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Wars that disproved just war theory by Mind Map: Wars that disproved just war
theory
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Wars that disproved just war theory

First Crusade

just cause

ad bello, considered as both just and unjust because they were both defensive and aggressive.

proportionality

in bello, the battle did not end before a massacre

ad bello, the Pope and Crusaders wanted to free the Eastern Christians from Islamic rule, but the Muslims weren’t killing them, which is a lesser evil than war.

right intention

in bello, Pope Urban II claimed that the war would be for maintaining the Peace of God, when in actuality his goal was to reclaim Jerusalem and the Holy Land from the Muslims.

noncombatant immunity

in bello, people killed Jewish civilians, forced them to convert, and forced them to give them money.

last resort

add bello, there is no evidence that non-violent options were tried beforehand because Jerusalem had been under Islamic rule for 461 years

legitimate authority

ad bello, these attacks were not under a contract between the people and the government

the battle of agincourt

just ad bello

just cause, English had failed negotiations with the French and so they attacked them, King Henry v proclaims to be King of France with this victory and will only renounce this claim if England was given Aquitane and other French Lands which was settled to be Frances in the Treaty of Bretigny

probablility of sucess, the good that the English will obtain is the lands that are owned by the French and yet they are going against one of the most powerful armies in Europe to obtain it

proportionality, the thousands that died during this 100 year span were a result of trying to retain the land that the English wanted but the French had alreadt retained this land in the treaty of Bretigny

last resort, the battle was waged due to disagreements between the English and the French, but as a result of King Henry becoming made mockery of, the English set out for war instead of trying other non violent options to stisfy both sides

just in bello

proportionality, the thousands that died during this 100 year span were a result of trying to retain the land that the English wanted but the French had alreadt retained this land in the treaty of Bretigny

right intention, the aim of the leaders like Henry was to kill all the French and obtain the lands that they wanted from the French

counter reformation

proportionality

torwards the end Europe experienced The Thirty Years' War which left Germany a wasteland after millions and millions were slaughtered

right intention

during the reformation Martin Luther's 95 theses, nailed to a church door, set off a fire storm of violence and blood. German princes managed to fight Catholic armies to standstill by 1555, which resulted in the Peace of Augsburg.

noncombatant immunity

in the counter reformation the church was corrupt and killed many innocent people thinking that it was it the right thing to do., ex: In the 1100s, Arnold of Brescia was excommunicated, hanged and then burned. John Wycliffe of England translated the bible into English, and his followers were later hunted down and killed.