. There is also a minor pilgrimage (Umra), which is performed at other times. We ought to realize that very considerable cost is involved in a pilgrimage, quite apart from the travel fare.

2. Buddism

2.1. The four noble truths

2.1.1. The truth of suffering (dukkha)

2.1.2. The truth of the cause of suffering (samudaya)

2.1.3. The truth of the end of suffering (nirhodha)

2.1.4. The truth of the path that frees us from suffering (magga)

3. Hinduism

3.1. Hindus believe in a one, all-pervasive Supreme Being who is both immanent and transcendent, both Creator and Unmanifest Reality.

3.2. Hindus believe in the divinity of the four Vedas, the world's most ancient scripture, and venerate the Agamas as equally revealed. These primordial hymns are God's word and the bedrock of Sanatana Dharma, the eternal religion.

3.3. Hindus believe that the universe undergoes endless cycles of creation, preservation and dissolution.

3.4. Hindus believe in karma, the law of cause and effect by which each individual creates his own destiny by his thoughts, words and deeds.

3.5. Hindus believe that the soul reincarnates, evolving through many births until all karmas have been resolved, and moksha, liberation from the cycle of rebirth, is attained. Not a single soul will be deprived of this destiny.

3.6. Hindus believe that divine beings exist in unseen worlds and that temple worship, rituals, sacraments and personal devotionals create a communion with these devas and Gods.

3.7. Hindus believe that an enlightened master, or satguru, is essential to know the Transcendent Absolute, as are personal discipline, good conduct, purification, pilgrimage, self-inquiry, meditation and surrender in God.

3.8. Hindus believe that all life is sacred, to be loved and revered, and therefore practice ahimsa, noninjury, in thought, word and deed.

3.9. Hindus believe that no religion teaches the only way to salvation above all others, but that all genuine paths are facets of God's Light, deserving tolerance and understanding.